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Health Well

Association of plasma phospholipid polyunsaturated and trans fatty acids with body mass index: Results from the multi-ethnic study of atherosclerosis

Association of plasma phospholipid polyunsaturated and trans fatty acids with body mass index: Results from the multi-ethnic study of atherosclerosis Association of plasma phospholipid polyunsaturated and trans fatty acids with body mass index: Results fr ...

Gene expression profiles indicate tissue-specific obesity regulation changes and strong obesity relevant tissues

Gene expression profiles indicate tissue-specific obesity regulation changes and strong obesity relevant tissues Gene expression profiles indicate tissue-specific obesity regulation changes and strong obesity relevant tissues, Published online: 20 Novembe ...

Adolescents' and Young Adults' Reports of Barriers to Confidential Health Care and Receipt of Contraceptive Services

The purpose of this study was to describe adolescents' and young adults' concerns about confidential reproductive health care and experience with time alone with a provider, and examine the association of these confidentiality issues with receipt ...

Increasing Patient Portal Usage: Preliminary Outcomes From the MyChart Genius Project

To determine the feasibility, acceptability, and preliminary effectiveness of dedicating staff (“MyChart Geniuses”) to assist adolescents with patient portal sign-up; to examine patient satisfaction with MyChart Genius services; and to determine patient pr ...

The physical and mental health problems of refugee and migrant fathers: findings from an Australian population-based study of children and their families

Objectives The aim of this study was to report on the physical and mental health of migrant and refugee fathers participating in a population-based study of Australian children and their families. Design Cross-sectional survey data drawn from a population- ...

The association between gastro-oesophageal reflux disease and subsequent rheumatoid arthritis occurrence: a nested case-control study from Taiwan

Objective Gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD) is a common comorbidity among patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). While GORD has been attributed to the antirheumatic medications, no studies of human cohorts have investigated a link between GORD and ...

Interpretation of health news items reported with or without spin: protocol for a prospective meta-analysis of 16 randomised controlled trials

Introduction We aim to compare the interpretation of health news items reported with or without spin. ‘Spin’ is defined as a misrepresentation of study results, regardless of motive (intentionally or unintentionally) that overemphasises the beneficial effe ...

Early vasopressor use following traumatic injury: a systematic review

Objectives Current guidelines suggest limiting the use of vasopressors following traumatic injury; however, wide variations in practice exist. Although excessive vasoconstriction may be harmful, these agents may help reduce administration of potentially ha ...

Contribution of short sleep duration to ethnic differences in cardiovascular disease: results from a cohort study in the Netherlands

Objectives We analysed association between short sleep duration and prevalence of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in a multiethnic population living in the Netherlands, and the contribution of short sleep to the observed ethnic differences in the prevalence o ...

Physical activity in former elite cricketers and strategies for promoting physical activity after retirement from cricket: a qualitative study

Objectives The health benefits of professional sport dissipate after retirement unless an active lifestyle is adopted, yet reasons for adopting an active or inactive lifestyle after retirement from sport are poorly understood. Elite cricket is all-encompas ...

Subclinical Propionibacterium acnes infection estimation in the intervertebral disc (SPInE-ID): protocol for a prospective cohort

Introduction Low back pain and vertebral endplate abnormalities are common conditions within the population. Subclinical infection caused by indolent pathogens can potentially lead to these findings, with differentiation between them notably challenging fr ...

Prevalence of health services usage and associated factors in the Amazon region of Brazil: a population-based cross-sectional study

Objectives To estimate the prevalence of healthcare use and associated factors in the Manaus metropolitan region and to describe the reasons for lack of access. Design Cross-sectional population-based study. Setting A survey conducted between May and Augus ...

Protocol of the sepsivit study: a prospective observational study to determine whether continuous heart rate variability measurement during the first 48 hours of hospitalisation provides an early warning for deterioration in patients presenting with infec

Introduction One in five patients with sepsis deteriorates within 48 hours after hospital admission. Regrettably, a clear tool for the early detection of deterioration is still lacking. The SepsiVit study aims to determine whether continuous heart rate var ...

Effect of ephedrine and phenylephrine on brain oxygenation and microcirculation in anaesthetised patients with cerebral tumours: study protocol for a randomised controlled trial

Introduction During brain tumour surgery, vasopressor drugs are commonly administered to increase mean arterial blood pressure with the aim of maintaining sufficient cerebral perfusion pressure. Studies of the commonly used vasopressors show that brain oxy ...

Exploring the effects of transfers and readmissions on trends in population counts of hospital admissions for coronary heart disease: a Western Australian data linkage study

Objectives To develop a method for categorising coronary heart disease (CHD) subtype in linked data accounting for different CHD diagnoses across records, and to compare hospital admission numbers and ratios of unlinked versus linked data for each CHD subt ...

[Editorial] Alcohol and cancer

The Nov 7 publication of Alcohol and Cancer: a Statement of the American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) emphasises the prominence of alcohol as a proven cause of many cancers. This view is not novel and comes exactly 30 years after a working group of ...

[Editorial] Does mobile health matter?

Widespread adoption of digital health applications (apps) in five patient populations (diabetes prevention, diabetes, asthma, cardiac rehabilitation, and pulmonary rehabilita-tion) could save the US health system $7 billion a year according to a report pub ...

[Editorial] Food industry must act to safeguard the future of antibiotics

WHO has urged farmers and the food industry to stop routine use of antibiotics in healthy animals to promote growth and prevent infectious diseases. WHO guidelines, which were released ahead of World Antibiotic Awareness Week (Nov 13–19), aim to tackle the ...

[Comment] Offline: WHO—a roadmap to renewal?

The honeymoon for WHO's new Director-General, Dr Tedros, is over. Now the serious work begins. At a special session of the agency's Executive Board next week, his proposed General Programme of Work (GPW) for 2019–23 will be tabled, debated, and j ...

[World Report] Towards introducing ACOs in the NHS

The UK Government is moving towards introducing Accountable Care Organisations to the NHS; some worry that this might happen without public consultation. Talha Burki reports. ...

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