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Journal article

Health Well

Motivational Interviewing for Treating Overweight and Obese Youth: A Systematic Review

Purpose: Adolescent obesity is epidemic worldwide, but successful treatment remains challenging. Motivational interviewing (MI), an intervention approach designed to enhance behavior change, shows promise in the context of healthy eating/weight reduction a ...

An Intervention for Homeless Youths: Who Stays and Who Strays?

Purpose: Homeless youths are vulnerable to multiple poor health outcomes owing to substance use and risky sexual behaviors, thus we need to develop and test interventions that assist them in attaining health-promoting skills and habits. These youths are di ...

Antisocial Groups Affect Teenagers Who Loiter in Downtown Areas Late at Night: A Case Series from Nagoya, Japan

Purpose: In Japan, teenagers are considered minors, and individuals aged below 18 years are prohibited from walking around the streets late at night by a local law. Some juveniles who loiter late at night in downtown areas are involved with antisocial grou ...

How are People Like M&Ms?: a Collaborative “Youth as Partner” Approach Using Technology/Social Media to Raise Awareness of Gender Stereotypes in Minority Youth

Purpose: According to the World Health Organization, gender refers to “the socially constructed characteristics of women and men,” with gender expectations varying among individuals of different ages and cultures. When individuals do not conform to establi ...

Descriptive Analysis of Domestic Minor Sex Trafficked Adolescents Seen through an Urban, Academic, Children's Hospital Based Child and Adolescent Protection Center

Purpose: Sex trafficked adolescents experience significant medical, mental health, and social needs resulting in their presentation to a medical setting. However, screening for and detection of underlying domestic minor sex trafficked (DMST) situations is ...

Comparison of Factors Associated with Successful Transition of Care in Patients with HIV Versus Other Chronic Diseases

Purpose: Transfer of pediatric patients to adult care is an integral part of optimizing care of chronically ill patients. However, it requires advanced infrastructure and availability of multidisciplinary team. As a result, currently such process is consid ...

Beliefs Associated with Attitudes About HIV Testing among Adolescents at Risk

Purpose: Adolescents are among the fastest-growing age group of people living with HIV infection in the United States yet many adolescents with high-risk behaviors are unaware of their HIV status. Despite CDC recommendations that all adolescents ages 13 an ...

Why Do Young Adults Forego Healthcare?

Purpose: There is limited research on why young adults (18–26 year olds) forego healthcare; even less is known on gender differences. This study sought to define the prevalence of foregone healthcare among young adult males and females using a nationally r ...

Patient Satisfaction and Acceptance of Cultural Appropriate Inclusive Elements in a Safety Net Program Serving Latino Youth and Their Families

Purpose: Aqui para Ti (“Here For You”, APT) is a clinic that has cared for Latino youth and their families for the last fifteen years. It is based at the Hennepin County Medical Center (HCMC), which is the largest safety net hospital in Minnesota. APT prov ...

14 Years of Service and Care at the Heart and Trenches of a Safety Net: What Were and are the Needs that Challenged Our Latino Youth in MN?

Purpose: Aqui para Ti (“Here For You”, APT) is a clinic at the Hennepin County Medical Center (HCMC) for Latino youth and their families. The aims of this study is to report how patients have changed their profiles in the past 14 years since 2002. ...

Patterns of Substance Use and Associated Health-Risk Behaviors in Texas Alternative High School Students

Purpose: Adolescent substance use is a persistent and evolving public health problem that requires continual monitoring to inform policies and interventions. Most estimates of adolescent substance use come from school-based samples and likely underestimate ...

What Drives an Intervention's Success? Contextual Barriers and Facilitators to Youth and Parent Participatory Action Research Projects in Schools

Purpose: Participatory action research is increasingly being used to engage youth and parents in addressing inequities in the social determinants of health, such as high-quality instruction, school environment, and school connectedness, yet little work has ...

Developmental Patterns of Sexual Risk among Rural African-American Youth from Adolescence to Emerging Adulthood

Purpose: In recent years, the Unites States (US) has seen large reductions in rates of teen pregnancy, births and abortions, along with declines in the number of adolescents engaging in sexual activity. Although promising, considerable and persistent racia ...

How Do Marginalized Young People Navigate the Australian Healthcare System?

Purpose: Disparities in health and well-being exist among those who are socially and economically marginalized due to factors such as cultural background, gender identity, sexuality, forced migration and social economic status. Access, engagement and navig ...

Feasibility and Face Validity of a Modified Adverse Childhood Experiences (Aces) Inventory Formatted to Improve Youth Acceptance and Confidence with Participation in Research

Purpose: Exposure to adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) is a key risk factor for negative health outcomes across the lifespan. In prior research, ACE exposure was assessed using inventories with a conventional format: specific childhood adversities were ...

Substance Use Behaviors among Adolescents in 55 Developing Countries, Global School-Based Surveillance System, 2009–2016

Purpose: Positive economic development in many developing countries depends on having healthy, well-educated adolescents transition successfully into adults who are economically productive. Health-risk behaviors established during childhood and adolescence ...

Applying Adolescent Health Equity to School and Community Healthcare: Community Outreach and Rally for Engaged Aggregate in Health Care (Co-Reach) Initiative

Purpose: This initiative enhances and improves adolescent health equity in an underserved community through identification, engagement and participation of residents (parent and child) who have little or no access to primary care by utilizing peer health n ...

Adolescent Views of Male Sexual and Reproductive Health

Purpose: Female roles in sexual and reproductive health are often emphasized due to direct relationship to childbearing and contraception, but male adolescents often receive inconsistent care. Previous studies have focused on male perspectives on reproduct ...

Determinants of Adolescents' Perceptions on Access to Health Care Services in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia: Jeeluna® National Survey Findings

Purpose: To identify the determinants of adolescents' access to healthcare services in Saudi Arabia. ...

Post-Earthquake HIV Risk and Mental Health: Perceived Inequities and Resilience among Adolescents in Nepal

Purpose: Interest in adolescent health in Nepal during the past decade has been increasing. Health inequities among adolescents (i.e. wealth gap, urban-rural divide, and/or gender differences) remain a concern. HIV is prevalent among youths and inequity of ...

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