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Public Health Well

Novel health systems service design checklist to improve healthcare access for marginalised, underserved communities in Europe

Background Marginalised communities such as homeless people, people who use drugs (PWUD), lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex people (LGBTI), prisoners, sex workers and undocumented migrants are at high risk of poor health and yet face substan ...

Understanding physical activity and sedentary behaviour among preschool-aged children in Singapore: a mixed-methods approach

Objectives This study investigated physical activity (PA) and sedentary behaviour (SB) among preschool-aged children in Singapore and potential correlates at multiple levels of the socioecological model from in-school and out-of-school settings. Design A c ...

Systematic review of gender differences in the epidemiology and risk factors of exertional heat illness and heat tolerance in the armed forces

Objectives This review aimed to describe the epidemiology of all heat-related illnesses in women compared with men in the armed forces and to identify gender-specific risk factors and differences in heat tolerance. Design A systematic review of multiple da ...

Polish adaptation and validation of the Perceived Implicit Rationing of Nursing Care (PIRNCA) questionnaire: a cross-sectional validation study

Objectives To develop a Polish adaptation of the Perceived Implicit Rationing of Nursing Care (PIRNCA)questionnaire. Design Cross-sectional validation study. Settings Nurses working in surgical and cancer wards in Poland. Participants A sample of 513 profe ...

Biomarker-guided implementation of the KDIGO guidelines to reduce the occurrence of acute kidney injury in patients after cardiac surgery (PrevAKI-multicentre): protocol for a multicentre, observational study followed by randomised controlled feasibility

Introduction Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a frequent complication after cardiac surgery with adverse short-term and long-term outcomes. Although prevention of AKI (PrevAKI) is strongly recommended, the optimal strategy is uncertain. The Kidney Disease: Imp ...

Trend analysis of tuberculosis case notifications with scale-up of antiretroviral therapy and roll-out of isoniazid preventive therapy in Zimbabwe, 2000-2018

Objectives Antiretroviral therapy (ART) and isoniazid preventive therapy (IPT) are known to have a tuberculosis (TB) protective effect at the individual level among people living with HIV (PLHIV). In Zimbabwe where TB is driven by HIV infection, we have as ...

Core outcome set in paediatric sepsis in low- and middle-income countries: a study protocol

Introduction Sepsis is the leading cause of death in children worldwide and has recently been declared a major global health issue. New interventions and a concerted effort to enhance our understanding of sepsis are required to address the huge burden of d ...

Investigating the critical elements and psychosocial outcomes of Youth Flexible Assertive Community Treatment: a study protocol for an observational prospective cohort study

Introduction When adolescents experience complex psychiatric and social problems, numerous healthcare services usually become involved. In these cases, fragmentation of care services is a risk that often results in both ineffective care and in patients dis ...

Persistence of patient and family experiences of critical illness

Objective To investigate: (1) patient and family experiences with healthcare and the intensive care unit (ICU); (2) experiences during their critical illness; (3) communication and decision making during critical illness; (4) feelings about the ICU experie ...

Comparative study on prevalence of metabolic syndrome based on three criteria among adults in Zhejiang province, China: an observational study

Objectives In this study, we aimed to estimate the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) among Chinese adults, describe the disease components and compare utility of the existing international criteria and Chinese diagnostic criteria. Design, setting and ...

Cohort profile: the Funen Diabetes Database--a population-based cohort of patients with diabetes in Denmark

Purpose Detailed population-based data are essential to understanding the epidemiology of diabetes and its clinical course. This article describes the Funen Diabetes Database (FDDB). The purpose of the FDDB was to serve as a shared electronic medical recor ...

Community engagement with immigrant communities involving health and wellness research: a systematic review protocol towards developing a taxonomy of community engagement definitions, frameworks, and methods

Introduction The importance of community engagement has been established globally in health and wellness research. A certain degree of ambiguity remains, however, regarding the meaning of community engagement, which term has been used for various purposes ...

Understanding behavioural changes through community-based participatory research to promote oral health in socially disadvantaged neighbourhoods in Southern Sweden

Objectives Inequalities in oral health have been on the rise globally. In Sweden, these differences exist not between regions, but among subgroups living in vulnerable situations. This study aims at understanding behavioural change after taking part in par ...

Leadership development in complex health systems: a qualitative study

Objective Leadership is associated with organisational performance in healthcare, including quality, safety and clinical outcomes for patients. Leadership development programmes have proliferated in recent years. Nevertheless, very few have examined partic ...

Organisational and individual characteristics associated with glycaemic control among patients with type 2 diabetes: cross-sectional study in China

Objective There is a high prevalence of poor glycaemic control among patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) in China. This study aimed to explore both organisational and individual characteristics associated with glycaemic control among patients with T2DM. D ...

Association between functional social support and cognitive function in middle-aged and older adults: a protocol for a systematic review

Introduction Maintenance of cognitive function into old age is important for ageing populations. Researchers seek to identify modifiable risk and protective factors for cognitive function. One such modifiable factor is functional social support, that is, o ...

Developing a multivariable prediction model for functional outcome after reperfusion therapy for acute ischaemic stroke: study protocol for the Targeting Optimal Thrombolysis Outcomes (TOTO) multicentre cohort study

Introduction Intravenous thrombolysis (IVT) with recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rt-PA) is the only approved pharmacological reperfusion therapy for acute ischaemic stroke. Despite population benefit, IVT is not equally effective in all patients, ...

IJERPH, Vol. 17, Pages 2492: Nursing Students’ Knowledge and Attitudes Regarding Medical Marijuana: A Descriptive Cross-Sectional Study

IJERPH, Vol. 17, Pages 2492: Nursing Students’ Knowledge and Attitudes Regarding Medical Marijuana: A Descriptive Cross-Sectional Study International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health doi: 10.3390/ijerph17072492 Authors: Laura Pereira Ma ...

IJERPH, Vol. 17, Pages 2491: Effects of Acute Exercise on Cutaneous Thermal Sensation

IJERPH, Vol. 17, Pages 2491: Effects of Acute Exercise on Cutaneous Thermal Sensation International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health doi: 10.3390/ijerph17072491 Authors: Thomas S.D. Carter H.H. Jones H. Thijssen D. Low D.A. ...

IJERPH, Vol. 17, Pages 2490: Investigating the Strategies Adopted by Emergency Nurses to Address Uncertainty and Change in the Event of Emerging Infectious Diseases: A Grounded Theory Study

IJERPH, Vol. 17, Pages 2490: Investigating the Strategies Adopted by Emergency Nurses to Address Uncertainty and Change in the Event of Emerging Infectious Diseases: A Grounded Theory Study International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health ...

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