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Reducing the number of young people not in employment, education or training (NEET)


UCL Institute of Health Equity

Subject Keywords: Employment, education and training
Topic: Health Inequalities
Health Inequalities
Catalogue: Research and Evaluation
Type: Report
Region: United Kingdom

This pair of documents, commissioned by Public Health England (PHE), and written by the UCL Institute of Health Equity, examine how to help young people into employment, education or training.

They describe the relationship between being NEET and health; inequalities in prevalence of being NEET; and the scale of the problem. The papers show that being NEET, particularly for prolonged periods, is associated with negative effects on health and a range of other outcomes. Furthermore, the chances of becoming NEET are not equally or randomly distributed throughout society – those who are relatively disadvantaged, from poor backgrounds, or who have had negative experiences at school are more likely to spend some time being NEET.

The papers also propose actions that can be taken at a local level in order to reduce the proportion of young people who are NEET. There is good evidence on what works in order to enable and support young people to enter employment, education and training.

Taking action to reduce NEET levels is both possible and necessary – both to ensure young people have opportunities, and also as an important way to improve public health and reduce inequalities.

The full evidence review and a shorter summary briefing are available to download above.

This document is part of a series. An overview document which provides an introduction to this and other documents in the series, and links to the other topic areas, is available on the ‘Local Action on health inequalities’ project page. A video of Michael Marmot introducing the work is also available on our videos page.





Rights: © PHE
Suggested citation:

UCL Institute of Health Equity. (2014) Reducing the number of young people not in employment, education or training (NEET) [Online]. Available from: [Accessed: 20th November 2019].


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