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Prevalence of chronic conditions – Hypertension

Creator:

Ireland and Northern Ireland Population Health Observatory (INIsPHO)

Subject Keywords: Chronic disease
Set: Chronic Conditions
Hypertension
Conditions
Obesity
Catalogue: Data
Secondary Data Sources - Indicator Sets
Type: Table
Region: Republic of Ireland
Northern Ireland
Description:

IPH has estimated and forecast clinical diagnosis rates of hypertension among adults for the years 2010, 2015 and 2020.

In the Republic of Ireland, the data are based on the Survey of Lifestyle, Attitudes and Nutrition (SLÁN) 2007. The data describe the number of people who report that they have experienced doctor-diagnosed hypertension in the previous 12 months (annual clinical diagnosis). Data are available by age and sex for each Local Health Office of the Health Service Executive (HSE) in the Republic of Ireland.

In Northern Ireland, the data is based on the Health and Social Wellbeing Survey 2005/06. The data describe the number of people who report that they have experienced doctor/nurse-diagnosed hypertension at any time in the past (lifetime clinical diagnosis). Data are available by age and sex for each Local Government District in Northern Ireland.

Clinical diagnosis rates in the Republic of Ireland relate to the previous 12 months and are not directly comparable with clinical diagnosis rates in Northern Ireland which relate to anytime in the past.

 

The IPH estimated prevalence per cents may be marginally different to estimated prevalence per cents taken directly from the reference study. There are two reasons for this:

1) The IPH prevalence estimates relate to 2010 while the reference studies relate to earlier years (Northern Ireland Health and Social Wellbeing Survey 2005/06, Survey of Lifestyle, Attitudes and Nutrition 2007, Understanding Society 2009). Although we assume that the risk of the condition in the risk groups do not change over time, the distribution of the number of people in the risk groups in the population changes over time (eg the population ages).  This new distribution of the risk groups in the population means that the risk of the condition is weighted differently to the reference study and this results in a different overall prevalence estimate.

2) The IPH prevalence estimates are based on a statistical model of the reference study. The model includes a number of explanatory variables to predict the risk of the condition. Therefore the model does not include records from the reference study that are missing data on these explanatory variables. A prevalence estimate for a condition taken directly from the reference study would include these records.

Date:

01/05/2012

Rights: © Ireland and Northern Ireland's Populaiton Health Observatory (INIsPHO)
Suggested citation:

Ireland and Northern Ireland Population Health Observatory (INIsPHO). (2012) Prevalence of chronic conditions – Hypertension [Online]. Available from: http://www.thehealthwell.info/node/746874 [Accessed: 24th November 2017].

  

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Contributor:

Institute of Public Health
 
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