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Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI)

Creator:

Oxford University and the Human Development Report Office of the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)

Subject Keywords: Identifying deprivation
Topic: Chronic Conditions
Type: Website
Region: International (other)
Description:

The Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative (OPHI) of Oxford University and the Human Development Report Office of the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) launched in July 2010 a new poverty measure that gives a “multidimensional” picture of people living in poverty which its creators say could help target development resources more effectively. The MPI has supplanted the Human Poverty Index, which had been included in the annual Human Development Reports since 1997. Research findings from the Multidimensional Poverty Index were made available at a policy forum in London and on line on the website of OPHI.
 
Like development, poverty is multidimensional — but this is traditionally ignored by headline figures. The Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI), published for the first time in the 2010 Report, complements money-based measures by considering multiple deprivations and their overlap. The index identifies deprivations across the same three dimensions as the HDI and shows the number of people who are multidimensionally poor (suffering deprivations in 33% of weighted indicators) and the number of deprivations with which poor households typically contend. It can be deconstructed by region, ethnicity and other groupings as well as by dimension, making it an apt tool for policymakers.

Date:

01/07/2010

Rights: © Public
Suggested citation:

Oxford University and the Human Development Report Office of the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). (2010) Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) [Online]. Available from: http://publichealthwell.ie/node/97824 [Accessed: 22nd September 2019].

  

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