menu ☰
menu ˟

Inequalities in Life Expectancy: Changes over time and implications for policy


Buck, D. and Maguire, D., The King's Fund

Subject Keywords: Income, Housing, Employment, Lifestyles, Access to health care
Topic: Health Inequalities
Health Inequalities
Type: Report
Region: United Kingdom

Our health is determined by a complex mix of factors including income, housing and employment, lifestyles and access to health care and other services. There are significant inequalities in health between individuals and different groups in society.

These inequalities are not random. In particular, there is a ‘social gradient’ in health; neighbourhood areas with higher levels of income deprivation typically have lower life expectancy and disability-free life expectancy. This relationship (known as the ‘Marmot curve’) formed an important part of the independent and influential report on health inequalities, Fair society, healthy lives (the Marmot Review).

Inequalities in life expectancy assesses how the Marmot curve has changed over time and what that tells us about the success or otherwise of government policy on inequalities in health over the period 1999–2003 to 2006–10. This study brings together, for the first time at a small area level, data on a wide array of variables for 6,700 areas of England on wider determinants, lifestyles, demographics and public service variables widely thought to be significant in determining health and health inequalities.



Rights: © The king's Fund
Suggested citation:

Buck, D. and Maguire, D., The King's Fund. (2015) Inequalities in Life Expectancy: Changes over time and implications for policy [Online]. Available from: [Accessed: 14th November 2019].


View your saved citations and reading lists


Other partner websites
Click here to view all the resources gathered from this organisation's website.