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Effects of Correctional Boot Camps on Offending


Wilson, D.B., MacKenzie, D.L. and Mitchell, F.N.

Subject Keywords: Boot camps
Topic: Chronic Conditions
Catalogue: Systematic Reviews
Campbell Reviews
Type: Article
Region: International (other)

Correctional boot camps were first opened in United States adult correctional systems in 1983. Since that time they have rapidly grown, first within adult systems and later in juvenile corrections, primarily within the United States. In the typical boot camp, participants are required to follow a rigorous daily schedule of activities including drill and ceremony and physical training, similar to that of a military boot-camp. Punishment for misbehavior is immediate and swift and usually involves some type of physical activity like push-ups. Boot-camps differ substantially in the amount of focus given to the physical training and hard labor aspects of the program versus therapeutic programming such as academic education, drug treatment or cognitive skills.The objective of this review is to synthesize the extant empirical evidence on the effects of boot-camps and boot camp like programs on the criminal behavior (e.g., post-release arrest, conviction, or reinstitutionalization) of convicted adult and juvenile offenders.



Rights: © Wilson et al
Suggested citation:

Wilson, D.B., MacKenzie, D.L. and Mitchell, F.N.. (2003) Effects of Correctional Boot Camps on Offending [Online]. Available from: [Accessed: 23rd October 2019].


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