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Economics of Chronic Diseases (EConDA Project)

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European Commission Consumers, Health and Food Executive Agency

Subject Keywords: Chronic diseases
Set: Obesity
Chronic Conditions
Coronary Heart Disease (CHD)
Hypertension
Stroke
Conditions
Catalogue: Data
Secondary Data Sources - Indicator Sets
Type: Project
Region: Europe
Description:

Across Europe chronic diseases (such as cardiovascular and respiratory disease, type 2 diabetes and chronic kidney disease) account for 86% of all deaths each year, though rates vary between and within countries due to stark inequalities in health. Chronic diseases have a large impact on health care costs throughout the European Union (EU). Globally, the magnitude of the chronic disease burden has been recognised. The EConDA project is considering recommendations for integrated interventions, performing an economic evaluation of the investment required, expected outcome and possibility for scaling up/transferring experiences across Europe.The key aim is to aid EU Member States to develop, select and implement more cost-effective policies to improve chronic disease prevention and impact upon populations with the highest rates of premature deaths from chronic diseases and reduce health inequalities.The specific objectives are to:

  1. seek consensus among relevant experts, policy makers and international organisations on the methodology for measuring cost-effectiveness of interventions to prevent, screen and treat chronic diseases taking into consideration the cost of externalities.
  2. develop a demonstration model for integrated approaches to address cost-effectiveness of various interventions for chronic disease prevention, particularly to demonstrate the differential effects of interventions on various population sub groups.

MethodologyCost-of-illness, cost-effectiveness and cost-benefit analyses are common tools increasingly employed to measure the economic burden of disease because of their resonance with both policy makers and politicians. There is, however, no consensus on the methods behind these studies making comparisons between studies difficult. The project will bring together a group of international experts from the EConDA team, including the OECD, WHO and members of the European Chronic Disease Alliance to debate these issues and establish a consensus on the best method/s to measure cost-effectiveness and impact on economies of integrated approaches to chronic disease prevention.EConDA will use a microsimulation model initially developed by the UK Health Forum (formally the National Heart Forum) for the Tackling Obesities enquiry (Foresight, 2007). This model will show how the costs of chronic diseases in 8 EU countries will alter both currently and into the future based on existing chronic disease trends. The project will focus on cardiovascular disease, diabetes, respiratory diseases and two risk factors: obesity and tobacco in 8 EU countries: Bulgaria, Finland, Greece, Lithuania, the Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, and the United Kingdom.

Rights: © EConDA
Suggested citation:

European Commission Consumers, Health and Food Executive Agency. () Economics of Chronic Diseases (EConDA Project) [Online]. Available from: http://www.thehealthwell.info/node/882912 [Accessed: 24th March 2017].

  

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