menu ☰
menu ˟

Culturally appropriate health education for type 2 diabetes mellitus in ethnic minority groups

Creator:

Hawthorne, K., Robles, Y., Cannings-John3, R.and Edwards, A.

Subject Keywords: ETHNICITY, HEALTH EDUCATION, INCOME
Topic: Chronic Conditions
Conditions
Diabetes
Chronic Conditions
Type: Article
Region: International (other)
Description:

Ethnic minority groups in upper-middle and high income countries tend to be socio-economically disadvantaged and to have higher prevalence of type 2 diabetes than the majority population. Objectives To assess the effectiveness of culturally appropriate diabetes health education on important outcome measures in type 2 diabetes. Selection criteria RCTs of culturally appropriate diabetes health education for people over 16 years with type 2 diabetes mellitus from named ethnic minority groups resident in upper-middle or high income countries were included. Eleven trials involving 1603 people were included, with ten trials providing suitable data for entry into meta-analysis. Glycaemic control (HbA1c), showed an improvement following culturally appropriate health education at three months (weight mean difference (WMD) - 0.3%, 95% CI -0.6 to -0.01), and at six months (WMD -0.6%, 95% CI -0.9 to -0.4), compared with control groups who received 'usual care'. This effect was not significat at 12 months post intervention (WMD -0.1%, 95% CI -0.4 to 0.2). Knowledge scores also improved in the intervention groups at three months (standardised mean difference (SMD) 0.6, 95% CI 0.4 to 0.7), six months (SMD 0.5, 95% CI 0.3 to 0.7) and twelve months (SMD 0.4, 95% CI 0.1 to 0.6) post intervention. Other outcome measures both clinical (such as lipid levels, and blood pressure) and patient centred (quality of life measures, attitude scores and measures of patient empowerment and self-efficacy) showed no significant improvement compared with control groups.

Date:

16/07/2008

Rights: © The Cochrane Collaboration
Suggested citation:

Hawthorne, K., Robles, Y., Cannings-John3, R.and Edwards, A.. (2008) Culturally appropriate health education for type 2 diabetes mellitus in ethnic minority groups [Online]. Available from: http://publichealthwell.ie/node/4371 [Accessed: 21st November 2019].

  

View your saved citations and reading lists

Contributor:

Other partner websites
 
Click here to view all the resources gathered from this organisation's website.