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1992 World Declaration on Nutrition


Food and Agriculture Organisation

Subject Keywords: Nutrition, Food, Lifestyle, Physical activity
Topic: Cardiovascular Health (Draft)
Chronic Conditions
Coronary Heart Disease (CHD)
Chronic Conditions
Type: Event
Region: International (other)

In December 1992 the first International Conference on Nutrition (ICN) was held in FAO's Headquarters in Rome. The conference was jointly sponsored by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and the World Health Organization (WHO). The ICN was attended by delegations from 159 countries and the European Economic Community, 16 United Nations organizations, 11 intergovernmental organizations, and 144 non-governmental organizations who met to discuss ways to eradicate hunger and malnutrition. The December 1992 International Conference on Nutrition aimed to examine the magnitude and extent of malnutrition and hunger and diet-related diseases to develop cost effective strategies to promote nutritional well being to increase public awareness of these problems, to mobilize financial resources to solve these problems, and to establish a global monitoring system. An overview of the conference proceedings is provided. The themes discussed are: 1) improving household security, 2) preventing and managing infectious diseases, 3) caring for the socioeconomically deprived and nutritionally vulnerable, 4) promoting healthy diets and lifestyles, 5) protecting consumers by improving food quality and safety, 6) preventing micronutrient deficiencies, 7) analyzing nutrition situations, and 8) integrating nutrition objectives into development policies and programs. The overview of malnutrition in the world reveals that every country has it victims. 500 million are chronically undernourished, and 13 million children <5 years of age died in 1990 of diseases related to hunger and malnutrition. The malnourished population has declined over the years, however, and life expectancy has increased. Malnutrition is differentiated by protein-energy malnutrition, micronutrient malnutrition, and chronic diet-related diseases. The at-risk population is the rural and urban poor, women and children, the elderly, AIDS victims, refugees, and drought-prone populations. Environmental degradation is affecting nutrition through loss of good agricultural land, deforestation, and food and soil contamination. Those at risk of food insecurity are the landless, casual laborers, and members of large households. Food security can be improved through storage and trade oriented policies, promotion of small scale community-based agriculture, labor-intensive public works projects, credit availability, feeding programs and food stamps, and food aid. Micronutrient deficiencies are prevented by educating people to eat foods rich in micronutrient, and by food fortification and supplementation. Indicators for monitoring are food crises, protein-energy malnutrition, household food security, caring capacity, malnutrition and infectious diseases complex, micronutrient deficiencies, and noncommunicable chronic diseases.



Rights: © Food and Agriculture Organisation
Suggested citation:

Food and Agriculture Organisation. (1992) 1992 World Declaration on Nutrition [Online]. Available from: [Accessed: 17th November 2019].


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