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Systematic reviews

Interventions to achieve long-term weight loss in obese older people: A systematic review and meta-analysis

1 Section of Ageing and Health, University of Dundee, Ninewells Hospital, Dundee DD1 9SY, UK2 Health Services Research Unit, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, UK Address correspondence to: M. Witham. Tel: (+44) 1382 632436; Fax: (+44) 1382 660675. Email: ...

Alcohol-related and hepatocellular cancer deaths by country of birth in England and Wales: analysis of mortality and census data.

BACKGROUND: The incidence of and mortality from alcohol-related conditions, liver disease and hepatocellular cancer (HCC) are increasing in the UK. We compared mortality rates by country of birth to explore potential inequalities and inform clinical and p ...

The effectiveness of brief alcohol interventions in primary care settings: A systematic review

Numerous studies have reported that brief interventions delivered in primary care are effective in reducing excessive drinking. However, much of this work has been criticised for being clinically unrepresentative. This review aimed to assess the effective ...

Interventions to achieve long-term weight loss in obese older people

Systematic ReviewA systematic review and meta-analysisMiles D. Witham1 and Alison Avenell2 1 Section of Ageing and Health, University of Dundee, Ninewells Hospital, Dundee DD1 9SY, UK2 Health Services Research Unit, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, UK Ad ...

Personal assistance for adults (19-64) with both physical and intellectual impairments

Mayo-Wilson, E., Montgomery, P. and Dennis, J. Review investigated the effectiveness of personal assistance versus any other form of care for adults with both physical and intellectual impairments There is a high incidence of impairments among working age ...

Physical activity programs for persons with dementia

Forbes, D., Forbes, S., Morgan, D. G., Markle-Reid, M., Wood, J. and Culum, I. Study of the effectiveness of physical activity programs in managing or improving cognition, function, behaviour, depression, and mortality in people with dementia There is som ...

Physical fitness training for stroke patients

Saunders, D. H., Greig, C. A., Young, A. and Mead, G. E. Review of physical Fitness Training interventions for stroke patients Stroke patients have impaired physical fitness and this may exacerbate their disability. It is not known whether improving physi ...

Policy interventions implemented through sporting organisations for promoting healthy behaviour change

Priest, N., Armstrong, R., Doyle, J. and Waters, E. Health promoting policies to create health promoting environments and to support health-oriented behaviour change. Sporting organisations provide an important setting for health promotion strategies that ...

Prevention of suicide and suicidal behaviour in adolescents

Stevens, M., Bond, L., Pryce, C., Roberts, H. M. and Stephen Platt, S. Review of interventions for the prevention of suicide in youmg people The objectives of the intervention are: 1. To determine whether school, community, primary health-care or other in ...

Primary prevention for alcohol misuse in young people

Foxcroft, D. Ireland, D., Lowe, G. and Breen, R. Review of educational and psychosocial prevention programmes for the reduction of alcohol misuse in young people Alcohol misuse is a cause of concern for health services, policy makers, prevention workers, ...

Progressive resistive exercise interventions for adults living with HIV/AIDS

O'Brien, K., Nixon, S., Glazier, R. and Tynan, A. Review of of the effectiveness and safety of progressive resistive exercise for people living with HIV Due to medical advancements, many people living with HIV infection in developed countries are liv ...

Psychological and/or educational interventions for the prevention of depression in children and adolescents

Merry, S. N., McDowell, H. H., Hetrick, S. E., Bir, J. and Muller, N. Review of interventions of whether psychological depression prevention programs were effective in preventing depression Depression is the fourth most important disease in the estimation ...

Psychological interventions for depression in heart failure

Lane, D. A., Yeong Chong, A. and Lip, G. Y. H. Review of whether psychological interventions for people with heart failure reduce symptoms of depression and improve outcome Heart failure is a common and growing health problem. Depression is prevalent amon ...

Psychological therapies for generalised anxiety disorder

Hunot, V., Churchill, R., Teixeira, V. and de Lima, M. S. Review to find out whether psychological therapies are effective for generalised anxiety disorder Generalised anxiety disorder (GAD) is a highly prevalent condition, characterised by excessive worr ...

Psychosocial interventions by general practitioners

Huibers, M. J. H., Beurskens, A., Bleijenberg, G. and van Schayck, C. P. Review evidence for the effectiveness (or ineffectiveness) of psychosocial interventions by general practitioners Many patients visit their general practitioner (GP) because of probl ...

Psychosocial treatment for opiate abuse and dependence

Mayet, S., Farrell, M., Ferri, M. M. F., Amato, L. and Davoli, M. Review of whether psychosocial treatments alone are adequate to treat people with opiate abuse and dependence. Substance dependence is a social and public health problem; therefore it is a ...

Quit and Win contests for smoking cessation

Cahill, K. and Perera, R. Review of whether Quit and Win contests encourage people to give up smoking Quit and Win contests were developed in the 1980s by the Minnesota Heart Health Program, and have been widely used since then as a population-based smoki ...

School-based programmes for preventing smoking

Thomas, R. E. and Perera, R. Review of whether school-based programmes are effective in the long term prevention of smoking Smoking rates in adolescents are rising in some countries. Helping young people to avoid starting smoking is a widely endorsed goal ...

Preventing obesity in pre-school children: A literature review

Saunders, K. L. Review of tackling obesity in children Obesity in children is increasing worldwide, impacting on both long- and short-term health. Obesity prevention is an important contemporary public health priority and is firmly on the Government' ...

Six new loci associated with body mass index highlight a neuronal influence on body weight regulation

Willer, C. J. et al Research article on weight regulation and genes associated with body mass index Common variants at only two loci, FTO and MC4R, have been reproducibly associated with body mass index (BMI) in humans. To identify additional loci, we con ...