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Systematic reviews

Youth empowerment programs for improving self-efficacy and self-esteem of adolescents

Morton, M. and Montgomery, P. Impacts of youth empowerment programs Governments, funders, and charity organizations increasingly demand that young people be involved in the processes that affect their lives and communities. Youth empowerment programs (YEP ...

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Systematic Reviews Campbell Reviews © The authors Article Other partner websites Yes ...

Wound drainage after plastic and reconstructive surgery of the breast

Stojkovic, C.A., et al To compare the safety and efficacy of the use of wound drains following elective plastic and reconstructive surgery procedures of the breast Plastic and reconstructive surgery of the breast can include breast enlargement, breast red ...

Workplace interventions for smoking cessation

Cahill, K., Moher, M. and Lancaster, T. Smoking cessation The workplace has potential as a setting through which large groups of people can be reached to encourage smoking cessation. To categorize workplace interventions for smoking cessation tested in co ...

Workplace interventions for preventing work disability

van Oostrom, S.H. et al Workplace interventions on work-related outcomes and health outcomes Work disability has serious consequences for all stakeholders and society. Workplace interventions are considered appropriate to facilitate return to work by redu ...

Workplace interventions for neck pain in workers

Wage Aas, R. et al Effectiveness of workplace interventions (WIs) in adult workers with neck pain Musculoskeletal disorders are the most common cause of disability in many industrial countries. Recurrent and chronic pain accounts for a substantial portion ...

Workplace Disability Management Programs Promoting Return to Work

Gensby, U., et al Effectiveness of workplace disability management programs This report presents a Campbell systematic review on the effectiveness of workplace disability management programs (WPDM programs) promoting return to work (RTW), as implemented a ...

Withdrawal versus continuation of chronic antipsychotic drugs for behavioural and psychological symptoms in older people with dementia

Declercq, T., et al To evaluate whether withdrawal of antipsychotic agents is successful in older people with dementia in community or nursing home settings, to list the different strategies for withdrawal of antipsychotic agents in older people with deme ...

What is meso-zeaxanthin, and where does it come from?

Nolan JM, Meagher KA, Kashani S, Beatty S Nutrition, Ageing, Older People, Mental Health, Alzheimer's Disease Abstract The carotenoids lutein (L), zeaxanthin (Z), and meso-zeaxanthin (MZ) accumulate in the central retina, where they are collectively ...

Weight reduction for primary prevention of stroke in adults with overweight or obesity

Curioni C, André C, Veras R Management of overweight and obesity Rigorous scientific evidence linking overweight or obesity with increased risk for stroke is missing. Overweight and obesity are important public health problems and are associated with many ...

Warfarin initiation nomograms for venous thromboembolism

Garcia, P., Ruiz, W. and Munarriz, C.L. To evaluate the efficacy of a 10-mg warfarin nomogram compared with a 5-mg warfarin nomogram among patients with VTE Venous thromboembolism is the presence of a blood clot that blocks a blood vessel within the venou ...

Vitamin C and superoxide dismutase (SOD) for diabetic retinopathy

de Jesus, C.C.L. et al Effects of vitamin C and superoxide dismutase on diabetic retinopathy There is increasing evidence that diabetic retinopathy is caused by the action of free radicals. Radical scavengers like vitamin C and superoxide dismutase (SOD) ...

Visual Function and Its Relationship with Severity of Early, and Activity of Neovascular, Age-Related Macular Degeneration

Loughman J. Sabour-Pickett S. Nolan JM. Klien B. Klien R. Beatty S. Nutrition, Ageing, Older People, Mental Health, Alzheimer's Disease Purpose: To investigate the relationship between visual function and severity of early age-related macular degener ...

Verification of Meso-Zeaxanthin in Fish

Nolan JM, Beatty S, Meagher KA, Howard AN, Kelly D, Thurnham DI Nutrition, Ageing, Older People, Mental Health, Alzheimer's Disease A bstract Background/Objectives: The carotenoids lutein (L), zeaxanthin (Z), and meso-zeaxanthin (MZ) accumulate in th ...

Vasopressin and its analogues for the treatment of refractory hypotension in neonates

shivanna, B., et al The rimary objective was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of vasopressin and its synthetic analogues (e.g. terlipressin) in decreasing mortality and adverse neurodevelopmental outcomes, and improving survival in neonates with refrac ...

Vaccines for preventing enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) diarrhoea

Ahmed, T., et al To evaluate the efficacy, safety, and immunogenicity of vaccines for preventing ETEC diarrhoea Enterotoxigenic E. coli (ETEC) is a type of bacteria that can infect both children and adults, causing diarrhoea. In particular, it affects peo ...

Use of DNA testing in police investigative work for increasing offender identification, arrest, conviction, and case clearance

Wilson, D., Weisburd, D. and McClure, D. DNA testing The use of DNA testing as part of police investigative work has increased substantially since its emergence in the 1980s. The objective of this review has been to synthesize the existing evidence on the ...

Update on Modifiable Risk Factors for Age-related Macular Degeneration

Nolan JM, O'Regan SJ, Beatty S, O'Regan GE Nutrition, Ageing, Older People, Mental Health, Alzheimer's Disease Background Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the commonest cause of age-related blindness in developed countries, and it ...

Universal family-based prevention programs for alcohol misuse in young people

Foxcroft, D.R. and Tsertsvadze Alcohol misuse Alcohol misuse in young people is a cause of concern for health services, policy makers, prevention workers, and criminal justice system, youth workers, teachers, and parents. The objective of this review is t ...

Unemployment Benefit Exhaustion: Incentive Effects on Job Finding Rates: A Systematic Review

Filges, T., et al To study the impact of exhaustion of unemployment benefits In order to reduce unemployment levels, policymakers may wish to reduce the generosity of the unemployment system. While it may be politically intractable to lower the amount of ...