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Systematic reviews

'Human' insulin versus animal insulin in people with diabetes mellitus

Richter, B. and Neisis, G. Insulin treatment Human insulin was introduced for the routine treatment of diabetes mellitus in the early 1980s without adequate comparison of efficacy to animal insulin preparations. First reports of altered hypoglycaemia awar ...

A Geographical Comparison of Prevalence of Overweight School-aged Children: The National Survey of Children's Health 2003

Tudor-Locke, C at al. Child obesity, Overweight, Obesity This study presents a geographical comparison of state-specific prevalence estimates of children who are at risk of overweight and/or overweight. Using the 2003 National Survey of Childrenメs Health, ...

A Randomized Trial of the Effects of Reducing Television Viewing and Computer Use on Body Mass Index in Young Children

Epstein, L.H. et al. Television viewing, Computer, Children, Body mass index The design of this study was a randomized controlled clinical trial. Seventy children aged between 4 and 7 whose BMI was at or above the 75th BMI percentile for age and sex parti ...

A systematic review of the effectiveness of lifestyle interventions for the prevention of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in routine practice.

10.14655/743983-900692 Public Health England Lifestyle interventions, Prevention, Type 2 diabetes mellitus This document updates and extends a previously conducted systematic review and meta-analysis assessing the effectiveness of ‘real-world’ interventio ...

A systematic review of the relationship between staff perceptions of organizational readiness to change and the process of innovation adoption in substance misuse treatment programs.

. Peter Kelly, Josephine Hegarty, Joseph Barry, Kyle R Dyer, Aine Horgan Substance Misuse, Drug Problems. Systematic Reviews Other Reviews http://www.drugsandalcohol.ie/27435 © Public 1 January 2017 Report National Drugs Library Yes 4676 0 1497947489 27435 ...

Acamprosate for alcohol dependence

Rosner, S. et al Alcohol dependency Alcohol dependence is among the main leading health risk factors in most developed and developing countries. Therapeutic success of psychosocial programs for relapse prevention is moderate, but could potentially be incr ...

Acetaminophen (paracetamol) for the common cold in adults

Li, S., et al Safety, Aetaminophen, Treatment, Common cold, Adult The common cold is the most frequent viral infection of the upper respiratory tract. Adults in the US experience two to four colds per year. The symptoms of the common cold usually include ...

Active labor market programme participation for unemployment insurance recipients

Filges T. et al Unemployment, Insurance, Labour market Many countries during the 1990s introduced Active Labour Market Programmes (ALMPs) in an effort to reduce unemployment. In countries such as Australia, USA, Denmark, Sweden, England and Switzerland, p ...

Acupuncture and related interventions for smoking cessation

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Acupuncture for hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy in neonates

Wong, V., Cheuk, DLK., and Chu, V. Acupuncture, Mortality, Morbidity, Neonate, Infant, Newborn Hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) occurs in newborn infants when they lack oxygen in the peripartum period. HIE causes significant morbidity and mortality. ...

Acupuncture for Mumps in Children

He, Jing et al Acupuncture, Children, Mumps. Mumps is an acute, viral illness transmitted by respiratory droplets and saliva. A number of studies published in China have suggested that acupuncture is beneficial for children with mumps but the literature r ...

Acupuncture for stress urinary incontinence in adults

Wang, Y., et al Acupuncture, Stress urinary incontinence, Adults Stress urinary incontinence is a common disease among older people, especially women. The symptoms are leakage of urine when the person coughs, laughs or exercises. It affects social, psycho ...

Addition of intravenous beta2-agonists to inhaled beta2-agonists for acute asthma

Travers, A.H., et al Acute asthma, Treatment, Emergency department Beta 2-agonist drugs are used for the treatment of asthma and work by opening the airways to help people breathe more easily.  Beta 2-agonists can be given to people in two different ways ...

Adult consequences of late adolescent alcohol consumption: a systematic review of cohort studies.

Background Alcohol is responsible for a significant portion of the global burden of disease. There is widespread concern reported in the media and other sources about drinking trends among young people, particularly heavy episodic or â?obingeâ? drinking. ...

Advocacy interventions to reduce or eliminate violence and promote the physical and psychosocial wellbeing of women who experience intimate partner abuse

Ramsay, J. et al. Partner abuse, Violence, Domestic violence Intimate partner abuse is common in all societies and damages the health of survivors and their children in the short and long term. Advocacy may decrease the impact of this abuse on women' ...

Alcohol and drug screening of occupational drivers for preventing injury

Cashman, C.M., et al Alcohol, Drug screening, Injury Workforce alcohol and drug testing is commonplace but its effect in reducing occupational injuries remains unclear. The objective of this review is to assess the effects of alcohol and drug screening of ...

Alcohol ignition interlock programmes for reducing drink driving recidivism

Willis, C., Lybrand, S. and Bellamy, N. Drink driver, Recidivism, Alcohol consumption An ignition interlock device is part of a multi-dimensional programme aimed at reducing recidivism in convicted drink drivers. To operate a vehicle equipped with an igni ...

Alcohol-related and hepatocellular cancer deaths by country of birth in England and Wales: analysis of mortality and census data.

BACKGROUND: The incidence of and mortality from alcohol-related conditions, liver disease and hepatocellular cancer (HCC) are increasing in the UK. We compared mortality rates by country of birth to explore potential inequalities and inform clinical and p ...

Alginate dressings for venous leg ulcers

O'meara, S. and Martyn-St james, M. Dressing, Non-dressing treatment, Compression therapy, Venous leg ulcers. Venous leg ulcers are a common and recurring type of chronic or complex wound which can be distressing for patients and costly to healthcare ...

Alpha-blockers as medical expulsive therapy for ureteral stones

Campschroer, T., et al Medical treatment, Alpha-blocker, Pharmacotherapy, Placebo, Impact, Stone clearance rate, Ureteral stones Urinary stone disease is frequently seen in the urology practice. Symptoms include flank or abdominal pain radiating to the gr ...