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Systematic reviews

'Human' insulin versus animal insulin in people with diabetes mellitus

Richter, B. and Neisis, G. Insulin treatment Human insulin was introduced for the routine treatment of diabetes mellitus in the early 1980s without adequate comparison of efficacy to animal insulin preparations. First reports of altered hypoglycaemia awar ...

A Central Dip in the Macular Pigment Spatial Profile Is Associated with Age and Smoking

Kirby ML, Beatty S, Loane E, Akkali MC, Connolly EE, Stack J, Nolan JM Nutrition, Ageing, Older People, Mental Health, Alzheimer's Disease P URPOSE. To investigate the relationship between specific mac- ular pigment (MP) spatial profiles and risk fac ...

A review of the evidence germane to the putative protective role of the macular carotenoids forage-related macular degeneration

Sabour-Pickett S, Nolan JM, Loughman J, Beatty S Nutrition, Ageing, Older People, Mental Health, Alzheimer's Disease T here is a consensus that age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the result of (photo)- oxidative-induced retinal injury and its ...

A systematic review of the effectiveness of lifestyle interventions for the prevention of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in routine practice.

10.14655/743983-900692 Public Health England Lifestyle interventions, Prevention, Type 2 diabetes mellitus This document updates and extends a previously conducted systematic review and meta-analysis assessing the effectiveness of ‘real-world’ interventio ...

A systematic review of the relationship between staff perceptions of organizational readiness to change and the process of innovation adoption in substance misuse treatment programs.

. 10.14655/11971-1097335 Peter Kelly, Josephine Hegarty, Joseph Barry, Kyle R Dyer, Aine Horgan Substance Misuse, Drug Problems. Fuel Poverty Health Inequalities Systematic Reviews Other Reviews http://www.drugsandalcohol.ie/27435 © Public 1 January 2017 R ...

Acamprosate for alcohol dependence

Rosner, S. et al Alcohol dependency Alcohol dependence is among the main leading health risk factors in most developed and developing countries. Therapeutic success of psychosocial programs for relapse prevention is moderate, but could potentially be incr ...

Acetaminophen (paracetamol) for the common cold in adults

Li, S., et al Safety, Aetaminophen, Treatment, Common cold, Adult The common cold is the most frequent viral infection of the upper respiratory tract. Adults in the US experience two to four colds per year. The symptoms of the common cold usually include ...

Active labor market programme participation for unemployment insurance recipients

Filges T. et al Unemployment, Insurance, Labour market Many countries during the 1990s introduced Active Labour Market Programmes (ALMPs) in an effort to reduce unemployment. In countries such as Australia, USA, Denmark, Sweden, England and Switzerland, p ...

Acupuncture and related interventions for smoking cessation

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Acupuncture for hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy in neonates

Wong, V., Cheuk, DLK., and Chu, V. Acupuncture, Mortality, Morbidity, Neonate, Infant, Newborn Hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) occurs in newborn infants when they lack oxygen in the peripartum period. HIE causes significant morbidity and mortality. ...

Acupuncture for Mumps in Children

He, Jing et al Acupuncture, Children, Mumps. Mumps is an acute, viral illness transmitted by respiratory droplets and saliva. A number of studies published in China have suggested that acupuncture is beneficial for children with mumps but the literature r ...

Acupuncture for stress urinary incontinence in adults

Wang, Y., et al Acupuncture, Stress urinary incontinence, Adults Stress urinary incontinence is a common disease among older people, especially women. The symptoms are leakage of urine when the person coughs, laughs or exercises. It affects social, psycho ...

Adult consequences of late adolescent alcohol consumption: a systematic review of cohort studies.

Background Alcohol is responsible for a significant portion of the global burden of disease. There is widespread concern reported in the media and other sources about drinking trends among young people, particularly heavy episodic or â?obingeâ? drinking. ...

Advocacy interventions to reduce or eliminate violence and promote the physical and psychosocial wellbeing of women who experience intimate partner abuse

Ramsay, J. et al. Partner abuse, Violence, Domestic violence Intimate partner abuse is common in all societies and damages the health of survivors and their children in the short and long term. Advocacy may decrease the impact of this abuse on women' ...

Alcohol and drug screening of occupational drivers for preventing injury

Cashman, C.M., et al Alcohol, Drug screening, Injury Workforce alcohol and drug testing is commonplace but its effect in reducing occupational injuries remains unclear. The objective of this review is to assess the effects of alcohol and drug screening of ...

Alcohol ignition interlock programmes for reducing drink driving recidivism

Willis, C., Lybrand, S. and Bellamy, N. Drink driver, Recidivism, Alcohol consumption An ignition interlock device is part of a multi-dimensional programme aimed at reducing recidivism in convicted drink drivers. To operate a vehicle equipped with an igni ...

Alcohol-related and hepatocellular cancer deaths by country of birth in England and Wales: analysis of mortality and census data.

BACKGROUND: The incidence of and mortality from alcohol-related conditions, liver disease and hepatocellular cancer (HCC) are increasing in the UK. We compared mortality rates by country of birth to explore potential inequalities and inform clinical and p ...

Alpha-glucosidase inhibitors for people with impaired glucose tolerance or impaired fasting blood glucose

Van da Laar, F. et al Alpha-glucosidase inhibitors, Blood glucose Alpha-glucosidase inhibitors (AGIs) reduce blood glucose levels and may thus prevent type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease in patients with impaired glucose tolerance (IGT). These poss ...

Alternative versus standard packages of antenatal care for low-risk pregnancy

Dowswell, T. et al Antenatal care The number of visits for antenatal (prenatal) care developed without evidence of how many visits are necessary. The content of each visit also needs evaluation. The objective of this review is to compare the effects of an ...

Alternatives to inpatient mental health care for children and young people

Shepperd, S. et al Mental health services Current policy in the UK and elsewhere places emphasis on the provision of mental health services in the least restrictive setting, whilst also recognising that some children will require inpatient care. As a resu ...