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Systematic reviews

Learning from the Consultation on a Healthy Workplace Framework for Ireland

Mc Avoy, H. Institute of Public Health in Ireland Workplace Health 10.1136/oemed-2018-ICOHabstracts.608 IPH designed, delivered and analysed the consultation process used to inform the development of a new national policy on healthy workplaces in Ireland. ...

The potential of neuroimaging for identifying predictors of adolescent alcohol use initiation and misuse.

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Dysfunction in brain regions underlying impulse control, reward processing and executive function have been associated previously with adolescent alcohol misuse. However, identifying pre-existing neurobiological risk factors, as disti ...

Time to review the provision of addiction treatment for codeine dependence.

Letter to the editors:.....People who take codeine for valid reasons may require higher doses over time, and this can develop into dependence. Once dependent, people are likely to start doctor and pharmacy â?oshoppingâ? or stealing to consume high doses ...

Same crime: different punishment? Investigating sentencing disparities between Irish and non-Irish nationals in the Irish criminal justice system.

Irelandâ?Ts economic growth from the late 1990s prompted sustained and diverse inward migration, resulting in substantial changes in the population and reshaping the social and cultural landscape. These shifts have also been visible among those processed ...

Drug affordability-potential tool for comparing illicit drug markets.

BACKGROUND The importance of illicit drug price data and making appropriate adjustments for purity has been repeatedly highlighted for understanding illicit drug markets. The European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction (EMCDDA) has been collec ...

Impact of tobacco control policies on smoking prevalence and quit ratios in 27 European Union countries from 2006 to 2014.

. Ariadna Feliu, Fillipos T Filippidis, Luk Joossens, Geoffrey T Fong, Constantine I Vardavas, Antoni Baena, Yoladnda Castellano, Cristina Martínez, Esteve Fernandez. http://www.drugsandalcohol.ie/28618 Public 1 March 2018 Article National Drugs Library N ...

Is problem alcohol use being detected and treated in Irish general practice?

BACKGROUND: The pattern of alcohol consumption in Ireland has serious societal and health consequences. General practice is well placed to screen for problem alcohol use and to carry out brief interventions. The aims of this study were to investigate the ...

A longitudinal qualitative analysis of the lived experience of the recovery process in opioid-dependent patients post-detoxification.

The aim of the study was to gain an in-depth understanding of opioid-dependent patients' lived experiences post-detoxification. METHOD The study employed a naturalistic, observational longitudinal design, involving baseline screening and tracking of ...

A cost-effectiveness analysis of school-based suicide prevention programmes.

Suicide is one of the leading causes of death among young people globally. In light of emerging evidence supporting the effectiveness of school-based suicide prevention programmes, an analysis of cost-effectiveness is required. We aimed to conduct a full ...

Health and social care workers' perceptions of NPS use in Northern Ireland.

BACKGROUND The EU Early Warning System currently monitors more than 560 new psychoactive substances, far outweighing the total number of illicit drugs under international control. Due to the recent emergence of NPS and rapidly changing nature of the marke ...

Attitudes of Irish patients with chronic pain towards medicinal cannabis.

. Ciaran Rochford, Deidre Edgeworth, Mohammad Hashim, Dominic Harmon. http://www.drugsandalcohol.ie/28551 Public 1 February 2018 Article National Drugs Library No 4676 0 1518186490 28551 No ALCOHOL CONSUMPTION;HEALTH;DRUGS MISUSE ...

How academics and service providers are working together to inform drug policy in Ireland.

Since 2015, the LSEâ?Ts International Drug Policy Unit has been working with local partners the Ana Liffey Drug Project to help foster a new era of progressive drug policies in Ireland. Tony Duffin outlines the scale of Irelandâ?Ts drug problem and how th ...

Health and social problems associated with recent novel psychoactive substance (NPS) use amongst marginalised, nightlife and online users in six European countries.

. Marie Claire Van Hout, Annemieke Benschop, Michal Bujalski, K Dabrowska, Zsolt Demetrovics, Katalin Felvinczi, Evelyn Hearne, Susana Henriques, Zsuzsa Kalo, Gerrit Kamphausen, Dirk Korf, Joana Paula Silva, Lukasz Wieczorek, Bernd Wese. http://www.drugsan ...

Evidence from qualitative studies of youth about the impacts of tobacco control policy on young people in Europe: a systematic review.

Introduction A range of tobacco control policies endeavour to prevent smoking uptake in young people, yet relatively little is known about how such interventions impact young people's engagement with smoking. We reviewed existing qualitative evidence ...

Self-harm among the homeless population in Ireland: A national registry-based study of incidence and associated factors.

. Peter Barrett, Eve Griffin, Paul Corcoran, Mary O'Mahony, Ella Arensman. http://www.drugsandalcohol.ie/28457 Public 1 January 2018 Article National Drugs Library No 4676 0 1516268068 28457 No HEALTH;SUBSTANCE MISUSE;DRUG MISUSE ...

Microsystems of recovery in homeless services: The influence of service provider values on service users' recovery experiences.

There is still much to learn about how aspects of the ecology of homelessness shape homeless adults' recovery experiences. In the present mixed-methods study, the relationship of service providers' work-related values to their service users' ...

Traumatic brain injury and co-occurring problems in prison populations: A systematic review.

BACKGROUND: A growing body of epidemiological research suggests high rates of traumatic brain injury (TBI) in prisoners. The aim of this review is to systematically explore the literature surrounding the rates of TBI and their co-occurrences in a prison p ...

Intentional drug overdose involving pregabalin and gabapentin: findings from the National Self-Harm Registry Ireland, 2007-2015.

INTRODUCTION Intentional drug overdose (IDO) is a significant public health problem. Concerns about the misuse of gabapentinoids, i.e. pregabalin and gabapentin, including their consumption in IDO have grown in recent years. This paper examines the trends ...

The associations among personality, alcohol-related Protective Behavioural Strategies (PBS), alcohol consumption and sexual intercourse in Irish, female college students.

. Sinead Moylett, Brian M Hughes. http://www.drugsandalcohol.ie/28433 Public 1 December 2017 Article National Drugs Library No 4676 0 1515513721 28433 No ALCOHOL CONSUMPTION;HEALTH;SUBSTANCE MISUSE ...

Cross-section and panel estimates of peer effects in early adolescent cannabis use: With a little help from my 'friends once removed'.

Peer effects in adolescent cannabis are difficult to estimate, due in part to the lack of appropriate data on behaviour and social ties. This paper exploits survey data that have many desirable properties and have not previously been used for this purpose ...