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Systematic reviews

Reply to Ackermann

Ross MacKenzie, Wendy Rogers Public Health Ethics   Evan Ackermann’s (2015) response on behalf of the Royal Australian College of General Practitioners (RACGP) to our article (MacKenzie and Rogers, 2015) largely reiterates previous criticisms levelled by ...

Ethical Criteria for Human Challenge Studies in Infectious Diseases

Ben Bambery, Michael Selgelid, Charles Weijer, Julian Savulescu, Andrew J. Pollard Public Health Ethics Abstract Purposeful infection of healthy volunteers with a microbial pathogen seems at odds with acceptable ethical standards, but is an important cont ...

It’s a Shame! Stigma Against Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder: Examining the Ethical Implications for Public Health Practices and Policies

Emily Bell, Gail Andrew, Nina Di Pietro, Albert E. Chudley, James N. Reynolds, Eric Racine Public Health Ethics Abstract Stigma can influence the prevention and identification of fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD), a leading cause of developmental del ...

The Return of Lombroso? Ethical Aspects of (Visions of) Preventive Forensic Screening

Christian Munthe, Susanna Radovic Public Health Ethics Abstract The vision of legendary criminologist Cesare Lombroso to use scientific theories of individual causes of crime as a basis for screening and prevention programmes targeting individuals at risk ...

Is Antimicrobial Resistance a Slowly Emerging Disaster?

A. M. Viens, Jasper Littmann Public Health Ethics Abstract The problem of antimicrobial resistance is so dire that people are predicting that the era of antibiotics may be coming to an end, ushering in a ‘post-antibiotic’ era. A comprehensive policy respo ...

The Ethical Significance of Antimicrobial Resistance

Jasper Littmann, A. M. Viens Public Health Ethics Abstract In this paper, we provide a state-of-the-art overview of the ethical challenges that arise in the context of antimicrobial resistance (AMR), which includes an introduction to the contributions to ...

Caribbean Heat Threatens Health, Well-being and the Future of Humanity

Cheryl C. Macpherson, Muge Akpinar-Elci Public Health Ethics Abstract Climate change has substantial impacts on public health and safety, disease risks and the provision of health care, with the poor being particularly disadvantaged. Management of the ass ...

A Global Public Goods Approach to the Health of Migrants

Heather Widdows, Herjeet Marway Public Health Ethics Abstract This paper explores a global public goods approach to the health of migrants. It suggests that this approach establishes that there are a number of health goods which must be provided to migran ...

The Restaurant Food Hot Potato: Stop Passing it on—A Commentary on Mah and Timming’s, ‘Equity in Public Health Ethics: The Case of Menu Labelling Policy at the Local Level’

Kathryn L. MacKay Public Health Ethics Abstract In the case discussion, ‘Equity in Public Health Ethics: The Case of Menu Labelling Policy at the Local Level’ (2014), Mah and Timming state that menu labelling would ‘place requirements for information disc ...

Learning from the Consultation on a Healthy Workplace Framework for Ireland

Mc Avoy, H. Institute of Public Health in Ireland Workplace Health 10.1136/oemed-2018-ICOHabstracts.608 IPH designed, delivered and analysed the consultation process used to inform the development of a new national policy on healthy workplaces in Ireland. ...

The potential of neuroimaging for identifying predictors of adolescent alcohol use initiation and misuse.

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Dysfunction in brain regions underlying impulse control, reward processing and executive function have been associated previously with adolescent alcohol misuse. However, identifying pre-existing neurobiological risk factors, as disti ...

Time to review the provision of addiction treatment for codeine dependence.

Letter to the editors:.....People who take codeine for valid reasons may require higher doses over time, and this can develop into dependence. Once dependent, people are likely to start doctor and pharmacy â?oshoppingâ? or stealing to consume high doses ...

Same crime: different punishment? Investigating sentencing disparities between Irish and non-Irish nationals in the Irish criminal justice system.

Irelandâ?Ts economic growth from the late 1990s prompted sustained and diverse inward migration, resulting in substantial changes in the population and reshaping the social and cultural landscape. These shifts have also been visible among those processed ...

Drug affordability-potential tool for comparing illicit drug markets.

BACKGROUND The importance of illicit drug price data and making appropriate adjustments for purity has been repeatedly highlighted for understanding illicit drug markets. The European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction (EMCDDA) has been collec ...

Impact of tobacco control policies on smoking prevalence and quit ratios in 27 European Union countries from 2006 to 2014.

. Ariadna Feliu, Fillipos T Filippidis, Luk Joossens, Geoffrey T Fong, Constantine I Vardavas, Antoni Baena, Yoladnda Castellano, Cristina Martínez, Esteve Fernandez. http://www.drugsandalcohol.ie/28618 Public 1 March 2018 Article National Drugs Library N ...

Is problem alcohol use being detected and treated in Irish general practice?

BACKGROUND: The pattern of alcohol consumption in Ireland has serious societal and health consequences. General practice is well placed to screen for problem alcohol use and to carry out brief interventions. The aims of this study were to investigate the ...

A longitudinal qualitative analysis of the lived experience of the recovery process in opioid-dependent patients post-detoxification.

The aim of the study was to gain an in-depth understanding of opioid-dependent patients' lived experiences post-detoxification. METHOD The study employed a naturalistic, observational longitudinal design, involving baseline screening and tracking of ...

A cost-effectiveness analysis of school-based suicide prevention programmes.

Suicide is one of the leading causes of death among young people globally. In light of emerging evidence supporting the effectiveness of school-based suicide prevention programmes, an analysis of cost-effectiveness is required. We aimed to conduct a full ...

Health and social care workers' perceptions of NPS use in Northern Ireland.

BACKGROUND The EU Early Warning System currently monitors more than 560 new psychoactive substances, far outweighing the total number of illicit drugs under international control. Due to the recent emergence of NPS and rapidly changing nature of the marke ...

Attitudes of Irish patients with chronic pain towards medicinal cannabis.

. Ciaran Rochford, Deidre Edgeworth, Mohammad Hashim, Dominic Harmon. http://www.drugsandalcohol.ie/28551 Public 1 February 2018 Article National Drugs Library No 4676 0 1518186490 28551 No ALCOHOL CONSUMPTION;HEALTH;DRUGS MISUSE ...