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Impact of institutional smoking bans on reducing harms and secondhand smoke exposure

http://thehealthwell.info/search-results/legislative-smoking-bans-reducing-harms-secondhand-smoke-exposure-smoking-prevalence- Frazer, K., et al Smoking, Smoking cessation, Smoking ban, Legislation, Law, Mortality, Secondhand smoke, Passive smoking, Tobac ...

Legislative smoking bans for reducing harms from secondhand smoke exposure, smoking prevalence and tobacco consumption

10.1002/14651858.CD005992.pub3 Frazer, K., et al Smoking, Smoking cessation, Smoking ban, Legislation, Law, Mortality, Secondhand smoke, Tobacco Smoking bans have been implemented in a variety of settings, as well as being part of policy in many jurisdict ...

A systematic review of the effectiveness of lifestyle interventions for the prevention of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in routine practice.

10.14655/743983-900692 Public Health England Lifestyle interventions, Prevention, Type 2 diabetes mellitus This document updates and extends a previously conducted systematic review and meta-analysis assessing the effectiveness of ‘real-world’ interventio ...

Social support group interventions in people with dementia and mild cognitive impairment: a systematic review of the literature

AbstractDespite the large number of studies evaluating social support groups for people with dementia, there are no systematic reviews of current evidence.The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of social support group interventions for pe ...

Methods to decrease blood loss during liver resection: a network meta-analysis

Simillis, C., et al Blood loss, Elective liver resection Many cancerous and non-cancerous growths that develop in the liver are treated by removing part of the liver (elective liver resection), which is major surgery with high risk of complications. Sever ...

Low molecular weight heparin for prevention of venous thromboembolism in patients with lower-leg immobilization

Testroote, M., et al Low molecular weight heparin, Venous thromboembolism, Patients, Lower-leg immobilization, Ambulant setting Immobilization of the lower limb with plaster cast or brace in adult patients is associated with deep venous thrombosis (DVT). ...

Laparoscopic surgery for endometriosis

Duffy, J.M.N., et al Laparoscopic surgery, Safety, Treatment, Painful symptoms, Subfertility, Endometriosis Background Endometriosis is the presence in inappropriate sites of tissue that normally lines the uterus. It can cause pain and subfertility. Diffe ...

Interventions for treating fingertip entrapment injuries in children

Capstick, R. and Giele, H. Surgical intervention, Conservative interventions, Fingertip entrapment injuries, Children Fingertip entrapment injuries commonly happen in children when their fingertip is caught between the door and the door surround as the do ...

Interventions for iatrogenic inferior alveolar and lingual nerve injury

Coultard, P., et al Interventions, Iatrogenic injury, Inferior alveolar, Lingual nerves The main question addressed by this review is how effective are different treatments and what are the best timings for these treatments following accidental damage dur ...

Information provision for people with multiple sclerosis

Kopke, S., et al Information provision, Interventions, People with MS, Informed choice, Patient-relevant outcomes People with multiple sclerosis (MS) are confronted with many uncertainties in all phases of the disease. For example, the significance of a d ...

Informant Questionnaire on Cognitive Decline in the Elderly (IQCODE) for the diagnosis of dementia within community dwelling populations

Quinn, T.J., et al Questionnaire, IQCODE, Detection, Dementia, Community-dwelling. Adults, Cognitive assessment Various tools exist for initial assessment of possible dementia with no consensus on the optimal assessment method. Instruments that use collat ...

Indwelling bladder catheterisation as part of intraoperative and postoperative care for caesarean section

Abdel-Aleem, H., et al Indwelling bladder catheterisation, Intraoperative, Postoperative care, Women, Caesaren section (CS) Caesaren section (CS) has become the most common obstetric surgery, with one in three of pregnant women having a caesarean delivery ...

Immune tolerance induction for treating inhibitors in people with congenital haemophilia A or B

Athale, A.H., et al Immune tolerance induction, Inhibitors, Congenital haemophilia A or B Haemophilia A and B are inherited bleeding disorders, where affected people are missing a clotting factor in their blood, which is needed for normal blood clotting. ...

Healthcare outcomes assessed with observational study designs compared with those assessed in randomized trials

Anglemyer, A., et al Observational study design Researchers and organizations often use evidence from randomized controlled trials (RCTs) to determine the efficacy of a treatment or intervention under ideal conditions, while studies of observational desig ...

Gabapentin for chronic neuropathic pain and fibromyalgia in adults

Moore, R.A., et al Gabapentin, Chronic neuropathic pain, Fibromyalgia Neuropathic pain is pain coming from damaged nerves. It differs from pain messages carried along healthy nerves from damaged tissue (a fall, cut, or arthritic knee). Neuropathic pain is ...

Fixed-dose combination therapy for the prevention of cardiovascular disease

de Cates, A.N., et al Fixed-dose combination therapy, Fatal CVD, Non-fatal CVD, Bloodpressure, Lipid CVD, Risk factor, Prevention Cardiovascular diseases (CVD), including heart attacks and strokes, are the leading cause of death and disability worldwide. ...

Exercise-based rehabilitation for heart failure

Taylor, R.S., et al Exercise-based rehabilitation, Mortality, Hospital admissions, Morbidity. Quality of life Background People with heart failure experience marked reductions in their exercise capacity, which has detrimental effects on their activities o ...

Effectiveness of different treatment modalities for the management of adult-onset granulosa cell tumours of the ovary (primary and recurrent)

Gurumurthy, M. et al Treatment modality, Granulosa cell tumours (GCTs), Ovary, Tumor Granulosa cell tumours (GCTs) of the ovary are rare ovarian tumours (2% to 5% of all ovarian cancers). Most ovarian tumours arise from the outer surface layer of the ovar ...

Different regimens of intravenous sedatives or hypnotics for electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) in adult patients with depression

Lihua, P. et al Intravenous sedative, Hypnotics, Anti-depression, Seizure, ECT. Depression is a common mental disorder. It can present as loss of interest or pleasure, sadness, disturbed sleep or appetite, feelings of guilt or low self worth. In 2008, the ...

Cognitive behavioural therapy (brief versus standard duration) for schizophrenia

Naeem, F. et al Schizophrenia, Mental wellbeing People with schizophrenia often hear voices or see things (hallucinations) and have strange beliefs (delusions). Characteristics of the illness are disordered thoughts, feelings, beliefs and perceptions. Peo ...