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The potential of neuroimaging for identifying predictors of adolescent alcohol use initiation and misuse.

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Dysfunction in brain regions underlying impulse control, reward processing and executive function have been associated previously with adolescent alcohol misuse. However, identifying pre-existing neurobiological risk factors, as disti ...

Time to review the provision of addiction treatment for codeine dependence.

Letter to the editors:.....People who take codeine for valid reasons may require higher doses over time, and this can develop into dependence. Once dependent, people are likely to start doctor and pharmacy â?oshoppingâ? or stealing to consume high doses ...

Same crime: different punishment? Investigating sentencing disparities between Irish and non-Irish nationals in the Irish criminal justice system.

Irelandâ?Ts economic growth from the late 1990s prompted sustained and diverse inward migration, resulting in substantial changes in the population and reshaping the social and cultural landscape. These shifts have also been visible among those processed ...

Is problem alcohol use being detected and treated in Irish general practice?

BACKGROUND: The pattern of alcohol consumption in Ireland has serious societal and health consequences. General practice is well placed to screen for problem alcohol use and to carry out brief interventions. The aims of this study were to investigate the ...

Health and social care workers' perceptions of NPS use in Northern Ireland.

BACKGROUND The EU Early Warning System currently monitors more than 560 new psychoactive substances, far outweighing the total number of illicit drugs under international control. Due to the recent emergence of NPS and rapidly changing nature of the marke ...

Attitudes of Irish patients with chronic pain towards medicinal cannabis.

. Ciaran Rochford, Deidre Edgeworth, Mohammad Hashim, Dominic Harmon. http://www.drugsandalcohol.ie/28551 Public 1 February 2018 Article National Drugs Library No 4676 0 1518186490 28551 No ALCOHOL CONSUMPTION;HEALTH;DRUGS MISUSE ...

How academics and service providers are working together to inform drug policy in Ireland.

Since 2015, the LSEâ?Ts International Drug Policy Unit has been working with local partners the Ana Liffey Drug Project to help foster a new era of progressive drug policies in Ireland. Tony Duffin outlines the scale of Irelandâ?Ts drug problem and how th ...

Health and social problems associated with recent novel psychoactive substance (NPS) use amongst marginalised, nightlife and online users in six European countries.

. Marie Claire Van Hout, Annemieke Benschop, Michal Bujalski, K Dabrowska, Zsolt Demetrovics, Katalin Felvinczi, Evelyn Hearne, Susana Henriques, Zsuzsa Kalo, Gerrit Kamphausen, Dirk Korf, Joana Paula Silva, Lukasz Wieczorek, Bernd Wese. http://www.drugsan ...

Self-harm among the homeless population in Ireland: A national registry-based study of incidence and associated factors.

. Peter Barrett, Eve Griffin, Paul Corcoran, Mary O'Mahony, Ella Arensman. http://www.drugsandalcohol.ie/28457 Public 1 January 2018 Article National Drugs Library No 4676 0 1516268068 28457 No HEALTH;SUBSTANCE MISUSE;DRUG MISUSE ...

Microsystems of recovery in homeless services: The influence of service provider values on service users' recovery experiences.

There is still much to learn about how aspects of the ecology of homelessness shape homeless adults' recovery experiences. In the present mixed-methods study, the relationship of service providers' work-related values to their service users' ...

Traumatic brain injury and co-occurring problems in prison populations: A systematic review.

BACKGROUND: A growing body of epidemiological research suggests high rates of traumatic brain injury (TBI) in prisoners. The aim of this review is to systematically explore the literature surrounding the rates of TBI and their co-occurrences in a prison p ...

Intentional drug overdose involving pregabalin and gabapentin: findings from the National Self-Harm Registry Ireland, 2007-2015.

INTRODUCTION Intentional drug overdose (IDO) is a significant public health problem. Concerns about the misuse of gabapentinoids, i.e. pregabalin and gabapentin, including their consumption in IDO have grown in recent years. This paper examines the trends ...

The associations among personality, alcohol-related Protective Behavioural Strategies (PBS), alcohol consumption and sexual intercourse in Irish, female college students.

. Sinead Moylett, Brian M Hughes. http://www.drugsandalcohol.ie/28433 Public 1 December 2017 Article National Drugs Library No 4676 0 1515513721 28433 No ALCOHOL CONSUMPTION;HEALTH;SUBSTANCE MISUSE ...

Cross-section and panel estimates of peer effects in early adolescent cannabis use: With a little help from my 'friends once removed'.

Peer effects in adolescent cannabis are difficult to estimate, due in part to the lack of appropriate data on behaviour and social ties. This paper exploits survey data that have many desirable properties and have not previously been used for this purpose ...

Medical student INtervention to promote effective nicotine dependence and tobacco HEalthcare (MIND-THE-GAP): single-centre feasibility randomised trial results.

BACKGROUND Although brief cessation advice from healthcare professionals increases quit rates, smokers typically do not get this advice during hospitalisation, possibly due to resource issues, lack of training and professionals' own attitudes to prov ...

Alcohol Involvement in suicide and self-harm.

BACKGROUND: Alcohol misuse and alcohol consumption are significant risk factors for suicidal behavior. AIMS: This study sought to identify factors associated with alcohol consumption in cases of suicide and nonfatal self-harm presentations. METHOD: Suicid ...

Mental health difficulties and suicidal behaviours among young migrants: multicentre study of European adolescents.

Background: Migration has been reported to be associated with higher prevalence of mental disorders and suicidal behaviour. Aims: To examine the prevalence of emotional and behavioural difficulties, suicidal ideation and suicide attempts among migrant ado ...

Shared and divergent neural reactivity to non-drug operant response outcomes in current smokers and ex-smokers.

Addiction to cigarettes presents with considerable health risks and induces high costs on healthcare resources. While the majority of cigarette smokers endorse the desire to quit, only a small percentage of quit attempts lead to full abstinence. Failure t ...

Risky sex behaviours among college students: The psychosocial profile.

AIMS Risky sex behaviours among college students are a growing public health concern. However, few studies have profiled these behaviours using a large range of psychosocial correlates. METHODS Participants were 6874 undergraduate and postgraduate student ...

Tackling a silent killer through screening.

In Ireland there are between 20,100 and 42,000 people with HCV infection, 60% of whom are are as yet undiagnosed. New national clinical guidelines on hepatitis C screening was developed to make recommendations on who should be screened for HCV and how tha ...