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Campbell Reviews

Effectiveness of different treatment modalities for the management of adult-onset granulosa cell tumours of the ovary (primary and recurrent)

Gurumurthy, M. et al Treatment modality, Granulosa cell tumours (GCTs), Ovary, Tumor Granulosa cell tumours (GCTs) of the ovary are rare ovarian tumours (2% to 5% of all ovarian cancers). Most ovarian tumours arise from the outer surface layer of the ovar ...

Kinship Care for the Safety, Permanency, and Well-Being of Children Removed from the Home for Maltreatment: A Systematic Review

Winokur, M. Foster care placement, Safety, Well-being, Children, Removal from home, Maltreatment. Every year a large number of children around the world are removed from their homes because they are maltreated. Child welfare agencies are responsible for p ...

Educational and Skills-Based Interventions for Preventing Relationship and Dating Violence in Adolescents and Young Adults: A Systematic Review

Fellmeth, G. et al Educational skills-based intervention, Relationship, Dating, Violence, Adolescent, Young adult Educational and skills-based interventions are often used to prevent relationship and dating violence among young people. Systematic Reviews ...

Psychoanalytic/Psychodynamic Psychotherapy for Children and Adolescents Who Have Been Sexually Abused: A Systematic Review

Parker, B. and Turner, W. To assess the effectiveness of psychoanalytic/psychodynamic psychotherapy for children and adolescents who have been sexually abused. The sexual abuse of children and adolescents is a significant worldwide problem. It is associat ...

Pre-Graduation Transition Services for Persons with Autism Spectrum Disorders: Effects on Employment Outcomes

westbrook, JD., et al To determine the effectiveness of pre-graduation interventions aimed at persons with autism spectrum disorders to shape behaviors, social interactions, and/or skills that result in employment in mainstream competitive employment sett ...

Interventions for Promoting Reintegration and ReducingHarmful Behaviour and Lifestyles in Street-connected Children and Young People: A Systematic Review

Coren, E., et al Interventions, Street-connected children Numbers of street-connected children and young people run into many millions worldwide and include children and young people who live or work in street environments. Whether or not they remain conn ...

Unemployment Benefit Exhaustion: Incentive Effects on Job Finding Rates: A Systematic Review

Filges, T., et al To study the impact of exhaustion of unemployment benefits In order to reduce unemployment levels, policymakers may wish to reduce the generosity of the unemployment system. While it may be politically intractable to lower the amount of ...

Interventions to Reduce Distress in Adult Victims of Sexual Violence and Rape: A Systematic Review

Regehr, C., et al Psychotherapeutic interventions, Symptoms of distress, Trauma, Victims, Sexual assault, Rape Beginning with the articulation of Rape Trauma Syndrome (Burgess 1974), the traumatic aftermath of sexual assault on victims has become a focus ...

Housing Improvements for Health and Associated Socio-economic Outcomes: A Systematic Review

Thomson, H., et al Social impact, Residents, Housing, Living standards The well established links between poor housing and poor health indicate that housing improvement may be an important mechanism through which public investment can lead to health impro ...

Interventions in Developing Nations for Improving Primary and Secondary School Enrollment of Children: A Systematic Review

Petrosino, A., et al Education BACKGROUND Education is considered critical to economic development and social welfare in developing nations. In light of compelling evidence that links expanded education systems and socioeconomic development while highligh ...

The Effectiveness of Incarceration-Based Drug Treatment on Criminal Behavior: A Systematic Review

Mitchell, O., Wilson, D. and Layton MacKenzie, D. Effectiveness of incarceration-based drug treatment programs in reducing post-release recidivism and drug relapse Many, if not most, incarcerated offenders have substance abuse problems. Without effective ...

Workplace Disability Management Programs Promoting Return to Work: A Systematic Review

Gensby, U., et al Effectiveness of workplace disability management programs This report presents a Campbell systematic review on the effectiveness of workplace disability management programs (WPDM programs) promoting return to work (RTW), as implemented a ...

Indicated truancy interventions: Effects on school attendance among chronic truant students

Maynard, B.R., et al Intervention, School attendance, Policy, Practice, Research Truancy is a significant problem in the U.S. and in other countries around the world. Truancy has been linked to serious immediate and far-reaching consequences for youth, fa ...

Interventions to reduce the prevalence of female genital mutilation/cutting in African countries

Berg, R.C. and Denison, E. Mutilation This systematic review aimed to answer the following research questions: 1. What is the effectiveness of interventions designed to reduce the prevalence of female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C) compared to no or o ...

The effects of hot spots policing on crime

Braga, A., Papachristos, A. and Hureau, D. To assess the effects of focused police crime prevention interventions at crime hot spots In recent years, crime scholars and practitioners have pointed to the potential benefits of focusing crime prevention effo ...

The effects of stress management interventions among police officers and recruits

Patterson, G., Chung, I. and Swan, P.G. The objectives of this systematic review were to identify, retrieve, evaluate and synthesize the available evidence regarding outcomes of stress management interventions provided to veteran police officers and recru ...

The effects of "Pulling Levers" focused deterrence strategies on crime

Braga, A. and Weisburd, D. To synthesize the extant evaluation literature and assess the effects of pulling levers focused deterrence strategies on crime A number of American police departments have been experimenting with new problem-oriented policing fr ...

Effectiveness of adult employment assistance services for persons with autism spectrum disorders

Westbrook, J.D., Nye, C. andFong, C.J. Adult, Employment, Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) The incidence of Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) has been increasing over the last two decades. Currently, 1 in 110 children are identified with ASD in the United St ...

Scared Straight and other juvenile awareness programs for preventing juvenile deliquency

Petrosino, A, Turpin-Petrosino, C. and Buehler, J. Detering future juvenile offending Programs like 'Scared Straight' involve organized visits to prison facilities by juvenile delinquents or children at risk for becoming delinquent. The programs ...

The effects of hot spots policing on crime

Braga, A.A. Crime prevention In recent years, crime scholars and practitioners have pointed to the potential benefits of focusing crime prevention efforts on crime places. A number of studies suggest that crime is not spread evenly across city landscapes. ...