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Reports

Evidence from qualitative studies of youth about the impacts of tobacco control policy on young people in Europe: a systematic review.

Introduction A range of tobacco control policies endeavour to prevent smoking uptake in young people, yet relatively little is known about how such interventions impact young people's engagement with smoking. We reviewed existing qualitative evidence ...

Alcohol control policies and alcohol consumption: an international comparison of 167 countries.

BACKGROUND Alcohol control policy has a fundamental role in limiting negative health, economic and social harm caused by alcohol consumption. However, there is substantial international heterogeneity in country-level policy adoption, implementation and mo ...

National prevalence study. Do the findings from the Greentown study of children's involvement in criminal networks (2015) extend beyond Greentown? Interim report.

. Sean Redmond, Catherine Naughton This national prevalence survey aimed to identify whether the findings from the original study (2015), based on a single case study design, extends beyond Greentown. A survey method conducted with a national set of expert ...

Treatment for opioid use and outcomes in older adults: a systematic literature review.

. Anne Marie Carew, Catherine Comiskey. Research and Evaluation Report http://www.drugsandalcohol.ie/28129 Public 1 January 2018 Article National Drugs Library No 4676 0 1514902349 28129 No ALCOHOL CONSUMPTION;SUBSTANCE MISUSE;RESEARCH ...

Exposure to substance use prevention messages among adolescents. Short report.

This issue of The CBHSQ Report examines adolescents' exposure to substance use prevention messages using US data from the 2002 to 2015 National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH). It also uses 2015 NSDUH data to examine exposure to prevention mess ...

Role of nurses in alcohol and drug treatment services.

. Royal College of Nursing, Association of Nurses in Substance Abuse, National Substance Misuse Non-Medical Prescribing Forum, Public Health England Drug treatment This resource is to assist commissioners and providers of specialist adult alcohol and drug ...

How do individuals develop alcohol use disorder after bariatric surgery? A grounded theory exploration.

BACKGROUND: Bariatric surgery is the most effective treatment for severe obesity. However, following Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) surgery, a small minority of patients develop new-onset alcohol use disorder (AUD), the aetiology of which is poorly under ...

Irish General Practitioner (GP) perspectives toward decriminalisation, legalisation and cannabis for Therapeutic Purposes (CTP).

. Marie Claire Van Hout, Claire Collins, Ide Delargy, Des Crowley Illicit Drugs Research and Evaluation Report http://www.drugsandalcohol.ie/27072 Public 1 January 2017 Article National Drugs Library No 4676 0 1499853200 27072 No ALCOHOL CONSUMPTION;SUBSTA ...

An Investigation into the Partnership Process of Community Based Health Promotion for Men

Waterford Institute of Technology Partnership, Men's Health Working in partnership offers service providers an opportunity to support one another and to maximise their collective resources. Effective partnerships underpin effective interventions wher ...

Report on the State of Men's Health across 17 European Countries

European Men's Health Forum Men's Health, Health Inequity  This publication examines a broad range of men's health issues and health inequalities throughout 17 European countries. Request Full Article Health Inequalities Research and Evalua ...

Smokers and ex-smokers have shared differences in the neural substrates for potential monetary gains and losses.

Despite an increased understanding of nicotine addiction, there is a scarcity of research comparing the neural correlates of non-drug reward between smokers and ex-smokers. Long-term changes in reward-related brain functioning for non-drug incentives may ...

Quality assurance in drug demand reduction in European countries: an overview.

. Marica Ferri, Sonia Dias, Alessandra Bo, Danilo Ballotta, Roland Simon, Giuseppe Carra. Research and Evaluation Report http://www.drugsandalcohol.ie/26376 Public 1 January 2018 Article National Drugs Library No 4676 0 1518695773 26376 No SUBSTANCE MISUSE ...

Progressive white matter impairment as a predictor of outcome in a cohort of opioid-dependent patient's post-detoxification.

White matter impairment is associated with opioid dependence. However, the specific neuropathology related to opioid dependence is still not fully understood. The main aims of this study were to: (1) assess the association between white matter impairment ...

Philosophy, Psychiatry and the Schreber Case

Lees, Lorna; Schreber Case; Philosophy; Psychiatry; Daniel Paul Schreber (1842-1911) was a lawyer and judge, who wrote and published an account of his experiences in an asylum. This account was analysed by Freud, who believed that Schreber's dementia ...

Remodelling by early-life stress of NMDA receptor-dependent synaptic plasticity in a gene-environment rat model of depression.

ROWAN, MICHAEL; ANWYL, ROGER; Neuroscience; synaptic transmission; depression; NMDA receptor; An animal model of depression combining genetic vulnerability and early-life stress (ELS) was prepared by submitting the Flinders Sensitive Line (FSL) rats to a ...

Amyloid-β protein dimers isolated directly from Alzheimer's brains impair synaptic plasticity and memory.

ROWAN, MICHAEL; Neuroscience; Alzheimer?s disease (AD); Ageing; Alzheimer?s disease (AD) constitutes a rising threat to public health. Despite extensive research in cellular and animal models, identifying the pathogenic agent present in the human brain an ...

IFN-? Production by Amyloid?-Specific Th1 Cells Promotes Microglial Activation and Increases Plaque Burden in a Mouse Model of Alzheimer's Disease.

MILLS, KINGSTON; LYNCH, MARINA ANNETTA; Th1 cells; Alzheimer?s disease (AD) is characterized by the presence of amyloid-b (Ab)?containing plaques, neurofibrillary tangles, and neuronal loss in the brain. Inflammatory changes, typified by activated microgl ...

Ischemic brain injury: a consortium analysis of key factors involved in mesenchymal stem cell-mediated inflammatory reduction.

LYNCH, MARINA ANNETTA; JAK-STAT signaling; Increasing global birth rate, coupled with the aging population surviving into their eighth decade has lead 26 to increased incidence diseases, hitherto designated as rare. Brain related ischemia, at birth, or la ...

The impact of neuroimmune changes on development of amyloid pathology; relevance to Alzheimer's disease.

LYNCH, MARINA; Alzheimer's disease; Neuroinflammatory changes are a characteristic of several, if not all, neurodegenerative diseases including Alzheimer?s disease (AD) and are typified by increased microglial activation. Microglia express severa ...

Assessing neuronal networks: Understanding Alzheimer's disease

HAMPEL, HARALD; BOKDE, ARUN LAWRENCE WARREN; Psychiatry; Findings derived from neuroimaging of the structural and functional organization of the human brain have led to the widely supported hypothesis that neuronal networks of temporally coordinated brain ...