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Reply to Ackermann

Ross MacKenzie, Wendy Rogers Public Health Ethics   Evan Ackermann’s (2015) response on behalf of the Royal Australian College of General Practitioners (RACGP) to our article (MacKenzie and Rogers, 2015) largely reiterates previous criticisms levelled by ...

Ethical Criteria for Human Challenge Studies in Infectious Diseases

Ben Bambery, Michael Selgelid, Charles Weijer, Julian Savulescu, Andrew J. Pollard Public Health Ethics Abstract Purposeful infection of healthy volunteers with a microbial pathogen seems at odds with acceptable ethical standards, but is an important cont ...

It’s a Shame! Stigma Against Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder: Examining the Ethical Implications for Public Health Practices and Policies

Emily Bell, Gail Andrew, Nina Di Pietro, Albert E. Chudley, James N. Reynolds, Eric Racine Public Health Ethics Abstract Stigma can influence the prevention and identification of fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD), a leading cause of developmental del ...

The Return of Lombroso? Ethical Aspects of (Visions of) Preventive Forensic Screening

Christian Munthe, Susanna Radovic Public Health Ethics Abstract The vision of legendary criminologist Cesare Lombroso to use scientific theories of individual causes of crime as a basis for screening and prevention programmes targeting individuals at risk ...

Is Antimicrobial Resistance a Slowly Emerging Disaster?

A. M. Viens, Jasper Littmann Public Health Ethics Abstract The problem of antimicrobial resistance is so dire that people are predicting that the era of antibiotics may be coming to an end, ushering in a ‘post-antibiotic’ era. A comprehensive policy respo ...

The Ethical Significance of Antimicrobial Resistance

Jasper Littmann, A. M. Viens Public Health Ethics Abstract In this paper, we provide a state-of-the-art overview of the ethical challenges that arise in the context of antimicrobial resistance (AMR), which includes an introduction to the contributions to ...

Caribbean Heat Threatens Health, Well-being and the Future of Humanity

Cheryl C. Macpherson, Muge Akpinar-Elci Public Health Ethics Abstract Climate change has substantial impacts on public health and safety, disease risks and the provision of health care, with the poor being particularly disadvantaged. Management of the ass ...

A Global Public Goods Approach to the Health of Migrants

Heather Widdows, Herjeet Marway Public Health Ethics Abstract This paper explores a global public goods approach to the health of migrants. It suggests that this approach establishes that there are a number of health goods which must be provided to migran ...

The Restaurant Food Hot Potato: Stop Passing it on—A Commentary on Mah and Timming’s, ‘Equity in Public Health Ethics: The Case of Menu Labelling Policy at the Local Level’

Kathryn L. MacKay Public Health Ethics Abstract In the case discussion, ‘Equity in Public Health Ethics: The Case of Menu Labelling Policy at the Local Level’ (2014), Mah and Timming state that menu labelling would ‘place requirements for information disc ...

Learning from the Consultation on a Healthy Workplace Framework for Ireland

Mc Avoy, H. Institute of Public Health in Ireland Workplace Health 10.1136/oemed-2018-ICOHabstracts.608 IPH designed, delivered and analysed the consultation process used to inform the development of a new national policy on healthy workplaces in Ireland. ...

The potential of neuroimaging for identifying predictors of adolescent alcohol use initiation and misuse.

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Dysfunction in brain regions underlying impulse control, reward processing and executive function have been associated previously with adolescent alcohol misuse. However, identifying pre-existing neurobiological risk factors, as disti ...

Alcohol Involvement in suicide and self-harm.

BACKGROUND: Alcohol misuse and alcohol consumption are significant risk factors for suicidal behavior. AIMS: This study sought to identify factors associated with alcohol consumption in cases of suicide and nonfatal self-harm presentations. METHOD: Suicid ...

Exposure to substance use prevention messages among adolescents. Short report.

This issue of The CBHSQ Report examines adolescents' exposure to substance use prevention messages using US data from the 2002 to 2015 National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH). It also uses 2015 NSDUH data to examine exposure to prevention mess ...

Role of nurses in alcohol and drug treatment services.

. Royal College of Nursing, Association of Nurses in Substance Abuse, National Substance Misuse Non-Medical Prescribing Forum, Public Health England Drug treatment This resource is to assist commissioners and providers of specialist adult alcohol and drug ...

Shifting the optimal stiffness for cell migration

Cell migration, which is central to many biological processes including wound healing and cancer progression, is sensitive to environmental stiffness, and many cell types exhibit a stiffness optimum, at which migration is maximal. Here we present a cell m ...

Tracking the Evolution of Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer

Among patients with nonâ?"small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC), data on intratumor heterogeneity and cancer genome evolution have been limited to small retrospective cohorts. We wanted to prospectively investigate intratumor heterogeneity in relation to cl ...

A Class of Environmental and Endogenous Toxins Induces BRCA2 Haploinsufficiency and Genome Instability

Mutations truncating a single copy of the tumor suppressor, BRCA2, cause cancer susceptibility. In cells bearing such heterozygous mutations, we find that a cellular metabolite and ubiquitous environmental toxin, formaldehyde, stalls and destabilizes DNA ...

Dietary sugar intake increases liver tumor incidence in female mice

Overnutrition can promote liver cancer in mice and humans that have liver damage caused by alcohol, viruses, or carcinogens. However, the mechanism linking diet to increased liver tumorigenesis remains unclear in the context of whether tumorigenesis is se ...

The paradox of public holidays: Hospital-treated self-harm and associated factors.

BACKGROUND: Recent research on the patterns of self-harm around public holidays is lacking. This study used national data to examine the patterns of hospital-treated self-harm during public holidays, and to examine associated factors. METHODS: Data on sel ...

Cumulative risk of breast cancer screening outcomes according to the presence of previous benign breast disease and family history of breast cancer: supporting personalised screening

Background: Our aim was to assess the cumulative risk of false-positive screening results, screen-detected cancer, and interval breast cancer in mammography screening among women with and without a previous benign breast disease and a family history of br ...