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Learning from the Consultation on a Healthy Workplace Framework for Ireland

Mc Avoy, H. Institute of Public Health in Ireland Workplace Health 10.1136/oemed-2018-ICOHabstracts.608 IPH designed, delivered and analysed the consultation process used to inform the development of a new national policy on healthy workplaces in Ireland. ...

The potential of neuroimaging for identifying predictors of adolescent alcohol use initiation and misuse.

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Dysfunction in brain regions underlying impulse control, reward processing and executive function have been associated previously with adolescent alcohol misuse. However, identifying pre-existing neurobiological risk factors, as disti ...

Alcohol Involvement in suicide and self-harm.

BACKGROUND: Alcohol misuse and alcohol consumption are significant risk factors for suicidal behavior. AIMS: This study sought to identify factors associated with alcohol consumption in cases of suicide and nonfatal self-harm presentations. METHOD: Suicid ...

Exposure to substance use prevention messages among adolescents. Short report.

This issue of The CBHSQ Report examines adolescents' exposure to substance use prevention messages using US data from the 2002 to 2015 National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH). It also uses 2015 NSDUH data to examine exposure to prevention mess ...

Role of nurses in alcohol and drug treatment services.

. Royal College of Nursing, Association of Nurses in Substance Abuse, National Substance Misuse Non-Medical Prescribing Forum, Public Health England Drug treatment This resource is to assist commissioners and providers of specialist adult alcohol and drug ...

Shifting the optimal stiffness for cell migration

Cell migration, which is central to many biological processes including wound healing and cancer progression, is sensitive to environmental stiffness, and many cell types exhibit a stiffness optimum, at which migration is maximal. Here we present a cell m ...

Tracking the Evolution of Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer

Among patients with nonâ?"small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC), data on intratumor heterogeneity and cancer genome evolution have been limited to small retrospective cohorts. We wanted to prospectively investigate intratumor heterogeneity in relation to cl ...

A Class of Environmental and Endogenous Toxins Induces BRCA2 Haploinsufficiency and Genome Instability

Mutations truncating a single copy of the tumor suppressor, BRCA2, cause cancer susceptibility. In cells bearing such heterozygous mutations, we find that a cellular metabolite and ubiquitous environmental toxin, formaldehyde, stalls and destabilizes DNA ...

Dietary sugar intake increases liver tumor incidence in female mice

Overnutrition can promote liver cancer in mice and humans that have liver damage caused by alcohol, viruses, or carcinogens. However, the mechanism linking diet to increased liver tumorigenesis remains unclear in the context of whether tumorigenesis is se ...

The paradox of public holidays: Hospital-treated self-harm and associated factors.

BACKGROUND: Recent research on the patterns of self-harm around public holidays is lacking. This study used national data to examine the patterns of hospital-treated self-harm during public holidays, and to examine associated factors. METHODS: Data on sel ...

Cumulative risk of breast cancer screening outcomes according to the presence of previous benign breast disease and family history of breast cancer: supporting personalised screening

Background: Our aim was to assess the cumulative risk of false-positive screening results, screen-detected cancer, and interval breast cancer in mammography screening among women with and without a previous benign breast disease and a family history of br ...

Comparison of general obesity and measures of body fat distribution in older adults in relation to cancer risk: meta-analysis of individual participant data of seven prospective cohorts in Europe

We evaluated the associations of anthropometric indicators of general obesity (body mass index, BMI), an established risk factor of various cancer, and body fat distribution (waist circumference, WC; hip circumference, HC; and waist-to-hip ratio, WHR), wh ...

Legitimacy in Policing: A Systematic Review

Mazerolle L. et al Crime, Police, Control, Public cooperation Police require voluntary cooperation from the general public to be effective in controlling crime and maintaining order. Research shows that citizens are more likely to comply and cooperate wit ...

Juvenile Curfew Effects on Criminal Behavior and Victimization

Wilson D.B. et al Curfew, Juvenile The evidence suggests that juvenile curfews do not reduce crime or victimization. Curfews restrict youth below a certain –usually 17 or 18 –from public places during nighttime. For example, the Prince George's Count ...

Behavioral, Psychological, Educational, and Vocational Interventions to Facilitate Employment Outcomes for Cancer Survivors: A Systematic Review

Fong C.J. et al Cancer, Survivor In the United States, an estimated 1.5 million people are diagnosed annually with some type of cancer (American Cancer Society, 2011). Work is an important stabilizing factor for cancer survivors (Arnold, 1999). De Boer an ...

Interventions for Learning Disabled Sex Offenders

Ashman L. and Duggan L. Sex offence, Offinder, Imprisonment, Sex offending is of increasing public concern with calls for longer terms of imprisonment and closer supervision of such offenders in the community. Currently a variety of treatment approaches a ...

Interventions Intended to Reduce Pregnancy-Related Outcomes Among Adolescents

Scher L.S Maynard R.A and Stagner M. Sexual risk-taking, Teenager, Sexual health This review synthesizes the evidence on the effectiveness of programs aimed at reducing sexual risk-taking among teens. By including only rigorous randomized controlled trial ...

Independent Living Programmes for Improving Outcomes for Young People Leaving the Care System

Donkoh C. Underhill K. and Montgomery P. Young people, Care system, Independant living, Foster care This review aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of independent living programmes (ILPs), a widespread and varied group of programmes intended to improve ou ...

Family Behavior Therapy (FBT) for Young People in Treatment for Non-opioid Drug Use: A Systematic Review

Lindstrom M. et al Drug use, Family therapy, This publication is a systematic Campbell review of the effect of the family therapy approach Family Behavior Therapy (FBT) for treatment for non-opioid drug use (e.g., cannabis, amphetamine, ecstasy or cocaine ...

Exercise to Improve Self- Esteem in Children and Young People

Ekeland E. et al Self-esteem, Psychological problem, Behavioural problem, Adolescent Some evidence that exercise has positive short-term effects on self-esteem in children and young people Improving self-esteem may help to prevent the development of psych ...