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Improving Nonmedical Vaccine Exemption Policies: Three Case Studies

Mark Christopher Navin, Mark Aaron Largent Public Health Ethics Some communities that exempt parents from vaccine mandates have recently reformed their exemption policies by eliminating nonmedical exemptions, allowing nonmedical exemptions only for parent ...

Distinguishing between Experienced Utility and Remembered Utility

Adam Oliver Public Health Ethics In his 2015 book, Valuing Health, the philosopher, Daniel Hausman, in referring to experienced utility maximization, touches on the question of whether people accept, and ought to accept, the assumption of health maximizat ...

Is Well-being Measurable After All?

Anna Alexandrova Public Health Ethics Abstract In Valuing Health, Dan Hausman argues that well-being is not measurable, at least not in the way that science and policy would require. His argument depends on a demanding conception of well-being and on a pe ...

Public Values for Health States Versus Societal Valuations of Health Improvements: A Critique of Dan Hausman’s ‘Valuing Health’

Erik Nord Public Health Ethics Daniel Hausman’s book ‘Valuing Health’ is a valuable contribution to our understanding of QALYs and DALYs and to moving health economics to adopting a broader perspective than that taken in conventional cost-effectiveness an ...

Global Health Solidarity

Peter G. N. West-Oram, Alena Buyx Public Health Ethics For much of the 20th century, vulnerability to deprivations of health has often been defined by geographical and economic factors. Those in wealthy, usually ‘Northern’ and ‘Western’, parts of the worl ...

Research Ethics Governance in Times of Ebola

Stephen R. Latham Public Health Ethics The Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) ethics review board (ERB) has been solicited in an unprecedented way to provide advice and review research protocols in an ‘emergency’ mode during the recent Ebola epidemic. Twenty- ...

The Moral Life of Professionals in Newborn Screening in the Netherlands: A Qualitative Study

Anke J. M. Oerlemans, Leo A. J. Kluijtmans, Simone van der Burg Public Health Ethics Newborn screening (NBS) involves a complex logistical process, which depends on the close cooperation of many professionals, such as midwives, laboratory technicians, gen ...

Political Theory, Values and Public Health

Stephen R. Latham Public Health Ethics This article offers some general criticisms of the idea that any political theory can legitimate public health interventions, and then some particular criticisms of Civic Republicanism as a political theory for publi ...

Reply to Ackermann

Ross MacKenzie, Wendy Rogers Public Health Ethics   Evan Ackermann’s (2015) response on behalf of the Royal Australian College of General Practitioners (RACGP) to our article (MacKenzie and Rogers, 2015) largely reiterates previous criticisms levelled by ...

Ethical Criteria for Human Challenge Studies in Infectious Diseases

Ben Bambery, Michael Selgelid, Charles Weijer, Julian Savulescu, Andrew J. Pollard Public Health Ethics Abstract Purposeful infection of healthy volunteers with a microbial pathogen seems at odds with acceptable ethical standards, but is an important cont ...

It’s a Shame! Stigma Against Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder: Examining the Ethical Implications for Public Health Practices and Policies

Emily Bell, Gail Andrew, Nina Di Pietro, Albert E. Chudley, James N. Reynolds, Eric Racine Public Health Ethics Abstract Stigma can influence the prevention and identification of fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD), a leading cause of developmental del ...

The Return of Lombroso? Ethical Aspects of (Visions of) Preventive Forensic Screening

Christian Munthe, Susanna Radovic Public Health Ethics Abstract The vision of legendary criminologist Cesare Lombroso to use scientific theories of individual causes of crime as a basis for screening and prevention programmes targeting individuals at risk ...

Is Antimicrobial Resistance a Slowly Emerging Disaster?

A. M. Viens, Jasper Littmann Public Health Ethics Abstract The problem of antimicrobial resistance is so dire that people are predicting that the era of antibiotics may be coming to an end, ushering in a ‘post-antibiotic’ era. A comprehensive policy respo ...

The Ethical Significance of Antimicrobial Resistance

Jasper Littmann, A. M. Viens Public Health Ethics Abstract In this paper, we provide a state-of-the-art overview of the ethical challenges that arise in the context of antimicrobial resistance (AMR), which includes an introduction to the contributions to ...

Caribbean Heat Threatens Health, Well-being and the Future of Humanity

Cheryl C. Macpherson, Muge Akpinar-Elci Public Health Ethics Abstract Climate change has substantial impacts on public health and safety, disease risks and the provision of health care, with the poor being particularly disadvantaged. Management of the ass ...

A Global Public Goods Approach to the Health of Migrants

Heather Widdows, Herjeet Marway Public Health Ethics Abstract This paper explores a global public goods approach to the health of migrants. It suggests that this approach establishes that there are a number of health goods which must be provided to migran ...

The Restaurant Food Hot Potato: Stop Passing it on—A Commentary on Mah and Timming’s, ‘Equity in Public Health Ethics: The Case of Menu Labelling Policy at the Local Level’

Kathryn L. MacKay Public Health Ethics Abstract In the case discussion, ‘Equity in Public Health Ethics: The Case of Menu Labelling Policy at the Local Level’ (2014), Mah and Timming state that menu labelling would ‘place requirements for information disc ...

Macular pigment optical density and its relationship with serum and dietary levels of lutein and zeaxanthin

Beatty S, Nolan JM, Kavanagh H, O'Donovan O Nutrition, Ageing, Older People, Mental Health, Alzheimer's Disease Abstract Observational evidence is accumulating that the onset of age-related maculopathy, the leading cause of legal blindness in th ...

Macular Pigment and Percentage of Body Fat

Nolan JM, O'Donovan O, Kavanagh H, Stack J, Harrison M, Muldoon A, Mellerio J, Beatty S Nutrition, Ageing, Older People, Mental Health, Alzheimer's Disease P URPOSE. To investigate the relationship between percentage of body fat and macular pigm ...

Measurement of Macular Pigment: Raman Spectroscopy versus Heterochromatic Flicker Photometry

Neelam K, O'Gorman N, Nolan JM, O'Donovan O, Wong HB, Au Eong KG, Beatty S Nutrition, Ageing, Older People, Mental Health, Alzheimer's Disease P URPOSE. There are several techniques for measuring macular pigment (MP) in vivo, of which Raman ...