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Reduced or modified dietary fat for preventing cardiovascular disease

Hooper, L. et al Heart disease Reduction and modification of dietary fats have differing effects on cardiovascular risk factors (such as serum cholesterol), but their effects on important health outcomes are less clear. The objective of this review is to ...

Reduced dietary salt for the prevention of cardiovascular disease

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Omega 3 fatty acids for prevention and treatment of cardiovascular disease

Hooper, L. et al Heart disease It has been suggested that omega 3 (W3, n-3 or omega-3) fats from oily fish and plants are beneficial to health. The objective of this review is to assess whether dietary or supplemental omega 3 fatty acids alter total morta ...

Multiple risk factor interventions for primary prevention of coronary heart disease

Ebrahim, S. et al Heart disease Multiple risk factor interventions using counselling and educational methods assumed to be efficacious and cost-effective in reducing coronary heart disease (CHD) mortality and morbidity and that they should be expanded. Tr ...

Dietary advice for reducing cardiovascular risk

Brunner, E. et al Heart disease Changes in population diet are likely to reduce cardiovascular disease and cancer, but the effect of dietary advice is uncertain. The objective of this review is to assess the effects of providing dietary advice to achieve ...

Smoking cessation for the secondary prevention of coronary heart disease

Critchley, J.A. and Capewell, S. Smoking cessation and coronary heart disease Although the importance of smoking as a risk factor for coronary heart disease is beyond doubt, the speed and magnitude of risk reduction when a smoker with coronary heart disea ...

Interventions to achieve long-term weight loss in obese older people: A systematic review and meta-analysis

 1 Section of Ageing and Health, University of Dundee, Ninewells Hospital, Dundee DD1 9SY, UK2 Health Services Research Unit, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, UKAddress correspondence to: M. Witham. Tel: (+44) 1382 632436; Fax: (+44) 1382 660675. Email: ...

Age Related Outcome in Acute Subdural Haematoma Following Traumatic Head Injury

1Department of Neurosurgery, Beaumont Hospital, Beaumont, Dublin 92Department of General Surgery, Wexford General Hospital, WexfordAbstractAcute subdural haematoma (ASDH) is one of the conditions most strongly associated with severe brain injury.1 Reports ...

Guidelines in professions allied to medicine

Thomas, L. H., Cullum, N. A., McColl, E., Nikki Rousseau, N., Soutter, J. and Steen, N. EVIDENCE BASED HEALTH CARE, GUIDELINE, HEALTH INTERVENTION, MIDWIFE, NURSING Clinical practice guidelines aim to reduce inappropriate variations in practice and to pro ...

Age does not hamper the response to pulmonary rehabilitation of COPD patients

Background: pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) improves health status and exercise tolerance, but not respiratory function in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Our objective was to identify predictors of improvement in the 6-min walke ...

Acute coronary syndrome in the elderly

This editorial refers to ‘Management and 6-month outcomes in elderly and very elderly patients with high-risk non-ST-elevation acute coronary syndromes: The Global Registry of Acute Coronary Events’, by G. Devlin et al., on page 1275.In the well developed ...

Autonomic Function Is Impaired in Elderly Stroke Survivors

From the Institute for Ageing and Health (A.M., S.K., L.A., R.A.K.), Newcastle General Hospital, Westgate Road, Newcastle upon Tyne; the Centre for Health Services Research (I.N.S.), School of Population and Health Sciences (Epidemiology and Public Health ...

24-hour ambulatory electrocardiographic monitoring is unhelpful in the investigation of older persons with recurrent falls

John Davison, Steven Brady and Rose Anne KennyBackground: although frequently used in the assessment of patients with falls, it is unclear whether 24-hour ambulatory electrocardiography contributes to their assessment in older persons.Objective: to identi ...

Carotid Sinus Hypersensitivity in Asymptomatic Older Persons

Carotid sinus hypersensitivity is the most commonly reported cause of falls and syncope in older persons. Recent guidelines recommend 5 to 10 seconds of carotid sinus massage in supine and upright positions with beat-to-beat monitoring. The aim of this st ...

Psychological interventions for depression in heart failure

Lane, D. A., Yeong Chong, A. and Lip, G. Y. H. Review of whether psychological interventions for people with heart failure reduce symptoms of depression and improve outcome Heart failure is a common and growing health problem. Depression is prevalent amon ...

Physical fitness training for stroke patients

Saunders, D. H., Greig, C. A., Young, A. and Mead, G. E. Review of physical Fitness Training interventions for stroke patients Stroke patients have impaired physical fitness and this may exacerbate their disability. It is not known whether improving physi ...

Long-term effects of weight-reducing drugs in hypertensive patients

Siebenhofer, A., Horvath, K., Jeitler, K., Berghold, A., Stich, A. K., Matyas, E., Pignitter, N. and Siering, U. HYPERTENSION, OBESITY, WEIGHT, BLOOD PRESSURE All major guidelines for antihypertensive therapy recommend weight loss; anti-obesity drugs migh ...

Home versus center based physical activity programs in older adults

Ashworth, N. L., Chad, K. E., Harrison, E. L., Reeder, B. A. and Marshall, S. C. ARTHRITIS, CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE, OLDER PEOPLE, PHYSICAL ACTIVITY Physical inactivity is a leading cause of preventable death and morbidity in developed countries. In additi ...

Advice to reduce dietary salt for prevention of cardiovascular disease

Hooper, L., Bartlett, C., Davey Smith, G. and Ebrahim, S. Salt, Food, Death, Cardiovascular disease, Blood pressure, Adults Restricting sodium intake in hypertensive patients over short periods of time reduces blood pressure. Long term effects (on mortali ...

Collaborative Work in Public Health? Reflections on the Experience of Public Health Networks

Mallinson, S., Popay, J., and Kowarzik, U. AIDS, BEHAVIOUR, HEALTH, HIV INFECTION, PUBLIC HEALTH, SOCIAL POLICY This paper aims to stimulate critical reflection and debate on the future development of multidisciplinary and collaborative public health prac ...