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Systematic reviews

Interactive Computer-based interventions for weight loss or weight maintenance in overweight or obese people

Wieland, L.S., et al Computer-based interventions, Weight loss, Weight maintenance, Overweight, Obese people, Obesity Overweight and obesity are common health problems and increase the risk of developing several serious health conditions. The standard tre ...

Diet or exercise, or both, for weight reduction in women after childbirth

Adegboye, A. Linne, Y. M., Mauricio, P. and Lourenco, C, BREASTFEEDING, CHILDBIRTH, OBESITY, OVERWEIGHT, PREGNANCY, WEIGHT Background Weight retention after pregnancy may contribute to obesity. It is known that diet and exercise are recommended components ...

Interventions for preventing excessive weight gain during pregnancy

Muktabhant, B., Lumbiganon, P. and Ngamjarus, C. OBESITY, OVERWEIGHT, PREGNANCY This is the protocol for a review. The objectives are as follows: To evaluate the effectiveness of interventions for preventing excessive weight gain during pregnancy. Obesity ...

Psychosocial interventions for the maintenance of weight loss in obese adults

Milner, C. P., Hams, S. P. Markandya, A., Shaw, S. and Blackmore, S. A research report om psychosocial interventions for the maintenance of weight loss This is the protocol for a review. The objectives are as follows: To assess the effects of psychosocial ...

School-based physical activity programs for promoting physical activity and fitness in children and adolescents aged 6-18

Dobbins, M., DeCorby, K., Robeson, P. Husson, H. and Tirilis, D. Review of school-based interventions of physical activity Background The World Health Organization estimates that 1.9 million deaths worldwide are attributable to physical inactivity. Chroni ...

Creating Healthy Food and Eating Environments: Policy and Environmental Approaches

Story, M., Kaphingst, K.M., Robinson-O'Brien, R., and Glanz, K. FOOD ACCESS, HEALTH INTERVENTIONS, POLICY Food and eating environments likely contribute to the increasing epidemic of obesity and chronic diseases, over and above individual factors suc ...

Legal and Public Health Considerations Affecting the Success, Reach, and Impact of Menu-Labeling Laws

Pomeranz, J.L. and Brownell, K.D. CATERING INDUSTRY, CONSUMER INFORMATION, FOOD LABELLING, GOVERNMENT, LAW, NUTRITION Because the rate of consumption of away-from-home meals has increased dramatically, the distinction between requiring nutrition informati ...

Climate change, enhanced greenhouse gas emissions and passenger transport: What can we do to make a difference?

Hensher, D. A. CLIMATE CHANGE, ENVIRONMENT, POLLUTION, TAXATION, TRANSPORT The transportation sector, led by the automobile, has been cited constantly as a major contributor through human intervention to climate change. Short of banning car use, the chall ...

Dietetic Students Possess Negative Attitudes Toward Obesity Similar to Nondietetic Students

Berryman, D.E., Dubale, G.M., Manchester, D.S. and Mittelstaedt, R. ATTITUDES, BELIEF, BODY IMAGE, BODY MEASUREMENTS, OBESITY A convenience sample comprised of 76 female dietetics (n=38) and nondietetics (n=38) majors was assessed for attitudes toward obe ...

A Geographical Comparison of Prevalence of Overweight School-aged Children: The National Survey of Children's Health 2003

Tudor-Locke, C at al. Child obesity, Overweight, Obesity This study presents a geographical comparison of state-specific prevalence estimates of children who are at risk of overweight and/or overweight. Using the 2003 National Survey of Childrenメs Health, ...

A Randomized Trial of the Effects of Reducing Television Viewing and Computer Use on Body Mass Index in Young Children

Epstein, L.H. et al. Television viewing, Computer, Children, Body mass index The design of this study was a randomized controlled clinical trial. Seventy children aged between 4 and 7 whose BMI was at or above the 75th BMI percentile for age and sex parti ...

Becoming "the fat girl": Acquisition of an Unfit Identity

Rice, C. Female body image, Body size In North American society, there are many disparaging depictions of girls and women with differences in body size. Despite growing dialogue about body acceptance, overweight and obesity increasingly are interpreted as ...

Body Image in the Balance

Devlin, M.J and Zhu, A.J. Body image, Body size This article explores how distress over body image can impact on mental health, both emotionally and psychologically. It also looks at the issue of gender and body image. While body image distress is on the ...

Changing Perceptions of the Childhood Obesity Epidemic

Evans, W.D., Renaud, J.M., Finkelstein, E., Kamerow, D.B. and Brown, D.S. Childhood obesity The aim of this study was to examine changes in public attitudes about childhood obesity and support for prevention. RTI surveyed US households (N = 1047 and N =11 ...

Childhood Obesity: Should Primary School Children be Routinely Screened? A Systematic Review and Discussion of the Evidence

Westwood, M. at al MONITORING, OBESITY, PREVENTION, SCREENING Population monitoring has been introduced in UK primary schools in an effort to track the growing obesity epidemic. It has been argued that parents should be informed of their child's resu ...

Childhood Overweight and the Relationship between Parent Behaviors, Parenting Style ' and Family Functioning

Rhee, K. Parenting, Family relations, Childhood, Overweight. This article discusses the relationship between parent behaviors, parenting style, and how a family functions with respect to the development of childhood overweight. Parents can influence a chi ...

Cultural Attitudes Toward Weight, Diet, and Physical Activity Among Overweight African American Girls

Boyington, J et al ATTITUDES, CULTURE, HEALTH POLICY, OVERWEIGHT, PREVENTION Little is known about attitudes and perceptions toward weight, diet, and physical activity among American youth, and particularly among young African American females. This pilot ...

Employer and Healthcare Policy Interventions aimed at Adult Obesity

Bernard, F. et al HEALTH POLICY, OBESITY, PREVENTION Increasing rates of obesity in the population have made prevention a high public health priority. Participants for this study included 1139 respondents who were surveyed as part of the Research Triangle ...

Factors Associated with Parental Readiness to make Changes for Overweight Children

Rhee, K.E., DeLago, C.W., Arscott-Mills, T., Mehta, S.D. and Davis, R.K. BEHAVIOURAL CHANGE, OVERWEIGHT Currently, little is known about parents' readiness to make behavior changes to help their children lose weight. The objective of this study was t ...

Healthy nature healthy people: Contact with nature as an upstream health promotion intervention for populations

Maller, C., Townsend, M., Pryor, A., Brown, P. and St Leger, L. HEALTH GAIN, MENTAL HEALTH, NATURAL ENVIRONMENT, PUBLIC HEALTH Whilst urban-dwelling individuals who seek out parks and gardens appear to intuitively understand the personal health and well-b ...