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Systematic reviews

Financial benefits for child health and well-being in low income or socially disadvantaged families in developed world countries

Lucas, P. et al. CHILD DEVELOPMENT, DISADVANTAGED GROUP, ECONOMIC FACTOR, LOW INCOME, SOCIAL FACTOR The association between low income and poor outcome in all dimensions of child health is strong and consistent across countries and time. Disadvantage in c ...

Cognitive behavioural therapy for men who physically abuse their female partner

Smedslund, G. et al. Physically abusive men, Physical abuse, Violence In national surveys, between 10% and 34% of women have reported being physically assaulted by an intimate male partner.Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) or programmes including elemen ...

Parent-training interventions to support intellectually disabled parents

Coren, E. et al. Parents with intellectual or learning disabilities Parents with intellectual or learning disabilities may need support to provide adequate care for their children and prevent problems that can arise in children's welfare or developme ...

Self-control interventions for children under age 10 for improving self-control and delinquency and problem behaviors

Piquero, A.R., Jennings, W. and Farrington, D. Self-control improvement programs Self-control improvement programs are intended to serve many purposes, most notably improving self-control. Yet, interventions such as these often aim to reduce delinquency a ...

Advocacy interventions to reduce or eliminate violence and promote the physical and psychosocial wellbeing of women who experience intimate partner abuse

Ramsay, J. et al. Partner abuse, Violence, Domestic violence Intimate partner abuse is common in all societies and damages the health of survivors and their children in the short and long term. Advocacy may decrease the impact of this abuse on women' ...

Effects of drug substitution programs on offending among drug-addicts

Egli, N. et al. HEROIN, METHADONE, PRESCRIPTION, SUBSTANCE MISUSE Drug abusers are generally more involved in crime, in particular property crime, than people who are not drug abusers. Substitution programs have been developed in order to improve drug use ...

Use of DNA testing in police investigative work for increasing offender identification, arrest, conviction, and case clearance

Wilson, D., Weisburd, D. and McClure, D. DNA testing The use of DNA testing as part of police investigative work has increased substantially since its emergence in the 1980s. The objective of this review has been to synthesize the existing evidence on the ...

Personal assistance for adults (19-64) with both physical and intellectual impairments

Mayo-Wilson, E., Dennis, J. and Montgomery, P. Assistance for adults with physical and intellectual impairments There is a high incidence of impairments among working age adults, and their prevalence is increasing in the West. Many countries offer persona ...

The effectiveness of neighborhood watch

Bennett, T., Holloway, K. and Farrington, D. Effectiveness of neighborhood watch in reducing crime Neighborhood watch (also known as block watch, apartment watch, home watch and community watch) grew out of a movement in the US during the late 1960s that ...

Effects of closed circuit television surveillance on crime

Welsh, B.C. and Farrington, D.P. CRIME, CRIME PREVENTION, PROPERTY CRIME Closed circuit television (CCTV) surveillance cameras serve many functions and are used in both public and private settings. The prevention of personal and property crime is among th ...

Personal assistance for children and adolescents (0-18) with physical impairments

Mayo-Wilson, E., Montgomery, P. and Dennis, J. Effectiveness of personal assistance for children and adolescents with physical impairments There is a high and increasing prevalence of impairments among children and adolescents in the West. Many countries ...

Personal assistance for children and adolescents (0-18) with intellectual impairments

Mayo-Wilson, E., Montgomery, P. and Dennis, J. Effectiveness of personal assistance for children and adolescents with intellectual impairments There is a high and increasing prevalence of intellectual impairments among children and adolescents in the West ...

Personal assistance for children and adolescents (0-18) with both physical and intellectual impairments

Mayo-Wilson, E., Montgomery, P. and Dennis, J. Effectiveness of personal assistance for children and adolescents with both physical and intellectual impairments There is a high and increasing prevalence of impairments among children and adolescents in the ...

The effects of problem-oriented policing on crime and disorder

Weisburd, D., Telep, C.W., Hnkle, J.C. and Eck, J.E. Effects of problem-oriented policing on crime and disorder Problem-oriented Policing (POP) was first introduced by Herman Goldstein in 1979. The approach was one of a series of responses to a crisis in ...

Effects of second responder programs on repeat incidents of family abuse

Davis, R. C., Weisburd, D. and Taylor, B. CRIME PREVENTION, FAMILY, OFFENDER, VIOLENCE Second responder programs are based on the premises that family violence often recurs and that victims are likely to be especially receptive to crime prevention opportu ...

Personal assistance for adults (19-64) with physical impairments

Mayo-Wilson, E., Dennis, J. and Montgomery, P. Effectiveness of personal assistance for adults with physical impairments There is a high incidence of impairments among working age adults. Many countries offer personal assistance in the form of individuali ...

Effects of early family/parent training programs on antisocial behavior and delinquency

Piquero, A.R. et al. ANTISOCIAL BEHAVIOUR, BEHAVIOURAL CHANGE, YOUNG PEOPLE Based on evidence that early antisocial behavior is a key risk factor for continued delinquency and crime throughout the life course, early family/parent training, among its many ...

Opportunities provision for preventing youth gang involvement for children and young people (7-16)

Fisher, H., Montgomery, P. and Gardner, F. Delinquency and crime Research has shown that youth who join gangs are more likely to be involved in delinquency and crime, particularly serious and violent offences, compared to non-gang youth and non-gang delin ...

Cognitive-behavioural interventions for preventing youth gang involvement for children and young people (7-16)

Fisher, H., Montgomery, P. and Gardner, F. ANTISOCIAL BEHAVIOUR, BEHAVIOURAL CHANGE, CRIME, CRIME PREVENTION, YOUNG PEOPLE Many studies document a robust and consistent relationship between gang membership and elevated delinquency, with gang members dispr ...

The effects of school-based social information processing interventions on aggressive behavior: Part II: Selected/indicated pull-out programs

Wilson, S.J. and Lipsey, M.W. Prevention of aggressive or violent behaviour While the primary role of schools is to provide academic instruction, they are also one of the primary institutions through which we socialize our children. One aspect of this soc ...