menu ☰
menu ˟

Systematic reviews

Long-term effects of weight-reducing drugs in hypertensive patients

Siebenhofer, A., Horvath, K., Jeitler, K., Berghold, A., Stich, A. K., Matyas, E., Pignitter, N. and Siering, U. HYPERTENSION, OBESITY, WEIGHT, BLOOD PRESSURE All major guidelines for antihypertensive therapy recommend weight loss; anti-obesity drugs migh ...

Interventions to achieve long-term weight loss in obese older people: A systematic review and meta-analysis

 1 Section of Ageing and Health, University of Dundee, Ninewells Hospital, Dundee DD1 9SY, UK2 Health Services Research Unit, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, UKAddress correspondence to: M. Witham. Tel: (+44) 1382 632436; Fax: (+44) 1382 660675. Email: ...

Interventions to achieve long-term weight loss in obese older people: A systematic review and meta-analysis

1 Section of Ageing and Health, University of Dundee, Ninewells Hospital, Dundee DD1 9SY, UK2 Health Services Research Unit, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, UK Address correspondence to: M. Witham. Tel: (+44) 1382 632436; Fax: (+44) 1382 660675. Email: ...

Effectiveness of brief alcohol interventions in primary care populations.

Objective: To assess the effectiveness of brief intervention, delivered in general practice or based primary care, to reduce alcohol consumption. To assess whether outcomes differ between trials in research settings and those in routine clinical settings. ...

The effectiveness of brief alcohol interventions in primary care settings: A systematic review

Numerous studies have reported that brief interventions delivered in primary care are effective in reducing excessive drinking. However, much of this work has been criticised for being clinically unrepresentative. This review aimed to assess the effective ...

Chitosan for Overweight or Obesity

Jull, A.B., Ni Mhurchu, C., Bennett, D.A., Dunshea-Mooij, C.A.E. and Rodgers, A. Management, Overweight, Obesity Overweight and obesity are common health conditions worldwide but there are few effective treatments. Chitosan is a widely available dietary s ...

Exercise for Overweight or obesity

Shaw, K.A., Gennat, H.C., O'Rourke, P. and Del Mar, C. OBESITY, OVERWEIGHT, PHYSICAL ACTIVITY, WEIGHT LOSS, WEIGHT MANAGEMENT Overweight and obesity are important public health problems and are associated with many serious health conditions. The risk ...

Interventions for Preventing Obesity in Children

Summerbell CD, Waters E, Edmunds L, Kelly SAM, Brown T, Campbell KJ CHILD, OBESITY, OVERWEIGHT, PREVENTION, WEIGHT MANAGEMENT The current evidence suggests that many diet and exercise interventions to prevent obesity in children are not effective in preve ...

Interventions for treating Obesity in Children

Oude Luttikhuis H, Baur L, Jansen H, Shrewsbury VA, O'Malley C, Stolk RP, Summerbell CD Management, Overweight, Obesity, Children Childhood obesity affects both the physical and psychosocial health of children and may put them at risk of ill health a ...

Intragastic Balloon for Obesity

Fernandes MAP, Atallah ÁN, Soares B, Saconato H, Guimarães SM, Matos D, Carneiro Monteiro LR, Richter B OBESITY, OVERWEIGHT, WEIGHT MANAGEMENT With the failure of conventional treatments like diet therapy, increased physical activity and drug therapy in p ...

Long-term Pharmacotherapy for Obesity and Overweight

Padwal RS, Rucker D, Li SK, Curioni C, Lau DCW OBESITY, OVERWEIGHT, WEIGHT LOSS, WEIGHT MANAGEMENT This review assessed the long-term benefits and risks of approved anti-obesity drugs in clinical trials of 1 to 4 years duration. Sixteen orlistat (10,631 p ...

Low glycaemic index or low glycaemic load diets for overweight and obesity

Thomas, D., Elliott, E.J. and Baur, L. NUTRITION, OBESITY, OVERWEIGHT, WEIGHT MANAGEMENT There is a lack of consensus as to the best nutritional management of obesity. We assessed the effects of low glycaemic index or glycaemic load diets in overweight or ...

Psychological interventions for overweight or obesity

Shaw KA, O'Rourke P, Del Mar C, Kenardy J Management of overweight and obesity Several psychological methods are used to try and help people who are overweight or obese to lose weight. This review found that cognitive behaviour therapy and behaviour ...

Rimonabant for overweight or obesity

Curioni C, André C Management of overweight and obesity Rimonabant is the first drug of a new class of medications that seems to reduce body weight and improve risk factors for diseases of the blood vessels and heart in people who are overweight or obese. ...

Surgery for Obesity

Colquitt JL, Picot J, Loveman E, Clegg AJ Management of overweight and obesity Obesity is associated with many health problems and a higher risk of death. Bariatric (weight loss) surgery for obesity is usually only considered when all other treatments hav ...

Weight reduction for primary prevention of stroke in adults with overweight or obesity

Curioni C, André C, Veras R Management of overweight and obesity Rigorous scientific evidence linking overweight or obesity with increased risk for stroke is missing. Overweight and obesity are important public health problems and are associated with many ...

Hormonal contraceptives for contraception in overweight or obese women

Lopez LM, Grimes DA, Chen-Mok M, Westhoff C, Edelman A, Helmerhorst FM BODY MASS INDEX, CONTRACEPTION, OBESITY, OVERWEIGHT, WEIGHT MANAGEMENT Excess body weight has become a problem around the world. Being overweight or obese may affect how well hormonal ...

Interventions to change the behaviour of health professionals and the organisation of care to promote weight reduction in overweight and obese adults

Flodgren G, Deane K, Dickinson HO, Kirk S, Alberti H, Beyer FR, Brown JG, Penney TL, Summerbell CD, Eccles MP HEALTH INTERVENTION, HEALTH PROFESSIONAL, OBESITY, OVERWEIGHT, WEIGHT MANAGEMENT Although obesity used to be confined largely to high income coun ...

Community wide interventions for increasing physical activity

Baker, P.R.A., et al Physical activity interventions Multi-strategic community wide interventions for physical activity are increasingly popular but their ability to achieve population level improvements is unknown. The objective of this review is to eval ...

Long-term non-pharmacological weight loss interventions for adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus

Norris, S.L. et al DIABETES MELLITUS, LIFESTYLE, OBESITY, WEIGHT LOSS, WEIGHT MANAGEMENT Most persons with type 2 diabetes are overweight and obesity worsens the metabolic and physiologic abnormalities associated with diabetes. The objective of this revie ...