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Cochrane Reviews

Interactive Computer-based interventions for weight loss or weight maintenance in overweight or obese people

Wieland, L.S., et al Computer-based interventions, Weight loss, Weight maintenance, Overweight, Obese people, Obesity Overweight and obesity are common health problems and increase the risk of developing several serious health conditions. The standard tre ...

Diet or exercise, or both, for weight reduction in women after childbirth

Adegboye, A. Linne, Y. M., Mauricio, P. and Lourenco, C, BREASTFEEDING, CHILDBIRTH, OBESITY, OVERWEIGHT, PREGNANCY, WEIGHT Background Weight retention after pregnancy may contribute to obesity. It is known that diet and exercise are recommended components ...

Interventions for preventing excessive weight gain during pregnancy

Muktabhant, B., Lumbiganon, P. and Ngamjarus, C. OBESITY, OVERWEIGHT, PREGNANCY This is the protocol for a review. The objectives are as follows: To evaluate the effectiveness of interventions for preventing excessive weight gain during pregnancy. Obesity ...

Psychosocial interventions for the maintenance of weight loss in obese adults

Milner, C. P., Hams, S. P. Markandya, A., Shaw, S. and Blackmore, S. A research report om psychosocial interventions for the maintenance of weight loss This is the protocol for a review. The objectives are as follows: To assess the effects of psychosocial ...

School-based physical activity programs for promoting physical activity and fitness in children and adolescents aged 6-18

Dobbins, M., DeCorby, K., Robeson, P. Husson, H. and Tirilis, D. Review of school-based interventions of physical activity Background The World Health Organization estimates that 1.9 million deaths worldwide are attributable to physical inactivity. Chroni ...

Interventions to improve occupational health in depressed people

Nieuwenhuijsen, K., Bültmann, U., Neumeyer-Gromen3, A., Verhoeven1, A. C., Verbeek, J. H. and Feltz-Cornelis, C. M. DEPRESSION, OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY, SICKNESS ABSENCE Work disability such as sickness absence is common in people with depression. ...

Interventions to improve the management of asthma in primary care settings

Lozano, P., Schaefer, J., Finkelstein, J., Stout, J., Wagner, E. and Weiss, K. Asthma The Global Initiative for Asthma (GINA 2002), in its Practical Guide to Asthma Management provides an evidence-based management strategy that addresses severity assessme ...

Interventions to improve the management of diabetes mellitus in primary care, outpatient and community settings

Renders, C. A., Valk, G. D., Griffin, S. J., Wagner, E., van Eijk, J. T. and Assendelft, W. J. J. Health professionals, Organisational interventions, Continuity of care, Diabetes Diabetes is a common chronic disease that is increasingly managed in primary ...

Interventions to reduce harm from continued tobacco use

Stead, L. F and Lancaster, T. NICOTINE REPLACEMENT THERAPY, SMOKING, SMOKING CESSATION, TOBACCO USE It may be reasonable to try to reduce the harm from continued smoking amongst smokers unable or unwilling to quit. Possible approaches to reduce the exposu ...

Life skills programmes for chronic mental illnesses

Tungpunkom, P. and Margaret Nicol, M. MENTAL HEALTH, QUALITY OF LIFE, REHABILITATION, SCHIZOPHRENIA Most people with schizophrenia have a cyclical pattern of illness characterised by remission and relapses. The illness can reduce the ability of self-care ...

Long-term effects of weight-reducing drugs in hypertensive patients

Siebenhofer, A., Horvath, K., Jeitler, K., Berghold, A., Stich, A. K., Matyas, E., Pignitter, N. and Siering, U. HYPERTENSION, OBESITY, WEIGHT, BLOOD PRESSURE All major guidelines for antihypertensive therapy recommend weight loss; anti-obesity drugs migh ...

Massage intervention for promoting mental and physical health in infants aged under six months

Underdown, A., Barlow, J., Chung, V. and Stewart-Brown, S. MENTAL HEALTH, THERAPY, OUTCOMES, INFANT HEALTH Infant massage is increasingly being used in the community for low-risk babies and their primary care givers. Anecdotal claims suggest benefits for ...

Media-based behavioural treatments for behavioural problems in children

Montgomery, P., Bjornstad, G. J. and Dennis, J. A. BEHAVIOUR, INFORMATION MEDIA, THERAPY, BEHAVIOURAL PROBLEM, CHILDREN Many approaches are used to address behavioural problems in childhood including medication or, more usually, psychological treatments e ...

Mentoring of children and adolescents for preventing drug and alcohol use

Thomas, R. E., Lorenzetti, D. and Spragins, W. ALCOHOL MISUSE, DRUGS MISUSE, HEALTH EDUCATION, PREVENTION The objectives of the intervention are: To identify and systematically review all mentoring interventions in all languages to prevent drug and alcoho ...

Mobile phone-based interventions for smoking cessation

Whittaker, R., Borland, R., Bullen, C., Lin, R., McRobbie, H. and Rodgers, A. Mobile phones, Smoking, Smoking cessation Most smokers start during their teens and more than 80% report having their first cigarette before their 18th birthday (Lamkin 1998). W ...

Optimal duration of exclusive breastfeeding

Kramer, M. S. and Kakuma, R. Review of advantages of exclusive breastfeeding (no solids or liquids besides human milk, other than vitamins and medications) for six months Although the health benefits of breastfeeding are widely acknowledged, opinions and ...

Peer support telephone calls for improving health

Dale, J. Caramlau, I. O., Lindenmeyer, A. and Williams, S. M.1 Review of the effects of peer support telephone calls on physical and psychological health and on health behaviours Peer support telephone calls have been used for a wide range of health-relat ...

Personal assistance for adults (19-64) with both physical and intellectual impairments

Mayo-Wilson, E., Montgomery, P. and Dennis, J. Review investigated the effectiveness of personal assistance versus any other form of care for adults with both physical and intellectual impairments There is a high incidence of impairments among working age ...

Physical activity programs for persons with dementia

Forbes, D., Forbes, S., Morgan, D. G., Markle-Reid, M., Wood, J. and Culum, I. Study of the effectiveness of physical activity programs in managing or improving cognition, function, behaviour, depression, and mortality in people with dementia There is som ...

Physical fitness training for stroke patients

Saunders, D. H., Greig, C. A., Young, A. and Mead, G. E. Review of physical Fitness Training interventions for stroke patients Stroke patients have impaired physical fitness and this may exacerbate their disability. It is not known whether improving physi ...