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Interactive Computer-based interventions for weight loss or weight maintenance in overweight or obese people

Wieland, L.S., et al Computer-based interventions, Weight loss, Weight maintenance, Overweight, Obese people, Obesity Overweight and obesity are common health problems and increase the risk of developing several serious health conditions. The standard tre ...

Diet or exercise, or both, for weight reduction in women after childbirth

Adegboye, A. Linne, Y. M., Mauricio, P. and Lourenco, C, BREASTFEEDING, CHILDBIRTH, OBESITY, OVERWEIGHT, PREGNANCY, WEIGHT Background Weight retention after pregnancy may contribute to obesity. It is known that diet and exercise are recommended components ...

School-based physical activity programs for promoting physical activity and fitness in children and adolescents aged 6-18

Dobbins, M., DeCorby, K., Robeson, P. Husson, H. and Tirilis, D. Review of school-based interventions of physical activity Background The World Health Organization estimates that 1.9 million deaths worldwide are attributable to physical inactivity. Chroni ...

Creating Healthy Food and Eating Environments: Policy and Environmental Approaches

Story, M., Kaphingst, K.M., Robinson-O'Brien, R., and Glanz, K. FOOD ACCESS, HEALTH INTERVENTIONS, POLICY Food and eating environments likely contribute to the increasing epidemic of obesity and chronic diseases, over and above individual factors suc ...

Legal and Public Health Considerations Affecting the Success, Reach, and Impact of Menu-Labeling Laws

Pomeranz, J.L. and Brownell, K.D. CATERING INDUSTRY, CONSUMER INFORMATION, FOOD LABELLING, GOVERNMENT, LAW, NUTRITION Because the rate of consumption of away-from-home meals has increased dramatically, the distinction between requiring nutrition informati ...

Cost Effectiveness of Community-Based Physical Activity Interventions

Larissa, R. COMMUNITY, COST EFFECTIVENESS, HEALTH BEHAVIOUR, HEALTH PROMOTION, PHYSICAL ACTIVITY, PREVENTION Physical inactivity is associated with the increased risk of many chronic diseases. Such risks decrease with increases in physical activity. A lif ...

Food Prices and Obesity: Evidence and Policy Implications for Taxes and Subsidies

Powell, L.M and Chaloupka, F.J. BEHAVIOURAL CHANGE, OBESITY, POLICY, PRICING Pricing policies have been posited as potential policy instruments to address the increasing prevalence of obesity. This article examined empirical evidence regarding the food an ...

Implicit anti-fat bias among health professionals: is anyone immune?

Teachman, B.A. and Brownell, K.D. BODY IMAGE, OVERWEIGHT A total of 84 health professionals who treat obesity (71% male, mean age 48 y, mean body mass index (BMI) 25.39). completed a series of implicit and explicit attitude and belief measures. Results we ...

Lifestyle interventions in the treatment of childhood overweight: A meta-analytic review of randomized controlled trials

Wiley, D.E et al BEHAVIOURAL CHANGE, EVALUATION, LIFESTYLE, OVERWEIGHT Identifying and evaluating efficacious treatments for pediatric weight loss is of critical importance. This quantitative review represents the first meta-analysis of the efficacy of ra ...

Measures of the Food Environment: A Compilation of the Literature, 1990- 2007

McKinnon, R.A., Reedy, J., Morrissette, M.A., Lytle, L.A., Yaroch, A.L. FOOD AND NUTRITION, HEALTH POLICY, INDIVIDUAL BEHAVIOUR A structured literature search was conducted to identify peer-reviewed articles published between January 1990 and August 2007 ...

Population adiposity and climate change

Phil Edwards and Ian Roberts Research article on the links between Obesity and Climate Change Background The increasing global prevalence of overweight and obesity has serious implications for the environment, as well as for health. We estimate the impact ...

Preventing obesity in pre-school children: A literature review

Saunders, K. L. Review of tackling obesity in children Obesity in children is increasing worldwide, impacting on both long- and short-term health. Obesity prevention is an important contemporary public health priority and is firmly on the Government' ...

User Charges and Priority Setting in Health Care: Balancing Equity and Efficiency

Smith, P. C. Research article on priority setting in healthcare User charges are the major source of finance for many health care systems. However, traditional approaches to health care priority setting, such as cost-effectiveness analysis, usually assume ...

The FTO gene and measured food intake in children

Wardle J., Llewellyn C., Sanderson S., Plomin R. Research article examining associations between FTO gene and the likelihood of overeating Polymorphisms in the obesity-associated gene, FTO, have been linked with sensitivity to satiety in children, indicat ...

Leptin: a pivotal regulator of human energy homeostasis

Farooqi, I. S. and O'Rahilly, S. Research study presented at symposium The identification of the hormone leptin by Friedman et al (1) in 1994 has proved to be a seminal observation in biomedical science. The discovery that a circulating protein secre ...

Editorial: MC4R Mutations-Weight before Screening!

The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism Editorial of two studies relating to MC4R mutations and obesity In this issue, two articles (5, 13) address important albeit different questions relating to MC4R mutations and obesity. First, does age ...

Managing the health effects of climate change

Costello, A. et al Research article on health impacts of climate change on human societies Climate change is the biggest global health threat of the 21st century. Effects of climate change on health will affect most populations in the next decades and put ...

Leptin Regulates Striatal Regions and Human Eating Behavior

Farooqi, I. S. Bullmore, E., Keogh, J., Gillard, J., O'Rahilly, S. and Fletcher, P. C. Study on physiological satiety signals and overeating. Studies of the fat-derived hormone leptin have provided key insights into the molecular and neural component ...

Human Obesity: A Heritable Neurobehavioral Disorder that is Highly Sensitive to Environmental Conditions

O'Rahilly, S. and Farooqi, S. Study of the environmntal determinants in the prevalence of obesity The recent increase in the worldwide prevalence of obesity has understandably focused attention on the environmental determinants of this epidemic. Wher ...

Obesity and central obesity as risk factors for incident dementia and its subtypes: a systematic review and meta-analysis

10.14655/415-3974 Beydoun, M.A., Beydoun, H.A. and Wang, Y. Obeslity, Dementia While dementia affects 6-10% of persons 65 years or older, industrialized countries have witnessed an alarming rise in obesity. However, obesity's influence on dementia re ...