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Systematic reviews

Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors for proteinuria and microalbuminuria in people with sickle cell disease

Sasongko. T.H., Nagalla, S. and Ballas, S.K. ACE inhibitor administration, Sickle cell disease, Intraglomerular pressure, Microalbuminuria, Proteinuria, Adverse effects Sickle cell disease is a group of inherited disorders that often lead to kidney damage ...

Unemployment Benefit Exhaustion: Incentive Effects on Job Finding Rates: A Systematic Review

Filges, T., et al To study the impact of exhaustion of unemployment benefits In order to reduce unemployment levels, policymakers may wish to reduce the generosity of the unemployment system. While it may be politically intractable to lower the amount of ...

Interventions to Reduce Distress in Adult Victims of Sexual Violence and Rape: A Systematic Review

Regehr, C., et al Psychotherapeutic interventions, Symptoms of distress, Trauma, Victims, Sexual assault, Rape Beginning with the articulation of Rape Trauma Syndrome (Burgess 1974), the traumatic aftermath of sexual assault on victims has become a focus ...

Housing Improvements for Health and Associated Socio-economic Outcomes

Thomson, H., et al Social impact, Residents, Housing, Living standards The well established links between poor housing and poor health indicate that housing improvement may be an important mechanism through which public investment can lead to health impro ...

Interventions for nail psoriasis

de Vries, A.C.Q., et al Nail psoriasis, Skin disease Psoriasis is a common chronic skin disease with a prevalence in 2% to 3% of the population, according to European studies. Involvement of the nails occurs in about 50%. Nail psoriasis is difficult to tr ...

Hysteroscopy for treating subfertility associated with suspected major uterine cavity abnormalities

Bosteels, J., et al Hysteroscopic removal, Endometrial polyps, Submucous fibroids, Uterine septum, Intrauterine adhesions, Ultrasound, Hysterosalpingography, Diagnostic hysteroscopy, Intrauterine insemination (IUI), In vitro fertilisation (IVF), Intracyto ...

Human chorionic gonadotrophin (hCG) for preventing miscarriage

Morley, L.C., Simpson, N. and Tang, T. hCG, Prevention, Miscarriage Miscarriage is the loss of a pregnancy before 24 weeks of gestation. Recurrent miscarriage (RM) is the loss of three or more consecutive pregnancies, which can cause significant physical ...

High-volume haemofiltration for sepsis

Borthwick, E.M.J., et al This review assessed whether HVHF improves clinical outcome in adult critically ill patients with sepsis in an ICU setting Severe sepsis and septic shock are among the most common causes of death in adults who are sufficiently ill ...

Gases for establishing pneumoperitoneum during laparoscopic abdominal surgery

Cheng, Y., et al Pneumoperitoneum, Patient, Laparoscopic abdominal surgery Laparoscopic surgery is now widely performed to treat various abdominal diseases. Traditionally, the first step during laparoscopic surgery is to distend the abdomen, including ent ...

Exercise for improving outcomes after osteoporotic vertebral fracture

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Cerebrolysin for vascular dementia

Chen, N., et al Cerebrolysin, Vascular dementia, Treatment Vascular dementia (VaD) is a common disorder which currently lacks definitive treatments. Cerebrolysin, a peptide preparation produced from purified pig brain proteins, seems to be a promising int ...

Behavioral interventions for improving contraceptive use among women living with HIV

Lopez, L.M., et al Behavioral intervention, HIV-positive women, Contraceptive choice, Contraceptive use Counseling can help HIV-positive women meet their goals for family planning. It can also help prevent giving the virus to their infants. Due to better ...

Anti-vascular endothelial growth factor for macular oedema secondary to branch retinal vein occlusion

Mitty, D., Bunce, C. and Charteris, D. Intravitreal anti-VEGF agent, Retinal vein, BRVO Branch retinal vein occlusion (BRVO) occurs when a retinal vein that drains part of the retina becomes blocked. BRVO can affect approximately four to five people per 1 ...

Acupuncture for hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy in neonates

Wong, V., Cheuk, DLK., and Chu, V. Acupuncture, Mortality, Morbidity, Neonate, Infant, Newborn Hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) occurs in newborn infants when they lack oxygen in the peripartum period. HIE causes significant morbidity and mortality. ...

Health and the 2008 Economic Recession: Evidence from the United Kingdom

Astell-Burt, T. and Feng, X. Economic recession The economic recession which began in 2008 has resulted in a substantial increase in unemployment across many countries, including the United Kingdom. Strong association between unemployment and poor health ...

Psychosocial interventions for people with both severe mental illness and substance misuse.

Objective: To assess the effects of psychosocial interventions for reduction in substance use in people with a serious mental illness compared with standard care. Conclusion: We included 32 RCTs and found no compelling evidence to support any one psychoso ...

Does back and neck pain become more common as you get older? A systematic literature review

Fejer, R. and Leboeuf-Yde, C. Back pain, Neck pain It is generally believed that the prevalance aof back and neck pain increases with age and as the proportion of elderly will keep rising we may be facing public health concerns in the future. The aim of t ...

Interventions in Developing Nations for Improving Primary and Secondary School Enrollment of Children: A Systematic Review

Petrosino, A., et al Education BACKGROUND Education is considered critical to economic development and social welfare in developing nations. In light of compelling evidence that links expanded education systems and socioeconomic development while highligh ...

The Effectiveness of Incarceration-Based Drug Treatment on Criminal Behavior

Mitchell, O., Wilson, D. and Layton MacKenzie, D. Effectiveness of incarceration-based drug treatment programs in reducing post-release recidivism and drug relapse Many, if not most, incarcerated offenders have substance abuse problems. Without effective ...

Workplace Disability Management Programs Promoting Return to Work

Gensby, U., et al Effectiveness of workplace disability management programs This report presents a Campbell systematic review on the effectiveness of workplace disability management programs (WPDM programs) promoting return to work (RTW), as implemented a ...