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Systematic reviews

Integration of HIV/AIDS services with maternal, neonatal and child health, nutrition, and family planning services

Lindegren, M., et al MNCHN-FP, HIV/AIDS, Prevention, Treatment Integrating HIV/AIDS prevention and treatment services with services focused on the health of mothers, infants and children, as well as on nutrition and family planning (MNCHN-FP) may improve ...

High initial concentration versus low initial concentration sevoflurane for inhalational induction of anaesthesia

Boonmak, P., et al A comparison of the induction times and complications between high and low initial concentration sevoflurane induction in patients who received inhalational induction for general anaesthesia. We defined 'high' as greater and & ...

Chinese medicinal herbs for mumps

Shu, M., et al Chinese medicinal herbs, Mumps Mumps (epidemic parotitis) is an infection caused by the multiplication of the mumps virus in the upper respiratory tract. It can range from a mild upper respiratory disease to serious complications. Herbal me ...

Atypical antipsychotics for disruptive behaviour disorders in children and youths

Loy, J.H., et al Atypical antipsychotics, Placebo, Disruptive behaviour disorder, Children, Youths Children and young people with disruptive behaviour disorders often present with aggression and severe behaviour problems. These can result in families seek ...

Antibiotics for otitis media with effusion in children

van Zon, A. et al Antibiotics, Children, Otitis media with effusion OME Otitis media with effusion (OME) or 'glue ear' is one of the most common conditions of early childhood. Glue ear means that there is fluid in the middle ear space behind the ...

Amniotic membrane transplantation for acute ocular burns

Clare, G. et al Acute ocular surface burns, Eyesight, Blindness Ocular surface burns vary in severity from mild and self-limiting to devastating injuries characterised by failure of regeneration of the ocular surface, leading to blindness and disfiguremen ...

Acupuncture for Mumps in Children

He, Jing et al Acupuncture, Children, Mumps. Mumps is an acute, viral illness transmitted by respiratory droplets and saliva. A number of studies published in China have suggested that acupuncture is beneficial for children with mumps but the literature r ...

The Epidemiology of Low Back Pain in Primary Care

Kent, P. M. and Keating, J. L. Current knowledge on prevalence, activity limitation (disability), care-seeking, natural history and clinical course, treatment outcome, and costs of low back pain (LBP) This descriptive review provides a summary of the prev ...

Burden of major musculoskeletal conditions

Woolf AD, Pfleger B Musculoskeletal condition, Osteoarthritis, Rheumatoid arthritis, Osteoporosis Musculoskeletal conditions are a major burden on individuals, health systems, and social care systems, with indirect costs being predominant. This burden has ...

Healthcare librarians and the delivery of critical appraisal training: Barriers to involvement

Maden-Jenkins, M. Knowledge, Information services Many healthcare librarians are undertaking training in critical appraisal but a significant number are not cascading the training to their end-users. To examine the barriers to healthcare librarian involve ...

Interventions to achieve long-term weight loss in obese older people

Systematic ReviewA systematic review and meta-analysisMiles D. Witham1 and Alison Avenell2 1 Section of Ageing and Health, University of Dundee, Ninewells Hospital, Dundee DD1 9SY, UK2 Health Services Research Unit, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, UK Ad ...

Scared Straight and other juvenile awareness programs for preventing juvenile deliquency

Petrosino, A, Turpin-Petrosino, C. and Buehler, J. Detering future juvenile offending Programs like 'Scared Straight' involve organized visits to prison facilities by juvenile delinquents or children at risk for becoming delinquent. The programs ...

Street-level drug law enforcement: A meta-analytic review

Mazerolle, L., Soole, D.W. and Rombouts, S. Effectiveness of police-led drug law enforcement An atmosphere of ineffectiveness regarding the ability of police to address crime problems in general and street-level drug problems in particular prevailed in th ...

School-based education programmes for the prevention of child sexual abuse

Zwi, K. et al. Child abuse School-based programmes for preventing child sex abuse may improve knowledge and selfprotective behaviours but also increase anxiety; further research is needed. Childhood sexual abuse is a serious problem for school aged childr ...

Behavioural and cognitive behavioural training interventions for assisting foster carers in the management of difficult behaviour

Turner, W., Macdonald, G. M. and Dennis, J. A. Behavioural training Behavioural and cognitive behavioural training interventions for assisting foster carers in the management of difficult behaviour- no strong evidence yet.Providing training for foster car ...

Dropout prevention and intervention programs: effects on school completion and dropout among school-aged children and youth

Wilson, S. J. et al. SCHOOL, TEENAGE PREGNANCY, YOUNG PEOPLE, EDUCATION Dropping out of high school is associated with numerous detrimental consequences, including low wages, unemployment, incarceration, and poverty. There are a large number of school and ...

Cognitive-Behavioral treatment for antisocial behavior in youth in residential treatment

Armelius, B. and Andreassen, H. BEHAVIOUR, BEHAVIOURAL CHANGE, CRIME, YOUNG PEOPLE Results of twelve studies, five RCTs and seven non-RCTs including a control group, conducted in the USA, Canada and Great Britain suggest that Cognitive Behavioral Treatmen ...

Serious (violent and chronic) juvenile offenders: A systematic review of treatment effectiveness in secure corrections

Garrido, V. and Morales, L.A. Juvenile delinquency Juveniles responsible for violent offenses are at high risk of becoming chronic offenders, committing many types of offenses. A challenge in the treatment of the these violent or chronic delinquents is th ...

Treatment Foster Care for improving outcomes in children and young people

MacDonald, G.M. and Turner, W. Impact of TFC on psychosocial and behavioural outcomes Treatment foster care (TFC) is a foster family-based intervention that aims to provide young people (and, where appropriate, their families) with a tailored programme de ...

Personal assistance for older adults (65+) without dementia

Montgomery, P., Mayo-Wilson, E. and Dennis, J. Effectiveness of personal assistance for older adults with impairments There is a high prevalence of impairments among people 65+, and the elderly population is increasing in the West. Many countries offer pe ...