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Cochrane Reviews

Antibiotics for exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

Vollenweider, D., et al Antibiotics, Acute COPD exacerbation,Treatment failure, Primary outcome, Mortality, Adverse events, Length of hospital stay Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a chronic condition, often caused by smoking, which affects ...

Interventions for providers to promote a patient-centred approach in clinical consultations

Dwamena, F., et al Healthcare providers, Patient-centred care (PCC), Clinical consultations Problems may arise when healthcare providers focus on managing diseases rather than on people and their health problems. Patient-centred approaches to care deliver ...

Psychological therapies for the treatment of post-traumatic stress disorder in children and adolescents

Gillies, D., et al To examine the effectiveness of psychological therapies in treating children and adolescents who have been diagnosed with PTSD Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is highly prevalent in children and adolescents who have experienced tr ...

Early developmental intervention programmes post-hospital discharge to prevent motor and cognitive impairments in preterm infants

Spittle, A., et al Early developmental intervention, Post-discharge, Hospital, Preterm infant, Motor development, Cognitive development Preterm infants (babies born before 37 weeks) are at risk of development problems, including problems with cognitive an ...

Sweet-tasting solutions for needle-related procedural pain in infants one month to one year of age

Kassab, M., et al To determine the effectiveness of sweet-tasting solutions for needle-related procedural pain in infants one month to one year of age compared with no treatment, placebo, other sweet-tasting solutions, or pharmacological or other non-phar ...

Psychosocial interventions for reducing antipsychotic medication in care home residents

Richter, T., et al To evaluate the effectiveness of psychosocial interventions to reduce antipsychotic medication in care home residents In care homes, antipsychotic medication is commonly prescribed to control so called 'behavioural and psychologica ...

Cranberries for Preventing Urinary Tract Infections

Jepson, R.G., Williams, G. and Craig, J.C Cranberry products, Urinary tract infections (UTIs) Cranberries have been used widely for several decades for the prevention and treatment of urinary tract infections (UTIs). This is the third update of this revie ...

Psychosocial interventions for people with both severe mental illness and substance misuse.

Objective: To assess the effects of psychosocial interventions for reduction in substance use in people with a serious mental illness compared with standard care. Conclusion: We included 32 RCTs and found no compelling evidence to support any one psychoso ...

Safety of regular formoterol or salmeterol in children with asthma: an overview of Cochrane reviews

Cates, C.J., et al To assess the safety of regular formoterol or salmeterol, either as monotherapy or as combination therapy, in children with asthma Asthma is a common condition that affects the airways, the small tubes that carry air in and out of the l ...

Prophylactic antibiotics to reduce the risk of urinary tract infections after urodynamic studies

Foon, R., Toozs-Hoson, P. and Latthe, P. To assess the effectiveness and safety of administering prophylactic antibiotics in reducing the risk of urinary tract infections after urodynamic studies. The hypothesis was that administering prophylactic antibio ...

Pregabalin monotherapy for epilepsy

Zhou, Q., Zheng, J., Yu, L. and Jia, X. To determine the efficacy and tolerability of pregabalin in people with epilepsy A number of people continue to have seizures and many experience adverse effects, despite current antiepileptic treatments. As a resul ...

Nebulised surfactant in preterm infants with or at risk of respiratory distress syndrome

Abdel-Latif, M. and Osborn, D.A. Nebulised surfactant administration, Prophylaxis, Treatment, Placebo, Intratracheal surfactant administration, Morbidity, Mortality, Preterm infant, Respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) There is insufficient evidence from r ...

Male involvement for increasing the effectiveness of prevention of mother-to-child HIV transmission (PMTCT) programmes

Brusamento, S., et al PMTCT interventions, Developing countries, Family health During the past ten years, national governments and international agencies have strengthened the implementation of PMTCT programmes. However, the majority of women still do not ...

Interventions for oropharyngeal dysphagia in children with neurological impairment

Morgan, A.T., dodrill, P. and Ward, E.C. Oropharyngeal dysphagia, Neurological impairment, Swollowing Oropharyngeal dysphagia, or swallowing difficulty, can be defined as problems with chewing and preparing food, difficulty moving food through the mouth t ...

Incentives for preventing smoking in children and adolescents

Johnston, V., Liberato, S. and Thomas, D. Incentives, Prevention, Children, Adolescents, Smoke. Intervention Most smokers start smoking before they are 18 years old. Starting smoking earlier in life means a smoker will smoke for more years than someone wh ...

Early intensive behavioral intervention (EIBI) for young children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD)

Reichow, B., Barton, E.E., Boyd, B.A. and Hume, K. Functional behavior, Skill, Young children, Autism spectrum disorder, ASD Early intensive behavioral intervention (EIBI) is one of the most widely used treatments for children with autism spectrum disorde ...

Curcumin for maintenance of remission in ulcerative colitis

Kumar, S., et al Ulcerative colitis (UC), Chronic inflammatory condition Curcumin is a natural anti-inflammatory agent that is often used in many chronic inflammatory conditions including rheumatoid arthritis, esophagitis and post-surgical inflammation. T ...

Corticosteroids for parasitic eosinophilic meningitis

Thanaviratananich, S., et al Corticosteroids, Eosinophilic meningitis Eosinophilic meningitis is an inflammation of the membrane covering the brain which can be broadly categorised into infectious and non-infectious causes. Among infectious aetiologies, A ...

Integration of HIV/AIDS services with maternal, neonatal and child health, nutrition, and family planning services

Lindegren, M., et al MNCHN-FP, HIV/AIDS, Prevention, Treatment Integrating HIV/AIDS prevention and treatment services with services focused on the health of mothers, infants and children, as well as on nutrition and family planning (MNCHN-FP) may improve ...

High initial concentration versus low initial concentration sevoflurane for inhalational induction of anaesthesia

Boonmak, P., et al A comparison of the induction times and complications between high and low initial concentration sevoflurane induction in patients who received inhalational induction for general anaesthesia. We defined 'high' as greater and & ...