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Cochrane Reviews

Different types of dietary advice for women with gestational diabetes mellitus

Han, S., et al Dietary advice, Women, GDM, Pregnancy outcomes Each year, a significant number of pregnant women around the world develop gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), defined as glucose intolerance or high blood glucose concentration (hyperglycaemi ...

Continuous versus intermittent infusions of antibiotics for the treatment of severe acute infections

Shiu, J., et al Intravenous administration, Antibiotics, Bacterial infection Intravenous (through the vein) antibiotics are used to treat severe bacterial infections.  Currently, the most common way to administer intravenous antibiotics is by intermittent ...

Consumer-providers of care for adult clients of statutory mental health services

Pitt, V., et al Employing, Mental health service Past or present consumers of mental health services can work in partnership with mental health professionals in 'consumer-provider' roles, when providing mental health services to others. Their ro ...

Computer-based diabetes self-management interventions for adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus

Pal, k., et al Health status, Quality of life, Diabetes, Self-management Diabetes is one of the commonest long-term medical conditions, affecting around 347 million adults worldwide. Around 90% of them have type 2 diabetes and are at significant risk of d ...

Anti-D administration after spontaneous miscarriage for preventing Rhesus alloimmunisation

Karanth, L., et al Anti-D immunoglobulin (Ig), Spontaneous miscarriage, Rh-negative, Woman, Anti-D antibodies A Rhesus-negative (Rh-negative) pregnant woman might develop Rh antibodies in her blood stream when she carries a Rh-positive baby. The subsequen ...

Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors for proteinuria and microalbuminuria in people with sickle cell disease

Sasongko. T.H., Nagalla, S. and Ballas, S.K. ACE inhibitor administration, Sickle cell disease, Intraglomerular pressure, Microalbuminuria, Proteinuria, Adverse effects Sickle cell disease is a group of inherited disorders that often lead to kidney damage ...

Interventions for nail psoriasis

de Vries, A.C.Q., et al Nail psoriasis, Skin disease Psoriasis is a common chronic skin disease with a prevalence in 2% to 3% of the population, according to European studies. Involvement of the nails occurs in about 50%. Nail psoriasis is difficult to tr ...

Hysteroscopy for treating subfertility associated with suspected major uterine cavity abnormalities

Bosteels, J., et al Hysteroscopic removal, Endometrial polyps, Submucous fibroids, Uterine septum, Intrauterine adhesions, Ultrasound, Hysterosalpingography, Diagnostic hysteroscopy, Intrauterine insemination (IUI), In vitro fertilisation (IVF), Intracyto ...

Human chorionic gonadotrophin (hCG) for preventing miscarriage

Morley, L.C., Simpson, N. and Tang, T. hCG, Prevention, Miscarriage Miscarriage is the loss of a pregnancy before 24 weeks of gestation. Recurrent miscarriage (RM) is the loss of three or more consecutive pregnancies, which can cause significant physical ...

High-volume haemofiltration for sepsis

Borthwick, E.M.J., et al This review assessed whether HVHF improves clinical outcome in adult critically ill patients with sepsis in an ICU setting Severe sepsis and septic shock are among the most common causes of death in adults who are sufficiently ill ...

Gases for establishing pneumoperitoneum during laparoscopic abdominal surgery

Cheng, Y., et al Pneumoperitoneum, Patient, Laparoscopic abdominal surgery Laparoscopic surgery is now widely performed to treat various abdominal diseases. Traditionally, the first step during laparoscopic surgery is to distend the abdomen, including ent ...

Exercise for improving outcomes after osteoporotic vertebral fracture

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Cerebrolysin for vascular dementia

Chen, N., et al Cerebrolysin, Vascular dementia, Treatment Vascular dementia (VaD) is a common disorder which currently lacks definitive treatments. Cerebrolysin, a peptide preparation produced from purified pig brain proteins, seems to be a promising int ...

Behavioral interventions for improving contraceptive use among women living with HIV

Lopez, L.M., et al Behavioral intervention, HIV-positive women, Contraceptive choice, Contraceptive use Counseling can help HIV-positive women meet their goals for family planning. It can also help prevent giving the virus to their infants. Due to better ...

Anti-vascular endothelial growth factor for macular oedema secondary to branch retinal vein occlusion

Mitty, D., Bunce, C. and Charteris, D. Intravitreal anti-VEGF agent, Retinal vein, BRVO Branch retinal vein occlusion (BRVO) occurs when a retinal vein that drains part of the retina becomes blocked. BRVO can affect approximately four to five people per 1 ...

Antenatal interventions for reducing weight in obese women for improving pregnancy outcome

Furber, C.M., et al Weight reduction, Obese, Obesity, Overweight, Pregnant women Pregnant women who are obese risk serious complications for themselves and their children. The mother is more likely to develop diabetes or high blood pressure or pre-eclamps ...

Acupuncture for hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy in neonates

Wong, V., Cheuk, DLK., and Chu, V. Acupuncture, Mortality, Morbidity, Neonate, Infant, Newborn Hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) occurs in newborn infants when they lack oxygen in the peripartum period. HIE causes significant morbidity and mortality. ...

Interventions for recruiting smokers into cessation programmes

Marcano Belisario, J.S., et al Smokers, Smoking cessation programmes A lot of time and money has been invested in programmes to help those who smoke to quit. However, there is currently not enough information about the best way to encourage smokers to ent ...

Managed alcohol as a harm reduction intervention for alcohol addiction in populations at high risk for substance abuse

Muckle, W., et al MAP treatment regimens, Alcohol, Alcoholic, Moderate drinking, Self-controlled drinking, Screening, Harm reduction approach, Traditional abstinence-based intervention, 12 step programme Managed alcohol programmes (MAPs) are harm reductio ...

Recombinant human growth hormone for treating burns and donor sites

Breedervel, R. and Tuinebreijer, W.E. To determine the effects of rhGH on the healing rate of burn wounds and donor sites in people with burns. Growth hormone is produced by the pituitary gland. For decades, it could only be obtained by extraction from pi ...