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Omega 3 fatty acids for prevention and treatment of cardiovascular disease

Hooper, L. et al Heart disease It has been suggested that omega 3 (W3, n-3 or omega-3) fats from oily fish and plants are beneficial to health. The objective of this review is to assess whether dietary or supplemental omega 3 fatty acids alter total morta ...

Reduced dietary salt for the prevention of cardiovascular disease

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Reduced or modified dietary fat for preventing cardiovascular disease

Hooper, L. et al Heart disease Reduction and modification of dietary fats have differing effects on cardiovascular risk factors (such as serum cholesterol), but their effects on important health outcomes are less clear. The objective of this review is to ...

Artichoke leaf extract for treating hypercholesterolaemia

Wider, B. et al Hypercholesterolaemia Hypercholesterolaemia is directly associated with an increased risk for coronary heart disease and other sequelae of atherosclerosis. Artichoke leaf extract (ALE) has been implicated in lowering cholesterol levels. Wh ...

Chinese herbal medicines for hypercholesterolemia

Lan Lui, Z. et al Chinese medicine Hypercholesterolemia is an important key contributory factor for ischemic heart disease and is associated with age, high blood pressure, a family history of hypercholesterolemia, and diabetes. Chinese herbal medicines ha ...

Low-fat diets for acquired hypercholesterolaemia

Smart, N.A. et al Hypercholesterolaemia Hypercholesterolaemia, characterised by raised blood cholesterol levels, is not a disease itself but a metabolic derangement that often contributes to many diseases, notably cardiovascular disease. In most cases, el ...

Psychological interventions for symptomatic management of non-specific chest pain in patients with normal coronary anatomy

Kisely, S.P. et al Chest pain Recurrent chest pain in the absence of coronary artery disease is a common problem that sometimes leads to excess use of medical care. Although many studies examine the causes of pain in these patients, few clinical trials ha ...

Alternative versus standard packages of antenatal care for low-risk pregnancy

Dowswell, T. et al Antenatal care The number of visits for antenatal (prenatal) care developed without evidence of how many visits are necessary. The content of each visit also needs evaluation. The objective of this review is to compare the effects of an ...

Antenatal day care units versus hospital admission for women with complicated pregnancy

Dowswell, T., Middleton, P. and Weeks, A. Antenatal care Antenatal day care units have been widely used as an alternative to inpatient care for women with pregnancy complications including mild and moderate hypertension, and preterm prelabour rupture of t ...

Community-based intervention packages for reducing maternal and neonatal morbidity and mortality and improving neonatal outcomes

Lassi, Z.S., Haider, B.A. and Bhutta, Z.A. Antenatal care Background While maternal, infant and under-five child mortality rates in developing countries have declined significantly in the past two to three decades, newborn mortality rates have reduced muc ...

Repeat digital cervical assessment in pregnancy for identifying women at risk of preterm labour

Alexander, S. et al Antenatal care Repeat digital cervical assessment (RDCA- examination of the cervix with a finger) has been promoted as a routine intervention in the antenatal clinic as a screening test for the risk of preterm birth (that is, birth occ ...

School-Based Programs to Reduce Bullying and Victimization

Farrington, D.P. and Ttofi, M.M. Bullying in schools School bullying has serious short-term and long-term effects on children’s physical and mental health. Various anti-bullying programs have been implemented world wide and, more rarely, evaluated. Previo ...

Personal assistance for adults (19-64) with both physical and intellectual impairments

Mayo-Wilson, E., Montgomery, P. and Dennis, J. Review investigated the effectiveness of personal assistance versus any other form of care for adults with both physical and intellectual impairments There is a high incidence of impairments among working age ...

Physical activity programs for persons with dementia

Forbes, D., Forbes, S., Morgan, D. G., Markle-Reid, M., Wood, J. and Culum, I. Study of the effectiveness of physical activity programs in managing or improving cognition, function, behaviour, depression, and mortality in people with dementia There is som ...

Physical fitness training for stroke patients

Saunders, D. H., Greig, C. A., Young, A. and Mead, G. E. Review of physical Fitness Training interventions for stroke patients Stroke patients have impaired physical fitness and this may exacerbate their disability. It is not known whether improving physi ...

Policy interventions implemented through sporting organisations for promoting healthy behaviour change

Priest, N., Armstrong, R., Doyle, J. and Waters, E. Health promoting policies to create health promoting environments and to support health-oriented behaviour change. Sporting organisations provide an important setting for health promotion strategies that ...

Prevention of suicide and suicidal behaviour in adolescents

Stevens, M., Bond, L., Pryce, C., Roberts, H. M. and Stephen Platt, S. Review of interventions for the prevention of suicide in youmg people The objectives of the intervention are: 1. To determine whether school, community, primary health-care or other in ...

Primary prevention for alcohol misuse in young people

Foxcroft, D. Ireland, D., Lowe, G. and Breen, R. Review of educational and psychosocial prevention programmes for the reduction of alcohol misuse in young people Alcohol misuse is a cause of concern for health services, policy makers, prevention workers, ...

Progressive resistive exercise interventions for adults living with HIV/AIDS

O'Brien, K., Nixon, S., Glazier, R. and Tynan, A. Review of of the effectiveness and safety of progressive resistive exercise for people living with HIV Due to medical advancements, many people living with HIV infection in developed countries are liv ...

Psychological and/or educational interventions for the prevention of depression in children and adolescents

Merry, S. N., McDowell, H. H., Hetrick, S. E., Bir, J. and Muller, N. Review of interventions of whether psychological depression prevention programs were effective in preventing depression Depression is the fourth most important disease in the estimation ...