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Systematic reviews

Social norms interventions to reduce alcohol misuse in University or College students

Moreira, M., Smith, L. and Foxcroft, D. Alcohol misuse in universities Drinking is influenced by youth (mis)perceptions of how their peers drink. If misperceptions can be corrected, young people may drink. The objective of this review is to determine whet ...

Universal family-based prevention programs for alcohol misuse in young people

Foxcroft, D.R. and Tsertsvadze Alcohol misuse Alcohol misuse in young people is a cause of concern for health services, policy makers, prevention workers, and criminal justice system, youth workers, teachers, and parents. The objective of this review is t ...

Reduction versus abrupt cessation in smokers who want to quit

Lindson, N., Aveyard, P. and Hughes, J.R. Smoking cessation The standard way to stop smoking is to quit abruptly on a designated quit day. A number of smokers have tried unsuccessfully to quit this way. Reducing smoking before quitting could be an alterna ...

Acupuncture and related interventions for smoking cessation

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Hypnotherapy for smoking cessation

Barnes, J. et al Smoking cessation Hypnotherapy is widely promoted as a method for aiding smoking cessation. It is proposed to act on underlying impulses to weaken the desire to smoke or strengthen the will to stop. The objective of this review is to eval ...

Healthcare financing systems for increasing the use of tobacco dependence treatment

Reda, A.A. et al Smoking cessation The authors hypothesized that provision of financial assistance for smokers trying to quit, or reimbursement of their care providers, could lead to an increased rate of successful quit attempts.   The primary objective o ...

Impact of tobacco advertising and promotion on increasing adolescent smoking behaviours

Lovato, C., Linn, G., Stead, L.F. and Best, A. Smoking advertisement The tobacco industry denies that their marketing is targeted at young nonsmokers, but it seems more probable that tobacco advertising and promotion influences the attitudes of nonsmoking ...

Interventions for preventing tobacco sales to minors

Stead, L.F. and Lancaster, T. Underage smoking Laws restricting sales of tobacco products to minors exist in many countries, but young people may still purchase cigarettes easily. The review assesses the effects of interventions to reduce underage access ...

Community pharmacy personnel interventions for smoking cessation

Sinclair, H., Bond, C.M. and Stead, L.F. Smoking cessation Smoking cessation is a potentially appropriate role for community pharmacists because they are encouraged to advise on the correct use of nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) products and to provide ...

Interventions for tobacco cessation in the dental setting

Carr, A. and Ebbert, J. Smoking cessation Tobacco use has significant adverse effects on oral health. Oral health professionals in the dental office or community setting have a unique opportunity to increase tobacco abstinence rates among tobacco users.   ...

Nursing interventions for smoking cessation

Rice, V.H. and Stead, L.F. Smoking cessation Healthcare professionals, including nurses, frequently advise patients to improve their health by stopping smoking. Such advice may be brief, or part of more intensive interventions. The objective of this revie ...

Physician advice for smoking cessation

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Family and carer smoking control programmes for reducing children's exposure to environmental tobacco smoke

Priest, N., et al Environmental, Child, Tobacco smoke Children's exposure to other people's cigarette smoke (environmental tobacco smoke, or ETS) is associated with a range of adverse health outcomes for children. Parental smoking is a common so ...

Interventions for preoperative smoking cessation

Thomsen, T., Villebro, N. and Moller, M. Preoperative smoking intervention Smokers have a substantially increased risk of postoperative complications. Preoperative smoking intervention may be effective in decreasing this incidence, and surgery may constit ...

Interventions for smoking cessation and reduction in individuals with schizophrenia

Tsoi, D.T., Porwal, M. and Webster, A.C. Smoking cessation Patients with schizophrenia smoke more heavily than the general population and this contributes to their higher morbidity and mortality from smoking-related illnesses. It remains unclear what inte ...

Interventions for waterpipe smoking cessation

Maziak, W., Ward, K.D. and Eissenberg, T. Smoking cessation Waterpipe smoking is a traditional method of tobacco use, especially in the Eastern Mediterranean Region, but its use is now spreading worldwide. It is smoked socially, often being shared between ...

Psychosocial interventions for smoking cessation in patients with coronary heart disease

Barth, J., Critchley, J.A. and Bengel, J. Smoking cessation Quitting smoking improves prognosis after a cardiac event, but many patients continue to smoke, and improved cessation aids are urgently required. The objective of this review is to assess the ef ...

Tobacco cessation interventions for young people

Grimshaw, G. and Stanton, A. Smoking cessation Most tobacco control programmes for adolescents are based around prevention of uptake, but teenage smoking is still common. It is unclear if interventions that are effective for adults can also help adolescen ...

Workplace interventions for smoking cessation

Cahill, K., Moher, M. and Lancaster, T. Smoking cessation The workplace has potential as a setting through which large groups of people can be reached to encourage smoking cessation. To categorize workplace interventions for smoking cessation tested in co ...

Mass media interventions for smoking cessation in adults

Bala, M., Strzeskynski, L. and Cahill, K. Smoking cessation Mass media tobacco control campaigns can reach large numbers of people. Much of the literature is focused on the effects of tobacco control advertising on young people, but there are also a numbe ...