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Systematic reviews

Methods of term labour induction for women with a previous caesarean section

Jozwiak, M. and Dodd, J.M. Labour induction, Women, Caesarean birth, Pregnancy Worldwide, caesarean birth is common, with percentages ranging from 25% to 50% of reported births. Current clinical practice guidelines support vaginal birth and trial of labou ...

Methods for administering subcutaneous heparin during pregnancy

Sasaki, H., et al Subcutaneous heparin (UFH or LMWH), Pregnant women Pregnant women have an increased risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE) when compared with non-pregnant women because of changes in blood clotting. VTE includes deep vein thrombosis (DVT) ...

Interventions to improve professional adherence to guidelines for prevention of device-related infections

Flodgren, G., et al Healthcare professional, Healthcare organisation, Infection control guidelines, Device-related infection rates Healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) are a major threat to patient safety, and are associated with mortality rates varyin ...

Inhaled corticosteroids for subacute and chronic cough in adults

Johnstone, K., et al Chronic cough, Adults Persistent cough is a common clinical problem. Despite thorough investigation and empirical management, a considerable proportion of those people with subacute and chronic cough have unexplained cough, for which ...

Human papillomavirus testing versus repeat cytology for triage of minor cytological cervical lesions

Arbyn, M., et al Women, ASCUS, LSIL, Cytological test, High-risk type, Human papillomavirus (hrHPV), Cervical cancer Atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance (ASCUS) and low-grade squamous intra-epithelial lesions (LSIL) are minor lesions of t ...

Helicopter emergency medical services for adults with major trauma

GalvagroJr., S.M., et l Helicopter emergency medical services transport (HEMS), Morbidity, Mortality, Ground emergency medical services transport (GEMS), Adults, Major trauma,Survival, Hospital discharge Trauma is a leading cause of death and disability w ...

FSH replaced by low-dose hCG in the late follicular phase versus continued FSH for assisted reproductive techniques

Martins, W.P., et al Low-dose hCG, FSH, Late follicular phase, Women, Assisted reproduction, Pregnancy, Ovary Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)- a relatively expensive drug- is commonly used for several days to stimulate the ovaries of women undergoing a ...

Folic acid supplementation during pregnancy for maternal health and pregnancy outcomes

Lassi, Z.S., et al Oral folic acid supplementation, Micronutrient, Pregnancy, Haematological, Biochemical parameters, Pregnancy outcomes Folate is a naturally occurring vitamin while folic aid is the synthetic replacement of folate used in most supplement ...

Effectiveness of the Valsalva Manoeuvre for reversion of supraventricular tachycardia

Smith, G.D., et al Valsalva Manoeuvre, Supraventricular tachycardia Supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) is a common heart abnormality which presents as a fast heart rate. This heart rhythm disturbance can occur in healthy individuals and may include sympto ...

Different types of dietary advice for women with gestational diabetes mellitus

Han, S., et al Dietary advice, Women, GDM, Pregnancy outcomes Each year, a significant number of pregnant women around the world develop gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), defined as glucose intolerance or high blood glucose concentration (hyperglycaemi ...

Continuous versus intermittent infusions of antibiotics for the treatment of severe acute infections

Shiu, J., et al Intravenous administration, Antibiotics, Bacterial infection Intravenous (through the vein) antibiotics are used to treat severe bacterial infections.  Currently, the most common way to administer intravenous antibiotics is by intermittent ...

Consumer-providers of care for adult clients of statutory mental health services

Pitt, V., et al Employing, Mental health service Past or present consumers of mental health services can work in partnership with mental health professionals in 'consumer-provider' roles, when providing mental health services to others. Their ro ...

Anti-D administration after spontaneous miscarriage for preventing Rhesus alloimmunisation

Karanth, L., et al Anti-D immunoglobulin (Ig), Spontaneous miscarriage, Rh-negative, Woman, Anti-D antibodies A Rhesus-negative (Rh-negative) pregnant woman might develop Rh antibodies in her blood stream when she carries a Rh-positive baby. The subsequen ...

Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors for proteinuria and microalbuminuria in people with sickle cell disease

Sasongko. T.H., Nagalla, S. and Ballas, S.K. ACE inhibitor administration, Sickle cell disease, Intraglomerular pressure, Microalbuminuria, Proteinuria, Adverse effects Sickle cell disease is a group of inherited disorders that often lead to kidney damage ...

Unemployment Benefit Exhaustion: Incentive Effects on Job Finding Rates: A Systematic Review

Filges, T., et al To study the impact of exhaustion of unemployment benefits In order to reduce unemployment levels, policymakers may wish to reduce the generosity of the unemployment system. While it may be politically intractable to lower the amount of ...

Interventions to Reduce Distress in Adult Victims of Sexual Violence and Rape: A Systematic Review

Regehr, C., et al Psychotherapeutic interventions, Symptoms of distress, Trauma, Victims, Sexual assault, Rape Beginning with the articulation of Rape Trauma Syndrome (Burgess 1974), the traumatic aftermath of sexual assault on victims has become a focus ...

Housing Improvements for Health and Associated Socio-economic Outcomes

Thomson, H., et al Social impact, Residents, Housing, Living standards The well established links between poor housing and poor health indicate that housing improvement may be an important mechanism through which public investment can lead to health impro ...

Interventions for nail psoriasis

de Vries, A.C.Q., et al Nail psoriasis, Skin disease Psoriasis is a common chronic skin disease with a prevalence in 2% to 3% of the population, according to European studies. Involvement of the nails occurs in about 50%. Nail psoriasis is difficult to tr ...

Hysteroscopy for treating subfertility associated with suspected major uterine cavity abnormalities

Bosteels, J., et al Hysteroscopic removal, Endometrial polyps, Submucous fibroids, Uterine septum, Intrauterine adhesions, Ultrasound, Hysterosalpingography, Diagnostic hysteroscopy, Intrauterine insemination (IUI), In vitro fertilisation (IVF), Intracyto ...

Human chorionic gonadotrophin (hCG) for preventing miscarriage

Morley, L.C., Simpson, N. and Tang, T. hCG, Prevention, Miscarriage Miscarriage is the loss of a pregnancy before 24 weeks of gestation. Recurrent miscarriage (RM) is the loss of three or more consecutive pregnancies, which can cause significant physical ...