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Systematic reviews

Peritoneal closure versus no peritoneal closure for patients undergoing non-obstetric abdominal operations

Gurusamy, K.S., et al To compare the benefits and harms of parietal peritoneal closure compared with no parietal peritoneal closure in patients undergoing non-obstetric abdominal operations The peritoneum is the inner lining of the abdomen (tummy). After ...

Perioperative statin therapy for improving outcomes during and after noncardiac vascular surgery

Sanders, R.D., et al The authors examined whether short-term statin therapy, commenced before or on the day of noncardiac vascular surgery and continuing for at least 48 hours afterwards, improves patient outcomes including the risk of complications, pain ...

Pegylated liposomal doxorubicin for relapsed epithelial ovarian cancer

Lawrie, T.A., et al To assess the efficacy and safety of PLD in women with relapsed epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) The choice of chemotherapy in women with relapsed epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) is influenced by the duration of the platinum-free interv ...

Low molecular weight heparin for prevention of microvascular occlusion in digital replantation

Chen, Y., et al Subcutaneous LMWH treatment, Digits, Patients, Digital replantation, Traumatic amputation Microvascular surgery refers to any surgery involving small sized blood vessels that is performed under the operating microscope, allowing the repair ...

Interventions to promote informed consent for patients undergoing surgical and other invasive healthcare procedures

Kinnersley, P., et al Patients, Clinicians, Healthcare system, Surgical procedures, Invasive healthcare treatments Before patients have an operation or other invasive procedure (e.g. endoscopy) it is crucial for the healthcare professional to explain what ...

CHIVA method for the treatment of chronic venous insufficiency

Bellmunt-Montoya, S., et al CHIVA method, Alternative therapeutic technique, Varicose veins Chronic venous insufficiency (CVI) is a disorder in which veins fail to pump blood back to the heart adequately. It can cause varicose veins, skin ulcers, and supe ...

Anthracycline-containing regimens for treatment of follicular lymphoma in adults

Itchaki, G., et al ACRs, Chemotherapy regimens, Treatment FL is the most common indolent non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL). It is a slowly progressive disease, with a risk of transformation to a more aggressive lymphoma. Advanced disease (stage III and IV ...

Acupuncture for stress urinary incontinence in adults

Wang, Y., et al Acupuncture, Stress urinary incontinence, Adults Stress urinary incontinence is a common disease among older people, especially women. The symptoms are leakage of urine when the person coughs, laughs or exercises. It affects social, psycho ...

Acetaminophen (paracetamol) for the common cold in adults

Li, S., et al Safety, Aetaminophen, Treatment, Common cold, Adult The common cold is the most frequent viral infection of the upper respiratory tract. Adults in the US experience two to four colds per year. The symptoms of the common cold usually include ...

Efficacy of motivational interviewing for smoking cessation: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Heckman, C.J. and Egleston, B.. Smoking cessation A systematic review and meta-analysis to investigate the efficacy of interventions incorporating motivational interviewing for smoking cessation and identify correlates of treatment effects. Systematic Rev ...

Workplace pedometer interventions for increasing physical activity

Freak-Poli, R.L.A., et al To assess the effectiveness of pedometer interventions in the workplace for increasing physical activity and improving subsequent health outcomes The World Health Organization recommends that most people should undertake at least ...

The medical use of cannabis for reducing morbidity and mortality in patients with HIV/AIDS

Lutge, E., et al To assess whether cannabis (in its natural or artificially produced form), either smoked or ingested, decreases the morbidity or mortality of patients infected with HIV The use of cannabis (marijuana), its active ingredient or synthetic f ...

Swimming training for asthma in children and adolescents aged 18 years and under

Beggs, S., et al To determine the effectiveness and safety of swimming training as an intervention for asthma in children and adolescents aged 18 years and under Asthma is a common condition among children and adolescents causing intermittent wheezing, co ...

Sulphonylurea monotherapy for patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus

Hemmingsen, B., et al To assess the effects of sulphonylurea monotherapy versus placebo, no intervention or other antidiabetic interventions for patients with T2DM Sulphonylureas are widely used for patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Sulphonylureas l ...

Screening women for intimate partner violence in healthcare settings

Taft, A., et al To assess the effectiveness of screening for intimate partner violence conducted within healthcare settings for identification, referral to support agencies and health outcomes for women Women who have experienced physical, psychological o ...

Rutosides for treatment of post-thrombotic syndrome

Morling, J.R., et al To determine the effectiveness and safety of rutosides for treatment of PTS in patients with DVT compared to placebo, no intervention, elastic compression stockings (ECS) or any other treatment Blood clots in the veins of the leg are ...

Rutosides for prevention of post-thrombotic syndrome

Morling, J.R., et al To determine the effectiveness and safety of rutosides for prevention of PTS in patients with DVT, compared to placebo, no intervention, or reference medication Blood clots in the veins of the leg are a common problem and are termed d ...

Physical tests for shoulder impingements and local lesions of bursa, tendon or labrum that may accompany impingement

Hanchard, N.C.A., et al To evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of physical tests for shoulder impingements (subacromial or internal) or local lesions of bursa, rotator cuff or labrum that may accompany impingement, in people whose symptoms and/or history sug ...

Physical exercise training interventions for children and young adults during and after treatment for childhood cancer

Braam, K.I., et al To evaluate the effect of a physical exercise training intervention (at home, at a physical therapy centre, or hospital based) on the physical fitness of children with cancer, in comparison with the physical fitness in a care as usual c ...

Phyllanthus species versus antiviral drugs for chronic hepatitis B virus infection

Xia, Y., et al To evaluate the benefits and harms of phyllanthus species compared with antiviral drugs for patients with chronic HBV infection. Chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection causes significant mortality, morbidity, and it is an economic burden ...