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Psychosocial interventions for patients with head and neck cancer

Semple, C., et al To assess the effectiveness of psychosocial interventions to improve quality of life and psychosocial well-being for patients with head and neck cancer There is a steady rise in the number of people being diagnosed with head and neck can ...

Routine vaginal examinations for assessing progress of labour to improve outcomes for women and babies at term

Downe, S., et al o compare the effectiveness, acceptability and consequences of digital vaginal examination(s) (alone or within the context of the partogram) with other strategies, or different timings, to assess progress during labour at term For a baby ...

The Helsinki Statement on Health in All Policies

Global Conference on Health Promotion Participants To promote health and equity The focus of the 8th Global Conference on Health Promotion was on how to promote health and equity by implementing the Health in All Policies approach. The key outcomes of Con ...

Successes and failures of health policy in Europe. Four decades of divergent trends and converging challenges

World Health Organization (WHO) This report considers the impact health policy has had on population health In the last 40 years, the health of Europeans overall has improved markedly, yet progress has been very uneven from country to country. This report ...

Status report on alcohol and health in 35 European countries 2013

World Health Organization (WHO) Alcohol consumption and related harm People in the WHO European Region consume the most alcohol per head in the world. In the European Union (EU), alcohol accounts for about 120 000 premature deaths per year: 1 in 7 in men ...

Country implementation of the International Code of Marketing of Breast-milk Substitutes: Status Report 2011

World Health Organization (WHO) Breast-milk substitutes Globally, breastfeeding has the potential to prevent 220 000 deaths among children under five each year. WHO recommends that all infants should be exclusively breastfed for the first six months of li ...

Research for Universal Health Coverage

World Health Organization (WHO) Access to health services Universal health coverage ensures everyone has access to the health services they need without suffering financial hardship as a result. In December 2012, a UN resolution was passed encouraging gov ...

Post-surgical chemotherapy versus surgery alone for resectable gastric cancer

Diaz-Nieto, R., et al To determine whether post-surgical chemotherapy should be used routinely in resectable gastric cancer Stomach cancer is the second leading cause of cancer-related death worldwide. Surgery is the only curative treatment offered to pat ...

The non-advertising effects of screen-based sedentary activities on acute eating behaviours in children, adolescents, and young adults. A systematic review.

Marsh, S., Mhurchu, CN. and Maddison, R. childhood obesity Sedentary screen time may be an important determinant of childhood obesity. A number of potential mechanisms to explain the link between screen time and increased bodyweight have been proposed; ho ...

Parenting styles, feeding styles, and their influence on child obesogenic behaviors and body weight. A review

Vollmer, R. and Mobley, AR childhood obesity With recommendations to include parents as targets for childhood obesity interventions, there is a need to review the relationship of general parenting influences on childhood obesity. Therefore, the aim of thi ...

Perioperative nutrition interventions for women with ovarian cancer

Billson, HA., et al This review was conducted to assess the effects of nutrition interventions during the perioperative period for women with ovarian cancer Women who have ovarian cancer, (a cancer which develops in the two organs (ovaries) that produce e ...

Search strategies to identify diagnostic accuracy studies in MEDLINE and EMBASE

Beynon, R., et al To systematically review empirical studies that report the development or evaluation, or both, of methodological search filters designed to retrieve DTA studies in MEDLINE and EMBASE A diagnostic test is any kind of medical test performe ...

Supported employment for adults with severe mental illness

Kinoshita, Y., et al To review the effectiveness of supported employment compared with other approaches to vocational rehabilitation or treatment as usual People with mental health problems experience high rates of unemployment. There are various schemes ...

Supraglottic airway devices versus tracheal intubation for airway management during general anaesthesia in obese patients

Nicholson, A., et al To examine whether supraglottic airway devices can be used as a safe and effective alternative to tracheal intubation in securing the airway during general anaesthesia in obese patients (with a body mass index (BMI) > 30 kg/m2) Pat ...

Systemic treatments for the prevention of venous thrombo-embolic events in paediatric cancer patients with tunnelled central venous catheters

Schoot, RA., et al To investigate the effects of preventive systemic treatments in paediatric cancer patients with tunnelled CVCs on (a)symptomatic VTE Children with cancer are at higher risk of thrombosis than children without cancer. This is a result of ...

Osmotic therapies added to antibiotics for acute bacterial meningitis

Wall, E.C.B., et al To evaluate the effects on mortality, deafness and neurological disability of osmotic therapies added to antibiotics for acute bacterial meningitis in children and adults Meningitis is a condition where bacteria, fungi or viruses sprea ...

Oxcarbazepine for neuropathic pain

Zhou, M., et al To determine the benefits and harms of oxcarbazepine for different forms of neuropathic pain Neuropathic pain is pain that arises from damage to the part of the nervous system that carries sensory information to the brain. It is difficult ...

Pathogen-reduced platelets for the prevention of bleeding

Butler, C., et al To assess the effectiveness of pathogen-reduced platelets for the prevention of bleeding in patients requiring platelet transfusions Blood for transfusion is collected from donors and then processed and stored as bags of different blood ...

Single dose oral ibuprofen plus codeine for acute postoperative pain in adults

Derry, S., Karlin, S.M. and Moore, R.A. To assess the analgesic efficacy and adverse effects of a single oral dose of ibuprofen plus codeine for moderate to severe postoperative pain. We compared ibuprofen plus codeine with placebo and with the same dose ...

Stent graft types for endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms

Duffy, J.M.N., et al This review aimed to assess the different stent graft types for endovascular repair of AAA An aneurysm is a localised widening of an artery. The abdominal aorta is the largest artery in the body, delivering blood from the heart to the ...