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Systematic reviews

Complex interventions for preventing diabetic foot ulceration

Dorresteijn, J.A.N., Knegsman, D.M.W. and Valk, G.D. Diabetic foot ulcers Ulceration of the feet, which can lead to the amputation of feet and legs, is a major problem for people with diabetes mellitus, and can cause substantial economic burden. Single pr ...

Concordance of Macular Pigment Measurement Using Customized Heterochromatic Flicker Photometry and Fundus Autofluorescence in Age-Related Macular Degeneration

Prado-Cabrero A. Beatty S. Stack J. Howard AN. Nolan JM Nutrition, Ageing, Older People, Mental Health, Alzheimer's Disease P URPOSE. We compared macular pigment (MP) measurements using customized heterochro- matic flicker photometry (Macular Metrics ...

Concordance of macular pigment measurements obtained using customized heterochromatic flicker photometry, dual-wavelength autofluorescence, and single-wavelength reflectance

Dennison JL, Stack J, Beatty S, Nolan JM Nutrition, Ageing, Older People, Mental Health, Alzheimer's Disease T his study compares in vivo measurements of macular pigment (MP) obtained using customized het- erochromatic fl icker photometry (cHFP; Macu ...

Consumer-providers of care for adult clients of statutory mental health services

Pitt, V., et al Employing, Mental health service Past or present consumers of mental health services can work in partnership with mental health professionals in 'consumer-provider' roles, when providing mental health services to others. Their ro ...

Continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII) versus multiple insulin injections for type 1 diabetes mellitus

Masso, M.L. et al Type 1 diabetes Type 1 diabetes is a metabolic disorder resulting from a defect in insulin secretion. Onset of type 1 diabetes mellitus may occur at any age and it is one of the most common chronic diseases of childhood and adolescence. ...

Continuous versus intermittent infusions of antibiotics for the treatment of severe acute infections

Shiu, J., et al Intravenous administration, Antibiotics, Bacterial infection Intravenous (through the vein) antibiotics are used to treat severe bacterial infections.  Currently, the most common way to administer intravenous antibiotics is by intermittent ...

Corporate Crime Deterrence: A Systematic Review

Crime, Offending, Offender, Legal Corporate crime is a poorly understood problem with little known about effective strategies to prevent and control it. Competing definitions of corporate crime affect how the phenomenon is studied and implications for red ...

Corticosteroids for parasitic eosinophilic meningitis

Thanaviratananich, S., et al Corticosteroids, Eosinophilic meningitis Eosinophilic meningitis is an inflammation of the membrane covering the brain which can be broadly categorised into infectious and non-infectious causes. Among infectious aetiologies, A ...

Curcumin for maintenance of remission in ulcerative colitis

Kumar, S., et al Ulcerative colitis (UC), Chronic inflammatory condition Curcumin is a natural anti-inflammatory agent that is often used in many chronic inflammatory conditions including rheumatoid arthritis, esophagitis and post-surgical inflammation. T ...

Debridement of diabetic foot ulcers

Edwards, J. and Stapley, S. Diabetic foot ulcers Foot ulceration is thought to affect 15% of people with diabetes at some time in their lives. Debridement is widely regarded as an effective intervention to speed up ulcer healing. The most effective method ...

Deep Impact: Unintended consequences of journal rank

Brembs, B. and Munafo, < Open Access publishing Most researchers acknowledge an intrinsic hierarchy in the scholarly journals (‘journal rank’) that they submit their work to, and adjust not only their submission but also their reading strategies accord ...

Diet and risk factors for age-related maculopathy

O'Connell ED, Nolan JM, Stack J, Greenberg D, Kyle J, Maddock L, Beatty S Nutrition, Ageing, Older People, Mental Health, Alzheimer's Disease Systematic Reviews https://docs.wixstatic.com/ugd/1427b7_8aa15a8eb89d4604a25f79f7089c8e66.pdf © Public ...

Dietary advice for reducing cardiovascular risk

Brunner, E. et al Heart disease Changes in population diet are likely to reduce cardiovascular disease and cancer, but the effect of dietary advice is uncertain. The objective of this review is to assess the effects of providing dietary advice to achieve ...

Different types of dietary advice for women with gestational diabetes mellitus

Han, S., et al Dietary advice, Women, GDM, Pregnancy outcomes Each year, a significant number of pregnant women around the world develop gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), defined as glucose intolerance or high blood glucose concentration (hyperglycaemi ...

Distinguishing between Experienced Utility and Remembered Utility

Adam Oliver Public Health Ethics In his 2015 book, Valuing Health, the philosopher, Daniel Hausman, in referring to experienced utility maximization, touches on the question of whether people accept, and ought to accept, the assumption of health maximizat ...

Does back and neck pain become more common as you get older? A systematic literature review

Fejer, R. and Leboeuf-Yde, C. Back pain, Neck pain It is generally believed that the prevalance aof back and neck pain increases with age and as the proportion of elderly will keep rising we may be facing public health concerns in the future. The aim of t ...

Dropout prevention and intervention programs: effects on school completion and dropout among school-aged children and youth

Wilson, S. J. et al. SCHOOL, TEENAGE PREGNANCY, YOUNG PEOPLE, EDUCATION Dropping out of high school is associated with numerous detrimental consequences, including low wages, unemployment, incarceration, and poverty. There are a large number of school and ...

Drug courts' effects on criminal offending for juviniles and adults

Mitchell, O., et al Drugs, Offender, Court, Legislation Drug courts are specialized courts in which court actors collaboratively use the legal and moral authority of the court to monitor drug-involved offenders’ abstinence from drug use via frequent drug ...

E-learning of evidence-based health care (EBHC) to increase EBHC competencies in healthcare professionals: a systematic review

Rohwer A. et al Health care, Doctor, Nurse, Learning, Health outcomes Evidence-based health care (EBHC) is decision-making for health care, informed by the best research evidence. Doctors, nurses and allied health professionals need to have the necessary ...

Early intensive behavioral intervention (EIBI) for young children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD)

Reichow, B., Barton, E.E., Boyd, B.A. and Hume, K. Functional behavior, Skill, Young children, Autism spectrum disorder, ASD Early intensive behavioral intervention (EIBI) is one of the most widely used treatments for children with autism spectrum disorde ...