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Systematic reviews

Parenting styles, feeding styles, and their influence on child obesogenic behaviors and body weight. A review

Vollmer, R. and Mobley, AR childhood obesity With recommendations to include parents as targets for childhood obesity interventions, there is a need to review the relationship of general parenting influences on childhood obesity. Therefore, the aim of thi ...

The non-advertising effects of screen-based sedentary activities on acute eating behaviours in children, adolescents, and young adults. A systematic review.

Marsh, S., Mhurchu, CN. and Maddison, R. childhood obesity Sedentary screen time may be an important determinant of childhood obesity. A number of potential mechanisms to explain the link between screen time and increased bodyweight have been proposed; ho ...

Post-surgical chemotherapy versus surgery alone for resectable gastric cancer

Diaz-Nieto, R., et al To determine whether post-surgical chemotherapy should be used routinely in resectable gastric cancer Stomach cancer is the second leading cause of cancer-related death worldwide. Surgery is the only curative treatment offered to pat ...

Interventions for the reduction of prescribed opioid use in chronic non-cancer pain

Windmill, J., et al Opioid use, Management, Chronic non-cancer pain About 1 in 5 adults suffer from moderate or severe chronic pain that is not caused by cancer. Some people with this type of pain are treated with opioids (typically with drugs like morphi ...

Efficacy of psychostimulant drugs for amphetamine abuse or dependence

Pérez-Mañá, P., et al Psychostimulant medication, Amphetamine abuse, Dependence Amphetamine dependence constitutes a public health problem with many consequences and complications. Amphetamine abuse refers to a maladaptive and hazardous pattern of use con ...

Early versus delayed laparoscopic cholecystectomy for acute gallstone pancreatitis

Selvan Gurusamy, K., et al Early laparoscopic cholecystectomy, Delayed laparoscopic cholecystectomy, Acute biliary pancreatitis The pancreas is an abdominal organ that secretes several digestive juices which help in the digestion of food. It also lodges t ...

Routine vaginal examinations for assessing progress of labour to improve outcomes for women and babies at term

Downe, S., et al o compare the effectiveness, acceptability and consequences of digital vaginal examination(s) (alone or within the context of the partogram) with other strategies, or different timings, to assess progress during labour at term For a baby ...

Psychosocial interventions for patients with head and neck cancer

Semple, C., et al To assess the effectiveness of psychosocial interventions to improve quality of life and psychosocial well-being for patients with head and neck cancer There is a steady rise in the number of people being diagnosed with head and neck can ...

Posture and fluids for preventing post-dural puncture headache

Arevalo-Rodriguez, I., et al To assess whether prolonged bed rest combined with different body and head positions, as well as administration of supplementary fluids after lumbar puncture, prevent the onset of PDPH in people undergoing lumbar puncture for ...

Postpartum misoprostol for preventing maternal mortality and morbidity

Hofmeyr, G.J., et al To review maternal deaths and severe morbidity in all randomised trials of misoprostol for prevention or treatment of PPH Bleeding from the uterus or womb after childbirth is normal, but excessive bleeding (haemorrhage) is an importan ...

Perioperative antibiotics for prevention of acute endophthalmitis after cataract surgery

gower, E.W., et al The objective of this review was to evaluate the effects of perioperative antibiotic prophylaxis for endophthalmitis following cataract surgery Endophthalmitis (inflammation of the inside of the eyeball due to infection or trauma) is a ...

Padma 28 for intermittent claudication

Morling, M.R., Maxwell, H. and Stewart, Marlene To determine whether Padma 28 is effective, compared with placebo or other medications, in increasing pain-free and maximum walking distance for patients with intermittent claudication Intermittent claudicat ...

Linezolid versus vancomycin for skin and soft tissue infections

Yue, J., et al Linezolid, Vancomycin, Treatment, SSTIs Skin and soft tissue infections such as impetigo, abscesses, ulcers, and surgical site infections are common infections of the skin. For serious skin and soft tissue infections involving the deeper ti ...

Interventions to encourage uptake of cancer screening for people with severe mental illness

Barley, E., et al Health professionals, Cancer screening, Mental illness, Smoking, Diet Cancer is a leading cause of death worldwide, accounting for approximately 13% of all deaths in 2007. Some studies have reported an increased incidence of cancer in pe ...

Interventions for implementation of thromboprophylaxis in hospitalized medical and surgical patients at risk for venous thromboembolism

Kahn, S.R., et al Thromboprophylaxis, Hospitalized adult patients, Venous thromboembolism (VTE) Blood clots which are classified as deep vein thrombosis (DVT) in the legs and pulmonary embolism (PE) in the lungs, together known as venous thromboembolism ( ...

Pharmacological agents for preventing morbidity associated with the haemodynamic response to tracheal intubation

Khan, F.A. and Ullah, H. The primary objective of this review was to determine the effectiveness of pharmacological agents in preventing the morbidity and mortality resulting from the haemodynamic changes in response to laryngoscopy and tracheal intubatio ...

Rifamycins (rifampicin, rifabutin and rifapentine) compared to isoniazid for preventing tuberculosis in HIV-negative people at risk of active TB

Shama, S.K., et al To compare the effects of rifampicin monotherapy or rifamycin-combination therapy versus INH monotherapy for preventing active TB in HIV-negative people at risk of developing active TB Tuberculosis (TB) is a disease that is caused by a ...

Vaccines for preventing enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) diarrhoea

Ahmed, T., et al To evaluate the efficacy, safety, and immunogenicity of vaccines for preventing ETEC diarrhoea Enterotoxigenic E. coli (ETEC) is a type of bacteria that can infect both children and adults, causing diarrhoea. In particular, it affects peo ...

Warfarin initiation nomograms for venous thromboembolism

Garcia, P., Ruiz, W. and Munarriz, C.L. To evaluate the efficacy of a 10-mg warfarin nomogram compared with a 5-mg warfarin nomogram among patients with VTE Venous thromboembolism is the presence of a blood clot that blocks a blood vessel within the venou ...

The impact of initiatives to limit the advertising of food and beverage products to children: a systematic review

Galbraith-Emami, S. and Lobstein, T. Food and drink advertising In response to increasing evidence that advertising of foods and beverages affects children's food choices and food intake, several national governments and many of the world's larg ...