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Cochrane Reviews

ultimedia educational interventions for consumers about prescribed and over-the-counter medications

Ciciriello, S., et al To assess the effects of multimedia patient education interventions about prescribed and over-the-counter medications in people of all ages, including children and carers Consumers need detailed information about their medications to ...

Monoclonal antibody for reducing the risk of respiratory syncytial virus infection in children

Andabaka, T., et al Palivizumab prophylaxis, Placebo, Prophylaxis, Risk of complications, Hospitalisation, RSV infection, Infants, Children Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection is a major cause of acute respiratory infections in children. RSV infec ...

Mammography in combination with breast ultrasonography versus mammography for breast cancer screening in women at average risk

Gartlehner, G., et al Mammography, Breast ultrasonography, Breast cancer, Screening, Women Worldwide, breast cancer is the most common malignancy in women. Evidence shows that mammography in healthy women 50 to 70 years of age can detect breast cancer ear ...

ung lavage for meconium aspiration syndrome in newborn infants

Hahn, S., et al To evaluate the effects of lung lavage on morbidity and mortality in newborn infants with MAS Meconium aspiration syndrome (MAS) is a disease of the newborn lung in which meconium, the fetal stool, is passed before birth and then is inhale ...

Levomepromazine for nausea and vomiting in palliative care

Darvill P., dorman, S. and Perkins, P. Levomepromazine, Treatment, Nausea, Vomiting, Palliative care patients Nausea and vomiting are common and very unpleasant symptoms that are often experienced by people receiving palliative care. There are several dif ...

Intra-articular glucocorticoids for acute gout

Wechalekar, M.D., et al Safety, Efficacy, Intra-articular glucocorticoids, Treatment, Acute gout This summary of a Cochrane review presents what we know from research about the effect of glucocorticoid injections (into affected joints) in people with acut ...

Interventions for treating traumatised permanent front teeth: luxated (dislodged) teeth

Belmonte, F.M., et al Interventions, Displaced luxated permanent front teeth Traumatic injuries to upper front teeth in children and young adults are common. The Cochrane Oral Health Group conducted this review to look at interventions to treat the front ...

Interventions for treating pain and disability in adults with complex regional pain syndrome

O'Connell, N.E., et al Therapeutic intervention, Pain reduction, Disability, Adults, Complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) Complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) is characterised by persistent pain, usually in the hands or feet, that is not proportion ...

Interventions for the prevention of postoperative ear discharge after insertion of ventilation tubes (grommets) in children

Mohammed Iqbal Syed, et al Prophylactic interventions, Topical, Systemic, Otorrhoea, Surgical insertion of grommets, Children The insertion of a grommet is a common surgical procedure performed in children. Ear discharge (otorrhoea) is often complained of ...

Interventions for the prevention of mycobacterium avium complex in adults and children with HIV

Muhammed Mubashir B Uthman, et al MAC infection, Adults, Children, HIV infection Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) infection is a common complication of advanced acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) disease and can shorten the survival of these patie ...

Interventions for hiring, retaining and training district health systems managers in low-and middle-income countries

Rockers, P.C. and Barnighausen, T. District health systems, Managers, Low income countries, iddle-income countries Researchers in the Cochrane Collaboration conducted a review of the effect of interventions to hire, retain and train district health system ...

Effectiveness of systematic screening for the detection of atrial fibrillation

Moran, P.S., et al Screening programme, Detection, Atrial fibrillation Atrial fibrillation is a common cardiac arrhythmia that makes the heart beat rapidly and irregularly. This can occur for brief episodes or may be continuous. Symptoms of the disease in ...

Desmopressin acetate (DDAVP) for preventing and treating acute bleeds during pregnancy in women with congenital bleeding disorders

Karanth, L., et al Desmopressin acetate, Acute bleeds, Pregancy, Congenital bleeding disorder Congenital bleeding disorders cause problems with bleeding during pregnancy, labour and delivery. Bleeding complications in women with congenital bleeding disord ...

Deflation of gastric band balloon in pregnancy for improving outcomes

Jrfferys, A.E., et al Maternal Outcomes, Perinatal outcomes, Elective gastric band balloon deflation, Balloon inflation, Pregnancy Obesity and excessive weight gain during pregnancy are associated with poor outcomes for mother and baby. These include gest ...

Corticosteroids for ocular toxoplasmosis

Jasper, S., et al Corticosteroids, Ocular toxoplasmosis Infestation with Toxoplasma gondii, a parasite, occurs in different body tissues including the eye. It occurs in people throughout the world. The main animal that hosts the organism is the cat, but i ...

Conservative interventions for treating diaphyseal fractures of the forearm bones in children

Madhuri, V., et al Diaphyseal forearm fracture, Ulna, Children, Adolescents, Injury The forearm consists of two bones, the radius and the ulna. Fractures (broken bones) in the middle portion (shaft) of one or both of these bones are common injuries in chi ...

Cognitive rehabilitation for executive dysfunction in adults with stroke or other adult non-progressive acquired brain damage

Chung, C.S.Y., et al Cognitive rehabilitation, Executive Dysfunction, Adults, Stroke, Non-progressive acquired brain injury Executive function is the term used to describe the brain processes that we use to organise ourselves and solve problems. Executive ...

Cholesterol-reducing agents for aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage

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Brief co-incubation of sperm and oocytes for in vitro fertilization techniques

Haung, Z., et al Co-incubation, Sperm, Oocytes, Overnight insemination protocol, Women, IVF In standard insemination protocols for IVF, oocytes are exposed to sperm for 15 to 20 hours. Such long term co-incubation with sperm may expose oocytes and zygotes ...

Biopsy versus resection for the management of low-grade gliomas

Veeravagu, A., et al Clinical effectiveness, Biopsy, Surgical resection, Patient, Lesion, LGG Low-grade gliomas (LGG) are slow growing, less aggressive brain tumors. There are two surgical management strategies (treatments) for a person with a suspected L ...