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Protein and energy supplementation in elderly people at risk from malnutrition

Milne, A.C., Potter, J., Vivanti, A. and Avenell, A. Malnutrition in elderly people Evidence for the effectiveness of nutritional supplements containing protein and energy, often prescribed for older people, is limited. Malnutrition is more common in this ...

Supplementary vitamin E, selenium, cysteine and riboflavin for preventing kwashiorkor in preschool children in developing countries

Odigwe, C. et al Protein Energy Malnutrition Protein Energy Malnutrition is an important cause of child morbidity and mortality in middle- and low-income countries. It has been suggested that excessive free radical activity may be responsible for the clin ...

Antiangiogenic therapy with anti-vascular endothelial growth factor modalities for diabetic macular oedema

Parravano, M., Menchini, F. and Virgili, G. Diabetic macular oedema (DMO), Diabetic retinopathy, Vision, Therapy Diabetic macular oedema (DMO) is a common complication of diabetic retinopathy. The retina at the macula thickens and this can cause gradual l ...

Intravitreal steroids for macular edema in diabetes

Grover, D.A., Li, T. and Chong, C.C.W. Diabetes Macular edema is secondary to leakage from diseased retinal capillaries and is an important cause of poor central visual acuity in patients with diabetic retinopathy. This review evaluated the effectiveness ...

Pentoxifylline for diabetic retinopathy

de Jesus, C.C.L. et al Diabetic retinopathy There is increasing evidence that capillary occlusion plays an important part in the development of diabetic retinopathy. Disaggregants, such as pentoxyfilline may influence the outcome and progression of diabet ...

Vitamin C and superoxide dismutase (SOD) for diabetic retinopathy

de Jesus, C.C.L. et al Effects of vitamin C and superoxide dismutase on diabetic retinopathy There is increasing evidence that diabetic retinopathy is caused by the action of free radicals. Radical scavengers like vitamin C and superoxide dismutase (SOD) ...

Debridement of diabetic foot ulcers

Edwards, J. and Stapley, S. Diabetic foot ulcers Foot ulceration is thought to affect 15% of people with diabetes at some time in their lives. Debridement is widely regarded as an effective intervention to speed up ulcer healing. The most effective method ...

Foam dressings for healing diabetic foot ulcers

Durnville, J.C., Deshpande, S., O'Meara S. and Speak, K. Diabetic foot ulcers Foot ulcers in people with diabetes are a prevalent and serious global health issue. Dressings form a key part of ulcer treatment, with clinicians and patients having many ...

Granulocyte-colony stimulating factors as adjunctive therapy for diabetic foot infections

Cruciani, M., Lipsky, B., Mengoli, C. and deLalla, F. Diabetic foot infections Granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) increases the release of neutrophil endothelial progenitor cells from the bone marrow and improves neutrophil functions, which are ...

Honey as a topical treatment for wounds

Jull, A.B., Rodgers, A. and Walker, N. BURN INJURY, INJURY Honey is a viscous, supersaturated sugar solution derived from nectar gathered and modified by the honeybee, Apis mellifera. Honey has been used since ancient times as a remedy in wound care. Evid ...

Hydrogel dressings for healing diabetic foot ulcers

Durnville, J.C., Deshpande, S., O'Meara S. and Speak, K. Diabetic foot ulcers Foot ulcers in people with diabetes are a prevalent and serious global health issue. Dressings form a key part of ulcer treatment, with clinicians and patients having many ...

Silver based wound dressings and topical agents for treating diabetic foot ulcers

Bergin, S. and Wraight, P. Diabetic foot ulcers Foot ulceration affects 15 to 20% of people with diabetes. It is a major precursor to amputation in this patient group, and early and appropriate treatment provides the greatest opportunity for healing. The ...

Topical silver for preventing wound infection

Storm-Versloot, M.N. et al Prevention of wound infection Silver-containing treatments are popular and used in wound treatments to combat a broad spectrum of pathogens, but evidence of their effectiveness in preventing wound infection or promoting healing ...

Topical silver for treating infected wounds

Vermeulen, H. et al Treatment of chronic wounds Topical silver treatments and silver dressings are increasingly used for the local treatment of contaminated or infected wounds, however, there is a lack of clarity regarding the evidence for their effective ...

Topical negative pressure for treating chronic wounds

Ubbink, D.T. et al Treatment of chronic wounds Chronic wounds mainly affect the elderly and those with multiple health problems. Despite the use of modern dressings, some of these wounds take a long time to heal, fail to heal, or recur, causing significan ...

Pressure relieving interventions for preventing and treating diabetic foot ulcers

Spencer, S. A. Diabetic foot ulcers Foot ulceration is thought to affect 15% of all people with diabetes at some time during their life. The objective of this review is to assess the effectiveness of pressure relieving interventions in the prevention and ...

Complex interventions for preventing diabetic foot ulceration

Dorresteijn, J.A.N., Knegsman, D.M.W. and Valk, G.D. Diabetic foot ulcers Ulceration of the feet, which can lead to the amputation of feet and legs, is a major problem for people with diabetes mellitus, and can cause substantial economic burden. Single pr ...

Patient education for preventing diabetic foot ulceration

Dorresteijn, J.A.N., Knegsman, D.M.W., Assendelft, W.J.J. and Valk, G.D. Diabetic foot ulcers Ulceration of the feet, which can result in loss of limbs and even death, is one of the major health problems for people with diabetes mellitus. The objective of ...

Hyperbaric oxygen therapy for chronic wounds

Kranke, P. et al DIABETES MELLITUS, FOOT HEALTH Chronic wounds are common and present a health problem with significant effect on quality of life. The wide range of therapeutic strategies for such wounds reflects the various pathologies that may cause tis ...

Preconception care for diabetic women for improving maternal and infant health

Tieu, J., Middleton, P. and Crowther, C.A. Mothers with diabetes Infants born to mothers with pre-existing type I or type II diabetes mellitus are at greater risk of congenital anomalies, perinatal mortality and significant morbidity in the short and long ...