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Systematic reviews

Pool fencing for preventing drowning of children

Thompson, D.C. and Rivara, F. To determine if pool fencing prevents drowning in children (under 14 years of age) In most industrialized countries, drowning ranks second or third behind motor vehicles and fires as a cause of unintentional injury deaths to ...

Educational interventions for the prevention of eye injuries

Shan, A., Blackhall, K., Ker, K. and Patel, D. BLINDNESS, EYE DISORDER, INJURY, DISABILITY Ocular injury is a preventable cause of blindness, yet it remains a significant disabling health problem that affects all age groups. Injuries may occur in the home ...

Population-based interventions for the prevention of fall-related injuries in older people

McClure, R.J. et al The effectiveness of population-based interventions, defined as coordinated, community-wide, multi-strategy initiatives, for reducing fall-related injuries among older people Fall-related injuries are a significant cause of morbidity a ...

Home safety education and provision of safety equipment for injury preventio

Kendrick, D. et al CHILD, HOME ACCIDENT, INJURY, MORBIDITY, MORTALITY, SAFETY In industrialised countries injuries are the leading cause of childhood death and steep social gradients exist in child injury mortality and morbidity. The majority of injuries ...

Modification of the home environment for the reduction of injuries

Turner, S. et al CHILD, HOME ACCIDENT, INJURY, OLDER PEOPLE, PREVENTION Injury in the home is common, accounting for approximately a third of all injuries. The majority of injuries to children under five and people aged 75 and older occur at home. Multifa ...

Caffeine for the prevention of injuries and errors in shift workers

Ker, K. et al INJURY, SLEEP DEPRIVATION, SLEEP DEPRIVATION Sleepiness leads to a deterioration in performance and attention, and is associated with an increased risk of injury. Jet lag and shift work disorder are circadian rhythm sleep disorders which res ...

Functional capacity evaluations for the prevention of occupational re-injuries in injured workers

Mahmud, N. et al INJURY, OCCUPATIONAL INJURY, PREVENTION, WORKPLACE Functional capacity evaluation (FCE) has been widely used to assess workers’ physical state of readiness to return to work (RTW) after an injury and to make recommendations for the time a ...

Interventions for preventing injuries in the agricultural industry

Rautiainen, R. et al Occupational injuries Agriculture is more hazardous than most other industries. Many strategies have been introduced to reduce injuries in the field, yet the effectiveness of different interventions on occupational injuries still rema ...

Interventions for preventing injuries in the construction industry

van der Molen, H. et al Injury prevention Construction workers are frequently exposed to various types of injury-inducing hazards. A number of injury prevention interventions have been proposed, yet the effectiveness of these is uncertain. The aim of this ...

Workplace interventions for preventing work disability

van Oostrom, S.H. et al Workplace interventions on work-related outcomes and health outcomes Work disability has serious consequences for all stakeholders and society. Workplace interventions are considered appropriate to facilitate return to work by redu ...

Anticonvulsants for preventing seizures in patients with chronic subdural haematoma

Ratilal, B.O., Costa, J. and Sampaio, C. Subdural haemorrhage Anticonvulsant therapy is sometimes used prophylactically in patients with chronic subdural haematoma, although the benefit is unclear.  The aim of this review is to establish the effectiveness ...

Parenting interventions for the prevention of unintentional injuries in childhood

Kendrick, D. et al Parenting interventions Parent education and training programmes can improve maternal psychosocial health, child behavioural problems and parenting practices. This review assesses the effects of parenting interventions for reducing chil ...

Psychosocial interventions for the prevention of disability following traumatic physical injury

De Silva, M. et al Psychosocial interventions Traumatic physical injury can result in many disabling sequelae including physical and mental health problems and impaired social functioning. The aim of this review is to assess the effectiveness of psychosoc ...

School-based secondary prevention programmes for preventing violence

Mytton, J.A. et al School based violence prevention programmes Early aggressive behaviour is a risk factor for later violence and criminal behaviour. Despite over 20 years of violence prevention interventions being delivered in the school setting, questio ...

Long-term non-pharmacological weight loss interventions for adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus

Norris, S.L. et al DIABETES MELLITUS, LIFESTYLE, OBESITY, WEIGHT LOSS, WEIGHT MANAGEMENT Most persons with type 2 diabetes are overweight and obesity worsens the metabolic and physiologic abnormalities associated with diabetes. The objective of this revie ...

Pharmacotherapy for weight loss in adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus

Norris, S.L. et al Weight management Obesity is closely related to type 2 diabetes and long-term weight reduction is an important part of the care delivered to obese persons with diabetes. The objective of this review is to assess the efficacy of pharmaco ...

Interventions for the prevention of nutritional rickets in term born children

Lerch, C. and Meissner, T. CHILD, CHILD DEVELOPMENT, NUTRITION, RICKETS Nutritional rickets is a disease of growing children leading to bone deformities, bone pain, convulsions or delayed motor development. Today, high-incidence of nutritional rickets is ...

Iodine supplementation for preventing iodine deficiency disorders in children

Angermaye, L. and Clar, C. CHILD, MENTAL HEALTH, NUTRITIONAL DEFICIENCY Iodine deficiency is the main cause of potentially preventable mental retardation in childhood, as well as causing goitre and hypothyroidism in people of all ages. It is still prevale ...

Oral vitamin B12 versus intramuscular vitamin B12 for vitamin B12 deficiency

Vidal-Alabail, J. et al The effectiveness of oral vitamin B12 versus intramuscular vitamin B12 for vitamin B12 deficiency. Vitamin B12 deficiency is common and rises with age. Most people with vitamin B12 deficiency are treated in primary care with intram ...

Parenteral calcium for intensive care unit patients

Forsythe, R.M. et al Parenteral calcium administration The objective of this review is to assess the effects of parenteral calcium administration in ICU patients on the following outcomes: mortality, multiple organ dysfunction, ICU and hospital length of ...