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Management and prevention of obesity and its complications in children and adolescents

Batch JA, Baur LA BEHAVIOURAL CHANGE, OBESITY, PREVENTION, WEIGHT MANAGEMENT Obesity in children and adolescents has reached alarming levels ラ 20%ヨ25% of children and adolescents are overweight or obese, and 4.9% of boys and 5.4% of girls are obese. Rates ...

Lifestyle interventions in the treatment of childhood overweight: A meta-analytic review of randomized controlled trials

Wiley, D.E et al BEHAVIOURAL CHANGE, EVALUATION, LIFESTYLE, OVERWEIGHT Identifying and evaluating efficacious treatments for pediatric weight loss is of critical importance. This quantitative review represents the first meta-analysis of the efficacy of ra ...

Increasing caloric contribution from sugar-sweetened beverages and fruit Juices Among US Children and Adolescents, 1988 2004

Wang, Y.C., Bleich, S.N., Gortmaker, S.L. CALORIES, CHILD HEALTH, BEVERAGE, SOFT DRINK The study analyzed 24-hour dietary recalls from children and adolescents (aged 2ヨ19) in 2 nationally representative population surveys: National Health and Nutrition Ex ...

Implicit anti-fat bias among health professionals: is anyone immune?

Teachman, B.A. and Brownell, K.D. BODY IMAGE, OVERWEIGHT A total of 84 health professionals who treat obesity (71% male, mean age 48 y, mean body mass index (BMI) 25.39). completed a series of implicit and explicit attitude and belief measures. Results we ...

Healthy nature healthy people: Contact with nature as an upstream health promotion intervention for populations

Maller, C., Townsend, M., Pryor, A., Brown, P. and St Leger, L. HEALTH GAIN, MENTAL HEALTH, NATURAL ENVIRONMENT, PUBLIC HEALTH Whilst urban-dwelling individuals who seek out parks and gardens appear to intuitively understand the personal health and well-b ...

Factors Associated with Parental Readiness to make Changes for Overweight Children

Rhee, K.E., DeLago, C.W., Arscott-Mills, T., Mehta, S.D. and Davis, R.K. BEHAVIOURAL CHANGE, OVERWEIGHT Currently, little is known about parents' readiness to make behavior changes to help their children lose weight. The objective of this study was t ...

Employer and Healthcare Policy Interventions aimed at Adult Obesity

Bernard, F. et al HEALTH POLICY, OBESITY, PREVENTION Increasing rates of obesity in the population have made prevention a high public health priority. Participants for this study included 1139 respondents who were surveyed as part of the Research Triangle ...

Cultural Attitudes Toward Weight, Diet, and Physical Activity Among Overweight African American Girls

Boyington, J et al ATTITUDES, CULTURE, HEALTH POLICY, OVERWEIGHT, PREVENTION Little is known about attitudes and perceptions toward weight, diet, and physical activity among American youth, and particularly among young African American females. This pilot ...

Childhood Obesity: Should Primary School Children be Routinely Screened? A Systematic Review and Discussion of the Evidence

Westwood, M. at al MONITORING, OBESITY, PREVENTION, SCREENING Population monitoring has been introduced in UK primary schools in an effort to track the growing obesity epidemic. It has been argued that parents should be informed of their child's resu ...

Childhood Overweight and the Relationship between Parent Behaviors, Parenting Style ' and Family Functioning

Rhee, K. Parenting, Family relations, Childhood, Overweight. This article discusses the relationship between parent behaviors, parenting style, and how a family functions with respect to the development of childhood overweight. Parents can influence a chi ...

Changing Perceptions of the Childhood Obesity Epidemic

Evans, W.D., Renaud, J.M., Finkelstein, E., Kamerow, D.B. and Brown, D.S. Childhood obesity The aim of this study was to examine changes in public attitudes about childhood obesity and support for prevention. RTI surveyed US households (N = 1047 and N =11 ...

Becoming "the fat girl": Acquisition of an Unfit Identity

Rice, C. Female body image, Body size In North American society, there are many disparaging depictions of girls and women with differences in body size. Despite growing dialogue about body acceptance, overweight and obesity increasingly are interpreted as ...

Body Image in the Balance

Devlin, M.J and Zhu, A.J. Body image, Body size This article explores how distress over body image can impact on mental health, both emotionally and psychologically. It also looks at the issue of gender and body image. While body image distress is on the ...

A Randomized Trial of the Effects of Reducing Television Viewing and Computer Use on Body Mass Index in Young Children

Epstein, L.H. et al. Television viewing, Computer, Children, Body mass index The design of this study was a randomized controlled clinical trial. Seventy children aged between 4 and 7 whose BMI was at or above the 75th BMI percentile for age and sex parti ...

A Geographical Comparison of Prevalence of Overweight School-aged Children: The National Survey of Children's Health 2003

Tudor-Locke, C at al. Child obesity, Overweight, Obesity This study presents a geographical comparison of state-specific prevalence estimates of children who are at risk of overweight and/or overweight. Using the 2003 National Survey of Childrenメs Health, ...

Dietetic Students Possess Negative Attitudes Toward Obesity Similar to Nondietetic Students

Berryman, D.E., Dubale, G.M., Manchester, D.S. and Mittelstaedt, R. ATTITUDES, BELIEF, BODY IMAGE, BODY MEASUREMENTS, OBESITY A convenience sample comprised of 76 female dietetics (n=38) and nondietetics (n=38) majors was assessed for attitudes toward obe ...

Climate change, enhanced greenhouse gas emissions and passenger transport: What can we do to make a difference?

Hensher, D. A. CLIMATE CHANGE, ENVIRONMENT, POLLUTION, TAXATION, TRANSPORT The transportation sector, led by the automobile, has been cited constantly as a major contributor through human intervention to climate change. Short of banning car use, the chall ...

Legal and Public Health Considerations Affecting the Success, Reach, and Impact of Menu-Labeling Laws

Pomeranz, J.L. and Brownell, K.D. CATERING INDUSTRY, CONSUMER INFORMATION, FOOD LABELLING, GOVERNMENT, LAW, NUTRITION Because the rate of consumption of away-from-home meals has increased dramatically, the distinction between requiring nutrition informati ...

Creating Healthy Food and Eating Environments: Policy and Environmental Approaches

Story, M., Kaphingst, K.M., Robinson-O'Brien, R., and Glanz, K. FOOD ACCESS, HEALTH INTERVENTIONS, POLICY Food and eating environments likely contribute to the increasing epidemic of obesity and chronic diseases, over and above individual factors suc ...