menu ☰
menu ˟

Cochrane Reviews

Chinese herbal medicine for atopic eczema

gu, S., et al Oral ingestion, Topical application, CHM, Eczema, Children, Adult Atopic eczema (eczema in short) is a common skin condition, where skin changes occur and cause redness, scaling, swelling, and skin thickening due to chronic scratching. It is ...

Post-surgical chemotherapy versus surgery alone for resectable gastric cancer

Diaz-Nieto, R., et al To determine whether post-surgical chemotherapy should be used routinely in resectable gastric cancer Stomach cancer is the second leading cause of cancer-related death worldwide. Surgery is the only curative treatment offered to pat ...

Interventions for the reduction of prescribed opioid use in chronic non-cancer pain

Windmill, J., et al Opioid use, Management, Chronic non-cancer pain About 1 in 5 adults suffer from moderate or severe chronic pain that is not caused by cancer. Some people with this type of pain are treated with opioids (typically with drugs like morphi ...

Efficacy of psychostimulant drugs for amphetamine abuse or dependence

Pérez-Mañá, P., et al Psychostimulant medication, Amphetamine abuse, Dependence Amphetamine dependence constitutes a public health problem with many consequences and complications. Amphetamine abuse refers to a maladaptive and hazardous pattern of use con ...

Early versus delayed laparoscopic cholecystectomy for acute gallstone pancreatitis

Selvan Gurusamy, K., et al Early laparoscopic cholecystectomy, Delayed laparoscopic cholecystectomy, Acute biliary pancreatitis The pancreas is an abdominal organ that secretes several digestive juices which help in the digestion of food. It also lodges t ...

Routine vaginal examinations for assessing progress of labour to improve outcomes for women and babies at term

Downe, S., et al o compare the effectiveness, acceptability and consequences of digital vaginal examination(s) (alone or within the context of the partogram) with other strategies, or different timings, to assess progress during labour at term For a baby ...

Psychosocial interventions for patients with head and neck cancer

Semple, C., et al To assess the effectiveness of psychosocial interventions to improve quality of life and psychosocial well-being for patients with head and neck cancer There is a steady rise in the number of people being diagnosed with head and neck can ...

Posture and fluids for preventing post-dural puncture headache

Arevalo-Rodriguez, I., et al To assess whether prolonged bed rest combined with different body and head positions, as well as administration of supplementary fluids after lumbar puncture, prevent the onset of PDPH in people undergoing lumbar puncture for ...

Postpartum misoprostol for preventing maternal mortality and morbidity

Hofmeyr, G.J., et al To review maternal deaths and severe morbidity in all randomised trials of misoprostol for prevention or treatment of PPH Bleeding from the uterus or womb after childbirth is normal, but excessive bleeding (haemorrhage) is an importan ...

Perioperative antibiotics for prevention of acute endophthalmitis after cataract surgery

gower, E.W., et al The objective of this review was to evaluate the effects of perioperative antibiotic prophylaxis for endophthalmitis following cataract surgery Endophthalmitis (inflammation of the inside of the eyeball due to infection or trauma) is a ...

Padma 28 for intermittent claudication

Morling, M.R., Maxwell, H. and Stewart, Marlene To determine whether Padma 28 is effective, compared with placebo or other medications, in increasing pain-free and maximum walking distance for patients with intermittent claudication Intermittent claudicat ...

Linezolid versus vancomycin for skin and soft tissue infections

Yue, J., et al Linezolid, Vancomycin, Treatment, SSTIs Skin and soft tissue infections such as impetigo, abscesses, ulcers, and surgical site infections are common infections of the skin. For serious skin and soft tissue infections involving the deeper ti ...

Interventions to encourage uptake of cancer screening for people with severe mental illness

Barley, E., et al Health professionals, Cancer screening, Mental illness, Smoking, Diet Cancer is a leading cause of death worldwide, accounting for approximately 13% of all deaths in 2007. Some studies have reported an increased incidence of cancer in pe ...

Interventions for implementation of thromboprophylaxis in hospitalized medical and surgical patients at risk for venous thromboembolism

Kahn, S.R., et al Thromboprophylaxis, Hospitalized adult patients, Venous thromboembolism (VTE) Blood clots which are classified as deep vein thrombosis (DVT) in the legs and pulmonary embolism (PE) in the lungs, together known as venous thromboembolism ( ...

Pharmacological agents for preventing morbidity associated with the haemodynamic response to tracheal intubation

Khan, F.A. and Ullah, H. The primary objective of this review was to determine the effectiveness of pharmacological agents in preventing the morbidity and mortality resulting from the haemodynamic changes in response to laryngoscopy and tracheal intubatio ...

Vaccines for preventing enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) diarrhoea

Ahmed, T., et al To evaluate the efficacy, safety, and immunogenicity of vaccines for preventing ETEC diarrhoea Enterotoxigenic E. coli (ETEC) is a type of bacteria that can infect both children and adults, causing diarrhoea. In particular, it affects peo ...

Warfarin initiation nomograms for venous thromboembolism

Garcia, P., Ruiz, W. and Munarriz, C.L. To evaluate the efficacy of a 10-mg warfarin nomogram compared with a 5-mg warfarin nomogram among patients with VTE Venous thromboembolism is the presence of a blood clot that blocks a blood vessel within the venou ...

Peritoneal closure versus no peritoneal closure for patients undergoing non-obstetric abdominal operations

Gurusamy, K.S., et al To compare the benefits and harms of parietal peritoneal closure compared with no parietal peritoneal closure in patients undergoing non-obstetric abdominal operations The peritoneum is the inner lining of the abdomen (tummy). After ...

Perioperative statin therapy for improving outcomes during and after noncardiac vascular surgery

Sanders, R.D., et al The authors examined whether short-term statin therapy, commenced before or on the day of noncardiac vascular surgery and continuing for at least 48 hours afterwards, improves patient outcomes including the risk of complications, pain ...

Pegylated liposomal doxorubicin for relapsed epithelial ovarian cancer

Lawrie, T.A., et al To assess the efficacy and safety of PLD in women with relapsed epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) The choice of chemotherapy in women with relapsed epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) is influenced by the duration of the platinum-free interv ...