menu ☰
menu ˟

Search resources

10 Facts on Obesity

World Health Organization (WHO) Overweight, Obesity Obesity has reached epidemic proportions globally, with at least 2.8 million people dying each year as a result of being overweight or obese. Once associated with high-income countries, obesity is now al ...

Applying Clinical Epidemiological Methods to Health Equity: The Equity Effectiveness Loop

Tugwell, P. et al Equity effectiveness loop Focusing on the average effects of interventions on health may miss important differences within populations. Examining these effects across gradients in wealth allows the identification of the interventions mos ...

Are Preferences for Equity over Efficiency in Health Care Allocation "All or Nothing"?

Ubel, P. A., Baron, J., Nash, B. and Asch, D. A. ANALYSIS, BUDGET, COST EFFECTIVENESS, EQUAL OPPORTUNITIES, ETHICS, SCREENING In a previous study the authors showed that within a budget constraint, most people would rather offer a less effective screening ...

Divided We Stand: Why Inequality Keeps Rising

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) Economic inequality, Income, Earnings, Household, Taxation In the three decades prior to the recent economic downturn, wage gaps widened and household income inequality increased in a large maj ...

Ethical Issues in Patient Safety Research: Interpreting existing guidance

World Health Organization (WHO) Patient safety, Research, Improvement The WHO publication, “Ethical Issues in Patient Safety Research”, reflects on the specific ethical questions that can arise in the conduct of patient safety research and improvement act ...

Global Status Report on Road Safety 2013

World Health Organization (WHO) Violence, Injury prevention The Global status report on road safety 2013 presents information on road safety from 182 countries, accounting for almost 99% of the world’s population. The report indicates that worldwide the t ...

Health Literacy. The Solid Facts

World Health Organization (WHO) Health information, Misinformation As societies grow more complex and people are increasingly bombarded with health information and misinformation, health literacy becomes essential. People with strong health literacy skill ...

Improving Value Measurement in Cost-Effectiveness Analysis

Ubel, P. A., Nord, E., Gold, M., Menzel, P., Pinto Prades, J. and Richardson, J. ANALYSIS, ETHICS, QUALITY OF LIFE Before cost-effectiveness analysis (CEA) can fulfill its promise as a tool to guide health care allocation decisions, the method of incorpor ...

Income-Related Inequalities in Health Service Utilisation in 19 OECD Countries, 2008- 2009

Devaux, M. and de Looper M. Inequality, Health service This Working Paper examines income-related inequalities in health care service utilisation in OECD countries. It extends a previous analysis (Van Doorslaer and Masseria, 2004) to 2008-2009 for 13 coun ...

Making the Case for Cervical Cancer Prevention: What about Equity

Tsu, V. D. and Levin, C. E. CANCER, CERVICAL CANCER, HEALTH STATUS, PREVENTION, SCREENING, SOCIAL DETERMINANT, DISADVANTAGED WOMEN Cervical cancer is a major cause of suffering and premature death among women in the developing world, yet it is largely pre ...

Caring for Seniors With Alzheimer's Disease: Canadian Institute for Health Information

In 2007-2008, one in five seniors (20%) in Canada receiving long-term home care had a diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease or other dementia. Nearly one in six (17%) of these clients with dementia were suffering from moderate to severe impairment in cogn ...

Exercise Effects on Bone Mineral Density, Falls, Coronary Risk Factors, and Health Care Costs in Older Women

The Randomized Controlled Senior Fitness and Prevention (SEFIP) Study Wolfgang Kemmler, PhD; Simon von Stengel, PhD; Klaus Engelke, PhD; Lothar Häberle, PhD; Willi A. Kalender, PhD, MD  Background  Physical exercise affects many risk factors and diseases ...

Hospital Staff Perceptions of Health Promotion Activities in Public Hospitals

Kevin Peter Balanda, Anderson PJ, Baade PD, Stanton WR Health promotion, Public hospital, Health services The aim of this study was to determine the level of staff support for health promotion activities in Queensland public hospitals. Research and Evalua ...

Health at a Glance 2015

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) Migration, Employment, Health System, Work force, Pharmaceutical sector, Indicators This new edition of Health at a Glance presents the most recent comparable data on the performance of health ...

Caregiver factors and pool fencing: An exploratory analysis

K J Fisher, K P Balanda Caregiver, Safety, Security, Swimming pool, Fencing, Accident, Accidental drowning To explore the relationship between caregiver characteristics and the adequacy of domestic swimming pool fencing. A typical metropolitan area of a l ...

Child injury in Brisbane South 1985-91: Implications for future injury surveillance

W R Pitt, K P Balanda, J Nixon Injury, Child injury, Accident, Hospital admission, Treatment Specific childhood injury types are ranked by occurrence rate for mortality, hospital admission and emergency department attendance. Cases are drawn from the resi ...

Childhood drowning and near-drowning in Brisbane: The contribution of domestic pools

W R Pitt, K P Balanda Injury, Child injury, Accident, Hospital admission, Treatment To describe the epidemiology of domestic swimming pool drowning and near-drowning in Brisbane and to examine the efficacy of a broad range of preventive options, including ...

Clinical diagnosis and management of suspicious pigmented skin lesions: A survey of GPs

Peter D Baade, Chris Del Mar, John B Lowe, [...], Kevin P Balanda General practitioner, Clinical health, Diagnosis, Skin legions, Moles BACKGROUND The ability of general practitioners to make important clinical decisions about the diagnosis and management ...

Frequently asked questions on opioid agonist treatment for pharmaceutical opioid dependence: An evidence summary.

This evidence summary from Australia comes from a program of work that aimed to build the evidence base for the treatment of pharmaceutical opioid dependence, or dependence on opioid pain medications such as oxycodone, morphine and codeine. Many of the or ...

Guidelines for the screening, care and treatment of persons with hepatitis C infection.

. World Health Organization Bloodborne viruses These are the first guidelines dealing with hepatitis C treatment produced by the World Health Organization (WHO) and complement existing guidance on the prevention of transmission of bloodborne viruses, inclu ...