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Wound drainage after plastic and reconstructive surgery of the breast

Stojkovic, C.A., et al To compare the safety and efficacy of the use of wound drains following elective plastic and reconstructive surgery procedures of the breast Plastic and reconstructive surgery of the breast can include breast enlargement, breast red ...

Exploring the Effects of a Transition to Open Access: Insights from a Simulation Study

Bernius, S., et al Open Access publishing The Open Access (OA) movement, which postulates gratis and unrestricted online access to publicly funded research findings, has significantly gained momentum in recent years. The two ways of achieving OA are self- ...

Deep Impact: Unintended consequences of journal rank

Brembs, B. and Munafo, < Open Access publishing Most researchers acknowledge an intrinsic hierarchy in the scholarly journals (‘journal rank’) that they submit their work to, and adjust not only their submission but also their reading strategies accord ...

Health and the 2008 Economic Recession: Evidence from the United Kingdom

Astell-Burt, T. and Feng, X. Economic recession The economic recession which began in 2008 has resulted in a substantial increase in unemployment across many countries, including the United Kingdom. Strong association between unemployment and poor health ...

High-volume haemofiltration for sepsis

Borthwick, E.M.J., et al This review assessed whether HVHF improves clinical outcome in adult critically ill patients with sepsis in an ICU setting Severe sepsis and septic shock are among the most common causes of death in adults who are sufficiently ill ...

The Epidemiology of Low Back Pain in Primary Care

Kent, P. M. and Keating, J. L. Current knowledge on prevalence, activity limitation (disability), care-seeking, natural history and clinical course, treatment outcome, and costs of low back pain (LBP) This descriptive review provides a summary of the prev ...

High initial concentration versus low initial concentration sevoflurane for inhalational induction of anaesthesia

Boonmak, P., et al A comparison of the induction times and complications between high and low initial concentration sevoflurane induction in patients who received inhalational induction for general anaesthesia. We defined 'high' as greater and & ...

Psychological interventions for overweight or obesity

Shaw KA, O'Rourke P, Del Mar C, Kenardy J Management of overweight and obesity Several psychological methods are used to try and help people who are overweight or obese to lose weight. This review found that cognitive behaviour therapy and behaviour ...

Rimonabant for overweight or obesity

Curioni C, André C Management of overweight and obesity Rimonabant is the first drug of a new class of medications that seems to reduce body weight and improve risk factors for diseases of the blood vessels and heart in people who are overweight or obese. ...

Surgery for Obesity

Colquitt JL, Picot J, Loveman E, Clegg AJ Management of overweight and obesity Obesity is associated with many health problems and a higher risk of death. Bariatric (weight loss) surgery for obesity is usually only considered when all other treatments hav ...

Weight reduction for primary prevention of stroke in adults with overweight or obesity

Curioni C, André C, Veras R Management of overweight and obesity Rigorous scientific evidence linking overweight or obesity with increased risk for stroke is missing. Overweight and obesity are important public health problems and are associated with many ...

Flexible working conditions and their effects on employee health and wellbeing

Joyce, K., Pabayo, R, Critchley, J. A., Bambra, C. Working conditions Flexible working conditions are increasingly popular in developed countries but the effects on employee health and wellbeing are largely unknown. The object of this review is to evaluat ...

Workplace interventions for neck pain in workers

Wage Aas, R. et al Effectiveness of workplace interventions (WIs) in adult workers with neck pain Musculoskeletal disorders are the most common cause of disability in many industrial countries. Recurrent and chronic pain accounts for a substantial portion ...

Collaboration between local health and local government agencies for health improvement

Hayes, S.L., et al Health outcomes In many countries, national, regional and local inter- and intra-agency collaborations have been introduced in order to improve health outcomes. Evidence is needed on the effectiveness of locally-developed partnerships w ...

Community wide interventions for increasing physical activity

Baker, P.R.A., et al Physical activity interventions Multi-strategic community wide interventions for physical activity are increasingly popular but their ability to achieve population level improvements is unknown. The objective of this review is to eval ...

Pool fencing for preventing drowning of children

Thompson, D.C. and Rivara, F. To determine if pool fencing prevents drowning in children (under 14 years of age) In most industrialized countries, drowning ranks second or third behind motor vehicles and fires as a cause of unintentional injury deaths to ...

Population-based interventions for the prevention of fall-related injuries in older people

McClure, R.J. et al The effectiveness of population-based interventions, defined as coordinated, community-wide, multi-strategy initiatives, for reducing fall-related injuries among older people Fall-related injuries are a significant cause of morbidity a ...

Interventions for preventing injuries in the agricultural industry

Rautiainen, R. et al Occupational injuries Agriculture is more hazardous than most other industries. Many strategies have been introduced to reduce injuries in the field, yet the effectiveness of different interventions on occupational injuries still rema ...

Interventions for preventing injuries in the construction industry

van der Molen, H. et al Injury prevention Construction workers are frequently exposed to various types of injury-inducing hazards. A number of injury prevention interventions have been proposed, yet the effectiveness of these is uncertain. The aim of this ...

Workplace interventions for preventing work disability

van Oostrom, S.H. et al Workplace interventions on work-related outcomes and health outcomes Work disability has serious consequences for all stakeholders and society. Workplace interventions are considered appropriate to facilitate return to work by redu ...