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Systematic reviews

Exercise to Improve Self- Esteem in Children and Young People

Ekeland E. et al Self-esteem, Psychological problem, Behavioural problem, Adolescent Some evidence that exercise has positive short-term effects on self-esteem in children and young people Improving self-esteem may help to prevent the development of psych ...

Family Behavior Therapy (FBT) for Young People in Treatment for Non-opioid Drug Use: A Systematic Review

Lindstrom M. et al Drug use, Family therapy, This publication is a systematic Campbell review of the effect of the family therapy approach Family Behavior Therapy (FBT) for treatment for non-opioid drug use (e.g., cannabis, amphetamine, ecstasy or cocaine ...

Independent Living Programmes for Improving Outcomes for Young People Leaving the Care System

Donkoh C. Underhill K. and Montgomery P. Young people, Care system, Independant living, Foster care This review aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of independent living programmes (ILPs), a widespread and varied group of programmes intended to improve ou ...

Interventions Intended to Reduce Pregnancy-Related Outcomes Among Adolescents

Scher L.S Maynard R.A and Stagner M. Sexual risk-taking, Teenager, Sexual health This review synthesizes the evidence on the effectiveness of programs aimed at reducing sexual risk-taking among teens. By including only rigorous randomized controlled trial ...

Interventions for Learning Disabled Sex Offenders

Ashman L. and Duggan L. Sex offence, Offinder, Imprisonment, Sex offending is of increasing public concern with calls for longer terms of imprisonment and closer supervision of such offenders in the community. Currently a variety of treatment approaches a ...

Behavioral, Psychological, Educational, and Vocational Interventions to Facilitate Employment Outcomes for Cancer Survivors: A Systematic Review

Fong C.J. et al Cancer, Survivor In the United States, an estimated 1.5 million people are diagnosed annually with some type of cancer (American Cancer Society, 2011). Work is an important stabilizing factor for cancer survivors (Arnold, 1999). De Boer an ...

Juvenile Curfew Effects on Criminal Behavior and Victimization

Wilson D.B. et al Curfew, Juvenile The evidence suggests that juvenile curfews do not reduce crime or victimization. Curfews restrict youth below a certain –usually 17 or 18 –from public places during nighttime. For example, the Prince George's Count ...

Legitimacy in Policing: A Systematic Review

Mazerolle L. et al Crime, Police, Control, Public cooperation Police require voluntary cooperation from the general public to be effective in controlling crime and maintaining order. Research shows that citizens are more likely to comply and cooperate wit ...

The paradox of public holidays: Hospital-treated self-harm and associated factors.

BACKGROUND: Recent research on the patterns of self-harm around public holidays is lacking. This study used national data to examine the patterns of hospital-treated self-harm during public holidays, and to examine associated factors. METHODS: Data on sel ...

A systematic review of the relationship between staff perceptions of organizational readiness to change and the process of innovation adoption in substance misuse treatment programs.

. 10.14655/11971-1097335 Peter Kelly, Josephine Hegarty, Joseph Barry, Kyle R Dyer, Aine Horgan Substance Misuse, Drug Problems. Fuel Poverty Health Inequalities Systematic Reviews Other Reviews http://www.drugsandalcohol.ie/27435 © Public 1 January 2017 R ...

Nutritional Intervention to PreventAlzheimer’s Disease: Potential Benefitsof Xanthophyll Carotenoids and Omega-3Fatty Acids Combined

Nolan JM Mulcahy R. Power R. Moran R and Howard AN Nutrition, Ageing, Older People, Mental Health, Alzheimer's Disease Abstract. Background: A growing body of scientific evidence suggests that enrichment of certain nutritional compounds in the brain ...

The Relationship Between Plasma Concentrations of Lutein and Zeaxanthin with Self-Reported and Actual Prevalence of AMD in an Irish Population-Based Sample

Moran R. Beatty S. Stack J. O'Halloran QAM. Feeney J. Akuffo KO. Peto T. Kenny RA. Nolal JM Nutrition, Ageing, Older People, Mental Health, Alzheimer's Disease Abstract. Purpose: To investigate plasma lutein (L) and zeaxanthin (Z) concentrations ...

Analysis of Lutein, Zeaxanthin, and Meso-Zeaxanthinin the Organs of Carotenoid-Supplemented Chickens

Phelan D. Prado-Cabrero A. Nolan JM Nutrition, Ageing, Older People, Mental Health, Alzheimer's Disease Abstract: The macular carotenoids (i.e., lutein (L), zeaxanthin (Z) and meso-zeaxanthin (MZ)) exhibit anti-inflammatory, antioxidant and optical p ...

Supplemental Retinal Carotenoids Enhance Memory in Healthy Individuals with Low Levels of Macular Pigmentin A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Clinical Trial

Power R. Coen RF. Beatty S. Mulcahy R. Moran R. Stack J. Howard AN. Nolan JM Nutrition, Ageing, Older People, Mental Health, Alzheimer's Disease A bstract. Background: There is a biologically plausible rationale whereby the dietary carotenoids lutein ...

Plasma Lutein and Zeaxanthin Are Associated With Better Cognitive Function Across Multiple Domains in a Large Population-Based Sample of Older Adults: Findings from The Irish Longitudinal Study on Aging

Feeney D. Prado-Cabrero A. Nolan JM Nutrition, Ageing, Older People, Mental Health, Alzheimer's Disease Abstract Background: Low blood serum or plasma concentrations of the xanthophyll carotenoids lutein and zeaxanthin have been implicated in poorer ...

The Impact of Supplemental Antioxidants on Visual Function in Nonadvanced Age-Related MacularDegeneration: A Head-to-Head Randomized Clinical Trial

Akuffo KO. Beatty S. Peto T. Stack J. Stringham J. Kelly D. Leung I. Corcoran L. Nolan JM Nutrition, Ageing, Older People, Mental Health, Alzheimer's Disease P URPOSE. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of supplemental macular carot ...

Phospholipid oxidation and carotenoid supplementation in Alzheimer’s disease patients

ademowo OS. Dias HK. Milic I. Devitt A. Moran R. Mulcahy R. Howard AN. Nolan JM Nutrition, Ageing, Older People, Mental Health, Alzheimer's Disease Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a progressive, neurodegenerative disease, characterised by decline of ...

NON-DIETARY CORRELATES AND DETERMINANTS OF PLASMA LUTEIN AND ZEAXANTHIN CONCENTRATIONS IN THE IRISH POPULATION

Moran R. Nolan JM. Stack J. O'Halloran AM. Feeney J. Akuffo Ko. Kenny RA. Beatty S. Nutrition, Ageing, Older People, Mental Health, Alzheimer's Disease Abstract: Objective: To investigate non-dietary correlates and determinants of plasma lutein ...

Stability of Commercially Available Macular Carotenoid Supplements in Oil and Powder Formulations

Phelan D. Prado-Cabrero A. Nolan JM Nutrition, Ageing, Older People, Mental Health, Alzheimer's Disease A bstract: We previously identified that the concentration of zeaxanthin in some commercially available carotenoid supplements did not agree with ...

Relationship between macular pigment and visual function in subjects with early age-related macular degeneration

Akuffo BO. Nolan Jm. Peto T. Stack J. Leung I. Corcoran L. Beatty S. Nutrition, Ageing, Older People, Mental Health, Alzheimer's Disease ABSTRACT Purpose To investigate the relationship between macular pigment (MP) and visual function in subjects wit ...