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Systematic reviews

Safety of regular formoterol or salmeterol in children with asthma: an overview of Cochrane reviews

Cates, C.J., et al To assess the safety of regular formoterol or salmeterol, either as monotherapy or as combination therapy, in children with asthma Asthma is a common condition that affects the airways, the small tubes that carry air in and out of the l ...

Prophylactic antibiotics to reduce the risk of urinary tract infections after urodynamic studies

Foon, R., Toozs-Hoson, P. and Latthe, P. To assess the effectiveness and safety of administering prophylactic antibiotics in reducing the risk of urinary tract infections after urodynamic studies. The hypothesis was that administering prophylactic antibio ...

Pregabalin monotherapy for epilepsy

Zhou, Q., Zheng, J., Yu, L. and Jia, X. To determine the efficacy and tolerability of pregabalin in people with epilepsy A number of people continue to have seizures and many experience adverse effects, despite current antiepileptic treatments. As a resul ...

Nebulised surfactant in preterm infants with or at risk of respiratory distress syndrome

Abdel-Latif, M. and Osborn, D.A. Nebulised surfactant administration, Prophylaxis, Treatment, Placebo, Intratracheal surfactant administration, Morbidity, Mortality, Preterm infant, Respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) There is insufficient evidence from r ...

Male involvement for increasing the effectiveness of prevention of mother-to-child HIV transmission (PMTCT) programmes

Brusamento, S., et al PMTCT interventions, Developing countries, Family health During the past ten years, national governments and international agencies have strengthened the implementation of PMTCT programmes. However, the majority of women still do not ...

Interventions for oropharyngeal dysphagia in children with neurological impairment

Morgan, A.T., dodrill, P. and Ward, E.C. Oropharyngeal dysphagia, Neurological impairment, Swollowing Oropharyngeal dysphagia, or swallowing difficulty, can be defined as problems with chewing and preparing food, difficulty moving food through the mouth t ...

Incentives for preventing smoking in children and adolescents

Johnston, V., Liberato, S. and Thomas, D. Incentives, Prevention, Children, Adolescents, Smoke. Intervention Most smokers start smoking before they are 18 years old. Starting smoking earlier in life means a smoker will smoke for more years than someone wh ...

Early intensive behavioral intervention (EIBI) for young children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD)

Reichow, B., Barton, E.E., Boyd, B.A. and Hume, K. Functional behavior, Skill, Young children, Autism spectrum disorder, ASD Early intensive behavioral intervention (EIBI) is one of the most widely used treatments for children with autism spectrum disorde ...

Curcumin for maintenance of remission in ulcerative colitis

Kumar, S., et al Ulcerative colitis (UC), Chronic inflammatory condition Curcumin is a natural anti-inflammatory agent that is often used in many chronic inflammatory conditions including rheumatoid arthritis, esophagitis and post-surgical inflammation. T ...

Corticosteroids for parasitic eosinophilic meningitis

Thanaviratananich, S., et al Corticosteroids, Eosinophilic meningitis Eosinophilic meningitis is an inflammation of the membrane covering the brain which can be broadly categorised into infectious and non-infectious causes. Among infectious aetiologies, A ...

Social Skills Groups for People Aged 6 to 21 with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD)

Reichow, B., Steiner, A. and Volkmar, F. Systematic Reviews Campbell Reviews https://www.campbellcollaboration.org/library/social-skills-groups-people-aged-6-to-21-autism-spectrum-disorders.html © The Campbell Collaboration 1 September 2012 Article Other ...

Social skills group for individuals with autism spectrum disorders

Reichow, B., Steiner, A. and Volkmar, F. To determine the effectiveness of social skills groups for improving social competence, social communication, and quality of life for people with ASD who are six to 21 years of age Since autism was first described, ...

Parent-training programmes for improving parental psychosocial health

Barlow, J., Coren, E. and Stewart-Brown, S. To address whether group-based parenting programmes are effective in improving parental psychosocial wellbeing Parental psychosocial health can have a significant effect on the parent-child relationship, with co ...

Cognitive-behavioural interventions for children who have been sexually abused

Macdonald, G., Higgins, J. and Ramchandani, P. Cognitive-behavioural, Sexual abuse, Children, Young people Despite differences in how it is defined, there is a general consensus amongst clinicians and researchers that the sexual abuse of children and adol ...

Interview and interrogation methods and their effects on investigative outcomes

Meissner, C., et al Interviewing, Interrogation methods The interviewing and interrogation of suspects can be particularly important to securing convictions against the guilty and freeing the wrongly accused. There are two general methods of questioning s ...

Behavioural and cognitive-behavioural group-based parenting programmes for early-onset conduct problems in children aged 3 to 12 years

Furlong, M., et al Cost-effectiveness, Behavioural, Cognitive-behaviour, Parenting programmes, Child conduct problems, Parental mental health Parenting skills Early-onset child conduct problems are common and costly. A large number of studies and some pre ...

Police strategies for reducing illegal possession and carrying of firearms

Koper, C. and Mayo-Wilson, E. This review examines the impacts of police strategies to reduce illegal possession and carrying of firearms on gun crime Criminal misuse of firearms is among the world’s most serious crime problems. Strategies to reduce gun v ...

Indicated truancy interventions: Effects on school attendance among chronic truant students

Maynard, B.R., et al Intervention, School attendance, Policy, Practice, Research Truancy is a significant problem in the U.S. and in other countries around the world. Truancy has been linked to serious immediate and far-reaching consequences for youth, fa ...

Interventions to reduce the prevalence of female genital mutilation/cutting in African countries

Berg, R.C. and Denison, E. Mutilation This systematic review aimed to answer the following research questions: 1. What is the effectiveness of interventions designed to reduce the prevalence of female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C) compared to no or o ...

The effects of hot spots policing on crime

Braga, A., Papachristos, A. and Hureau, D. To assess the effects of focused police crime prevention interventions at crime hot spots In recent years, crime scholars and practitioners have pointed to the potential benefits of focusing crime prevention effo ...