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Systematic reviews

Community Monitoring Interventions can reduce corruption and may improve services

Molina E. et al Corruption, Services, Income Corruption and inefficient allocation of resources in service delivery are widespread in low and middle income countries (Pande & Olken, 2011). There is increasing evidence that corruption holds back countr ...

Corporate Crime Deterrence: A Systematic Review

Crime, Offending, Offender, Legal Corporate crime is a poorly understood problem with little known about effective strategies to prevent and control it. Competing definitions of corporate crime affect how the phenomenon is studied and implications for red ...

Community-based Rehabilitation for People With Disabilities in Low- and Middle-income Countries: A Systematic Review

Lemmi V. et al Disabilities, Mental health, Intellectual impairment, Sensory impairment The authors reviewed the evidence about the impact of community-based rehabilitation on the lives of people with disabilities and their carers in low- and middle-incom ...

Effect of Interventions to Facilitate Communication Between Families or Single Young People with Minority Language Background and Public Services: A Systematic Review

Wollscheid S. et al Family communication, Single people, Minority language, Speech, Immigrant Over recent decades, the number of immigrants with minority language background has increased. This has occurred in many countries, including those with a tradit ...

Speech and Language Therapy Interventions for Children with Primary Speech and Language Delay or Disorder

Law, J. Garrett Z. and Nye C. Speech therapy, Language disorder, Learning, Socialisation Primary speech and language delay/disorder is a common developmental difficulty which, if unresolved, can cause difficulties of both learning and socialisation lastin ...

The Impact of Business Support Services for Small and Medium Enterprises on Firm Performance in Low- and Middle-Income Countries: A Systematic Review

Piza C. et al Business support, Enterprise, Productivity Support to small and medium enterprises (SMEs) can improve their revenue and profits, their ability to create jobs, labour productivity and their ability to invest. But these effects are not large, ...

Brief Strategic Family Therapy (BSFT) for Young People in Treatment for Non-Opioid Drug Use

Lindstrom M. et al Drug use, Intervention, Behaviour, Therapy This publication is a Campbell Systematic Review of the effect of the family therapy approach Brief Strategic Family Therapy (BSFT) for treatment for non-opioid drug use (cannabis, amphetamines ...

Active labor market programme participation for unemployment insurance recipients

Filges T. et al Unemployment, Insurance, Labour market Many countries during the 1990s introduced Active Labour Market Programmes (ALMPs) in an effort to reduce unemployment. In countries such as Australia, USA, Denmark, Sweden, England and Switzerland, p ...

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Impact of institutional smoking bans on reducing harms and secondhand smoke exposure

http://thehealthwell.info/search-results/legislative-smoking-bans-reducing-harms-secondhand-smoke-exposure-smoking-prevalence- Frazer, K., et al Smoking, Smoking cessation, Smoking ban, Legislation, Law, Mortality, Secondhand smoke, Passive smoking, Tobac ...

Legislative smoking bans for reducing harms from secondhand smoke exposure, smoking prevalence and tobacco consumption

10.1002/14651858.CD005992.pub3 Frazer, K., et al Smoking, Smoking cessation, Smoking ban, Legislation, Law, Mortality, Secondhand smoke, Tobacco Smoking bans have been implemented in a variety of settings, as well as being part of policy in many jurisdict ...

A systematic review of the effectiveness of lifestyle interventions for the prevention of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in routine practice.

10.14655/743983-900692 Public Health England Lifestyle interventions, Prevention, Type 2 diabetes mellitus This document updates and extends a previously conducted systematic review and meta-analysis assessing the effectiveness of ‘real-world’ interventio ...

Social support group interventions in people with dementia and mild cognitive impairment: a systematic review of the literature

AbstractDespite the large number of studies evaluating social support groups for people with dementia, there are no systematic reviews of current evidence.The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of social support group interventions for pe ...

Home Visits for Prevention of Impairment and Death in Older Adults: A Systematic Review

Grant, S., et al Home visits, Older adults, Cognitive function, Functional impairment Home visits by health and social care professionals aim to prevent cognitive and functional impairment, thus reducing institutionalisation and prolonging life. Visitors ...

Methods to decrease blood loss during liver resection: a network meta-analysis

Simillis, C., et al Blood loss, Elective liver resection Many cancerous and non-cancerous growths that develop in the liver are treated by removing part of the liver (elective liver resection), which is major surgery with high risk of complications. Sever ...

Low molecular weight heparin for prevention of venous thromboembolism in patients with lower-leg immobilization

Testroote, M., et al Low molecular weight heparin, Venous thromboembolism, Patients, Lower-leg immobilization, Ambulant setting Immobilization of the lower limb with plaster cast or brace in adult patients is associated with deep venous thrombosis (DVT). ...

Laparoscopic surgery for endometriosis

Duffy, J.M.N., et al Laparoscopic surgery, Safety, Treatment, Painful symptoms, Subfertility, Endometriosis Background Endometriosis is the presence in inappropriate sites of tissue that normally lines the uterus. It can cause pain and subfertility. Diffe ...

Interventions for treating fingertip entrapment injuries in children

Capstick, R. and Giele, H. Surgical intervention, Conservative interventions, Fingertip entrapment injuries, Children Fingertip entrapment injuries commonly happen in children when their fingertip is caught between the door and the door surround as the do ...

Interventions for iatrogenic inferior alveolar and lingual nerve injury

Coultard, P., et al Interventions, Iatrogenic injury, Inferior alveolar, Lingual nerves The main question addressed by this review is how effective are different treatments and what are the best timings for these treatments following accidental damage dur ...

Information provision for people with multiple sclerosis

Kopke, S., et al Information provision, Interventions, People with MS, Informed choice, Patient-relevant outcomes People with multiple sclerosis (MS) are confronted with many uncertainties in all phases of the disease. For example, the significance of a d ...