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Healthcare librarians and the delivery of critical appraisal training: Barriers to involvement

Maden-Jenkins, M. Knowledge, Information services Many healthcare librarians are undertaking training in critical appraisal but a significant number are not cascading the training to their end-users. To examine the barriers to healthcare librarian involve ...

Interventions to achieve long-term weight loss in obese older people

Systematic ReviewA systematic review and meta-analysisMiles D. Witham1 and Alison Avenell2 1 Section of Ageing and Health, University of Dundee, Ninewells Hospital, Dundee DD1 9SY, UK2 Health Services Research Unit, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, UK Ad ...

Exercise or exercise and diet for preventing type 2 diabetes mellitus

Orozco, L.J. et al DIABETES MELLITUS, DIET, EATING HABIT, PHYSICAL ACTIVITY, PREVENTION The incidence of type 2 diabetes is associated with the 'Westernised lifestyle', mainly in terms of dietary habits and physical activity. Thus an intensive d ...

The effectiveness of brief alcohol interventions in primary care settings: A systematic review

Numerous studies have reported that brief interventions delivered in primary care are effective in reducing excessive drinking. However, much of this work has been criticised for being clinically unrepresentative. This review aimed to assess the effective ...

Adult consequences of late adolescent alcohol consumption: a systematic review of cohort studies.

Background Alcohol is responsible for a significant portion of the global burden of disease. There is widespread concern reported in the media and other sources about drinking trends among young people, particularly heavy episodic or â?obingeâ? drinking. ...

Alcohol-related and hepatocellular cancer deaths by country of birth in England and Wales: analysis of mortality and census data.

BACKGROUND: The incidence of and mortality from alcohol-related conditions, liver disease and hepatocellular cancer (HCC) are increasing in the UK. We compared mortality rates by country of birth to explore potential inequalities and inform clinical and p ...

Interventions to achieve long-term weight loss in obese older people: A systematic review and meta-analysis

1 Section of Ageing and Health, University of Dundee, Ninewells Hospital, Dundee DD1 9SY, UK2 Health Services Research Unit, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, UK Address correspondence to: M. Witham. Tel: (+44) 1382 632436; Fax: (+44) 1382 660675. Email: ...

Interventions to achieve long-term weight loss in obese older people: A systematic review and meta-analysis

 1 Section of Ageing and Health, University of Dundee, Ninewells Hospital, Dundee DD1 9SY, UK2 Health Services Research Unit, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, UKAddress correspondence to: M. Witham. Tel: (+44) 1382 632436; Fax: (+44) 1382 660675. Email: ...

Variation in FTO contributes to childhood obesity and severe adult obesity

Dina, C. et al Study of genetic factors linked to early onset and severe obesity The authors identified a set of SNPs in the first intron of the FTO (fat mass and obesity associated) gene on chromosome 16q12.2 that is consistently strongly associated with ...

Six new loci associated with body mass index highlight a neuronal influence on body weight regulation

Willer, C. J. et al Research article on weight regulation and genes associated with body mass index Common variants at only two loci, FTO and MC4R, have been reproducibly associated with body mass index (BMI) in humans. To identify additional loci, we con ...

Preventing obesity in pre-school children: A literature review

Saunders, K. L. Review of tackling obesity in children Obesity in children is increasing worldwide, impacting on both long- and short-term health. Obesity prevention is an important contemporary public health priority and is firmly on the Government' ...

Database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effects (DARE)

Centre for Review and Dissemination OBESITY, OVERWEIGHT DARE contains 15,000 abstracts of systematic reviews including over 6,000 quality assessed reviews and details of all Cochrane reviews and protocols. The database focuses on the effects of interventi ...

What do parents and preschool staff tell us about young children's physical activity: a qualitative study

Dwyer, G.M et al A research article examining influences of physical activity patterns in children. The aims of this qualitative study were to explore the attitudes, values, knowledge and understanding of parents and carers of preschool-age children in re ...

The use of group dynamics strategies to enhance cohesion in a lifestyle intervention program for obese children

Martin, L. J. urke, S. M., Shapiro, S., Carron, A. V., Irwin, j. D., Petrella, R., Prapavessis, H. and Shoemaker, K. Strategy for the intervention and treatment of obesity in children Background: Most research pertaining to childhood obesity has assessed ...

The school food environment and adolescent obesity: qualitative insights from high school principals and food service personnel

Nollen, NL et al. A research paper examining school staff's opininons of school food environments. This study examines high school personnel's perceptions of the school environment, its impact on obesity, and the potential impact of legislation ...

The Perception of obesity by normal-weight versus obese school-age children

Counts, C.R., Jones, C., Frame, C.L., Jarvie, G.J. and Strauss, C.C. A research paper exploring obesity perceptions among overweight and normal weight children. There appears to be little difference between obese and normal weight children in their percep ...

Television viewing, fast food consumption and children's obesity

Chang, Hung-Hao; Nayga, Rodolfo, M. Study of the impact of television viewing and fast food intake on obesity in children Childhood obesity is rising in Taiwan and is becoming a major public health issue. This article examines the effect of children' ...

Public Health Interventions for Addressing Childhood Overweight: Analysis of the Business Case

Eric A. Finkelstein, PhD and Justin G. Trogdon, PhD A research paper investigating the appropriateness of basing childhood obesity interventions on expectations of return on investment. The study shows that excess weight is associated with greater medical ...

Measures of the Food Environment: A Compilation of the Literature, 1990- 2007

McKinnon, R.A., Reedy, J., Morrissette, M.A., Lytle, L.A., Yaroch, A.L. FOOD AND NUTRITION, HEALTH POLICY, INDIVIDUAL BEHAVIOUR A structured literature search was conducted to identify peer-reviewed articles published between January 1990 and August 2007 ...

Management of child and adolescent obesity: Attitudes, barriers, skills, and training needs among health care professionals

Story MT et al NEEDS ASSESSMENT, OBESITY, TRAINING, WEIGHT MANAGEMENT, YOUNG PEOPLE The primary aim of this study was to evaluate among health care professionals their attitudes, perceived barriers, perceived skill level, and training needs in the managem ...