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Smoking and Weight Change After New Health Diagnoses in Older Adults

Archives of Internal Medicine Research on smoking cessation Smoking and patterns of diet and activity are the 2 leading underlying causes of death in the United States, yet the factors that prompt individuals to adopt healthier habits are not well underst ...

The effect of obesity combined with low muscle strength on decline in mobility in older persons

S Stenholm, D Alley, S Bandinelli, M E Griswold, S Koskinen, T Rantanen, J M Guralnik and L Ferrucci1 Research on the effect of obesity on the mobility of older people Both obesity and muscle impairment are increasingly prevalent among older persons and n ...

Vegetables and nuts come out top for heart health

A. Mente, L. de Koning, H.S. Shannon, S.S. Anand A report to show that a Mediterranean diet, rich iS associated with a lower risk for heart disease According to findings published in this week's Archives of Internal Medicine, modest relationships wer ...

Stroke: Diagnosis and initial management of acute stroke and transient ischaemic attack (TIA)

National Collaborating Centre for Chronic Conditions Diagnosis and initial management of acute stroke and transient ischaemic attack (TIA) Diagnosis and initial management of acute stroke and transient ischaemic attack (TIA) The advice in the NICE guideli ...

Putting a health inequalities focus on the Northern Ireland cardiovascular service framework

The PHA, supported by the Institute of Public Health in Ireland (IPH) and other agencies and individuals, has completed a health impact assessment (HIA) on the Cardiovascular Service Framework (CVSFW) for Northern Ireland.The CVSFW is the first in a serie ...

Dietary advice for reducing cardiovascular risk

Brunner, E. et al Heart disease Changes in population diet are likely to reduce cardiovascular disease and cancer, but the effect of dietary advice is uncertain. The objective of this review is to assess the effects of providing dietary advice to achieve ...

Northern Ireland Health and Social Wellbeing Survey (NIHSWB)

Central Survey Unit, Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency & Department of Health, Social Services and Public A range of health issues including cardiovascular disease, mental health and ill-health, physical activity, smoking and drinking. T ...

WHO European Childhood Obesity Surveillance Initiative (COSI): Ireland

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Modulation of Blood Pressure by Central Melanocortinergic Pathways

Geenfield, J. R. et al Research article on genetic and pharmacologic studies Weight gain and weight loss are associated with changes in blood pressure through unknown mechanisms. Central melanocortinergic signaling is implicated in the control of energy b ...

Common Variants near MC4R are Associated with Fat Mass, Weight and Risk of Obesity

Loos, R. J. et al Research article examining variants to obesity and insulin resistance To identify common variants influencing body mass index (BMI), the authors analyzed genome-wide association data from 16,876 individuals of European descent. After pre ...

A Common Variant in the FTO Gene Is Associated with Body Mass Index and Predisposes to Childhood and Adult Obesity

Frayling, T. M. et al Study of genetic factors linked to the predisposition of obesity Obesity is a serious international health problem that increases the risk of several common diseases. The genetic factors predisposing to obesity are poorly understood. ...

The Power of the Extreme in Elucidating Obesity

Froguel, P. and Blakemore, A. Study of genetic factors related to obesity Despite the worrisome statistics that 16% of children in the United States are obese and that the number of adults with a body-mass index (the weight in kilograms divided by the squ ...

Genome-wide association yields new sequence variants at seven loci that associate with measures of obesity

Thorleifsson, G. et al Study on genome-wide association (GWA) of the heritable factors of obesity Obesity results from the interaction of genetic and environmental factors. To search for sequence variants that affect variation in two common measures of ob ...

Causes and Control of Excess Body Fat

Friedman, J. M. Study of obesity, its causes and preventative measures Obesity is a major health problem in developed countries and a growing one in the developing world. It increases the risk of diabetes, heart disease, fatty liver and some forms of canc ...

Common Body Mass Index-associated Variants Confer Risk of Extreme Obesity

Cotsapas, C. etal Study of the genetic architecture of severe obesity To investigate the genetic architecture of severe obesity, the authors performed a genome-wide association study of 775 cases and 3197 unascertained controls at ~550 000 markers across ...

Leptin Regulates Striatal Regions and Human Eating Behavior

Farooqi, I. S. Bullmore, E., Keogh, J., Gillard, J., O'Rahilly, S. and Fletcher, P. C. Study on physiological satiety signals and overeating. Studies of the fat-derived hormone leptin have provided key insights into the molecular and neural component ...

Body Mass Index and Quality of Well-being in a Community of Older Adults

Groessl, E. J., Kaplan, R. M., Barrett-Connor, E. and Ganiats, T. G. Study of the connection between body mass index and the quality of life in older people Background The impact of obesity and associated conditions on health has not been assessed in olde ...

Obesity in Irish youth: epidemiology and implications

Finucane, F. M. Study of the prevalence of obesity in young people The worldwide epidemic of type 2 diabetes has been paralleled by a marked increase in the prevalence of obesity, particularly in younger people. This will contribute significantly to the f ...

One-year health-related quality of life outcomes in weight loss trial particpants: comparisons of three measures

Kolotkin, R. L., Norquist, J. M. Crosby, R. D., Suryawanshi, S., Teixeira, P. J., Heymsfield, S. B., Erondu, N. and Nguyen, A. M. Study of the impact of weight change to health-related quality of life Background: The literature on changes in health-relate ...

Randomized, Controlled Trial of a Best-Practice Individualized Behavioral Program for Treatment of Childhood Overweight: Scottish Childhood Overweight Treatment Trial (SCOTT)

Hughes, A.R et al. A quantitative research paper examining whether an individualized behavioral intervention reduced BMI among overweight children. The design of this study consisted of an assessor-blinded, randomized, controlled trial involving 134 overw ...

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