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Interventions to achieve long-term weight loss in obese older people: A systematic review and meta-analysis

1 Section of Ageing and Health, University of Dundee, Ninewells Hospital, Dundee DD1 9SY, UK2 Health Services Research Unit, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, UK Address correspondence to: M. Witham. Tel: (+44) 1382 632436; Fax: (+44) 1382 660675. Email: ...

Alcohol-related and hepatocellular cancer deaths by country of birth in England and Wales: analysis of mortality and census data.

BACKGROUND: The incidence of and mortality from alcohol-related conditions, liver disease and hepatocellular cancer (HCC) are increasing in the UK. We compared mortality rates by country of birth to explore potential inequalities and inform clinical and p ...

The effectiveness of brief alcohol interventions in primary care settings: A systematic review

Numerous studies have reported that brief interventions delivered in primary care are effective in reducing excessive drinking. However, much of this work has been criticised for being clinically unrepresentative. This review aimed to assess the effective ...

Interventions to achieve long-term weight loss in obese older people

Systematic ReviewA systematic review and meta-analysisMiles D. Witham1 and Alison Avenell2 1 Section of Ageing and Health, University of Dundee, Ninewells Hospital, Dundee DD1 9SY, UK2 Health Services Research Unit, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, UK Ad ...

Community Design and Policies for Free-Range Children: Creating Environments that Support Routine Physical Activity

Fenton, M. Childhood obesity Growing concern over childhood obesity has prompted a focus on underlying epidemics of physical inactivity and poor nutrition. Regarding the former, there is increasing understanding that behavior change promotion alone has no ...

Research: Applying economic evaluation to public health interventions: interventions to promote physical activity

Trueman, P. and Nana Kwame Anokye The cost-effectiveness of exercise referral schemes (ERSs) This paper explores the application of alternative approaches to economic evaluation of public health interventions, using a worked example of exercise referral s ...

Efficacy of motivational interviewing for smoking cessation: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Heckman, C.J. and Egleston, B.. Smoking cessation A systematic review and meta-analysis to investigate the efficacy of interventions incorporating motivational interviewing for smoking cessation and identify correlates of treatment effects. Systematic Rev ...

The impact of initiatives to limit the advertising of food and beverage products to children: a systematic review

Galbraith-Emami, S. and Lobstein, T. Food and drink advertising In response to increasing evidence that advertising of foods and beverages affects children's food choices and food intake, several national governments and many of the world's larg ...

Rifamycins (rifampicin, rifabutin and rifapentine) compared to isoniazid for preventing tuberculosis in HIV-negative people at risk of active TB

Shama, S.K., et al To compare the effects of rifampicin monotherapy or rifamycin-combination therapy versus INH monotherapy for preventing active TB in HIV-negative people at risk of developing active TB Tuberculosis (TB) is a disease that is caused by a ...

The non-advertising effects of screen-based sedentary activities on acute eating behaviours in children, adolescents, and young adults. A systematic review.

Marsh, S., Mhurchu, CN. and Maddison, R. childhood obesity Sedentary screen time may be an important determinant of childhood obesity. A number of potential mechanisms to explain the link between screen time and increased bodyweight have been proposed; ho ...

Parenting styles, feeding styles, and their influence on child obesogenic behaviors and body weight. A review

Vollmer, R. and Mobley, AR childhood obesity With recommendations to include parents as targets for childhood obesity interventions, there is a need to review the relationship of general parenting influences on childhood obesity. Therefore, the aim of thi ...

Exploring the Effects of a Transition to Open Access: Insights from a Simulation Study

Bernius, S., et al Open Access publishing The Open Access (OA) movement, which postulates gratis and unrestricted online access to publicly funded research findings, has significantly gained momentum in recent years. The two ways of achieving OA are self- ...

Deep Impact: Unintended consequences of journal rank

Brembs, B. and Munafo, < Open Access publishing Most researchers acknowledge an intrinsic hierarchy in the scholarly journals (‘journal rank’) that they submit their work to, and adjust not only their submission but also their reading strategies accord ...

From Theory to Intervention: Mapping Theoretically Derived Behavioural Determinants to Behavioural Change Techniques

Michie, S., et al Behaviour change Theory provides a helpful basis for designing interventions to change behaviour but offers little guidance on how to do this. This paper aims to illustrate methods for developing an extensive list of behaviour change tec ...

Health and the 2008 Economic Recession: Evidence from the United Kingdom

Astell-Burt, T. and Feng, X. Economic recession The economic recession which began in 2008 has resulted in a substantial increase in unemployment across many countries, including the United Kingdom. Strong association between unemployment and poor health ...

The Epidemiology of Low Back Pain in Primary Care

Kent, P. M. and Keating, J. L. Current knowledge on prevalence, activity limitation (disability), care-seeking, natural history and clinical course, treatment outcome, and costs of low back pain (LBP) This descriptive review provides a summary of the prev ...

Preventing obesity in pre-school children: A literature review

Saunders, K. L. Review of tackling obesity in children Obesity in children is increasing worldwide, impacting on both long- and short-term health. Obesity prevention is an important contemporary public health priority and is firmly on the Government' ...

Six new loci associated with body mass index highlight a neuronal influence on body weight regulation

Willer, C. J. et al Research article on weight regulation and genes associated with body mass index Common variants at only two loci, FTO and MC4R, have been reproducibly associated with body mass index (BMI) in humans. To identify additional loci, we con ...

Variation in FTO contributes to childhood obesity and severe adult obesity

Dina, C. et al Study of genetic factors linked to early onset and severe obesity The authors identified a set of SNPs in the first intron of the FTO (fat mass and obesity associated) gene on chromosome 16q12.2 that is consistently strongly associated with ...

Public Health Interventions for Addressing Childhood Overweight: Analysis of the Business Case

Eric A. Finkelstein, PhD and Justin G. Trogdon, PhD A research paper investigating the appropriateness of basing childhood obesity interventions on expectations of return on investment. The study shows that excess weight is associated with greater medical ...